Jay Asher was born in Arcadia, California on September 30, 1975. He grew up with a family that encouraged him to pursue all of his interests, from playing the guitar to his writing. He attended Cuesta Community College right after graduating from San Luis Obispo High School. It was here where he wrote his first two children’s books for a class called Children’s Literature Appreciation. After high school, he decided he wanted to become an elementary school teacher. He then transferred to California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo where he left his senior year in order to pursue his career as a serious writer. He married Joan Marie on September 7, 2002. Throughout his life he worked in various establishments, including working as a salesman in a shoe store and in libraries and bookstores. Many of his work experiences influenced some aspect of his writing.
On December 27, 2016, the 10th Anniversary Edition of Thirteen Reasons Why was released. In this edition, the book’s original ending is included. The anniversary edition also includes a new introduction from Asher, an essay from Asher, pages from the notebook that Asher used while writing Thirteen Reasons Why, reader reactions and a reading guide
Thirteen Reasons Why is a 2007 young adult novel written by Jay Asher. The book was published by RazorBill, a young adult imprint of Penguin Books. The paperback edition hit #1 on the New York Times best-seller list in July 2011. The book is the basis of the television series 13 Reasons Why, released through Netflix on March 31, 2017.
Clay Jensen, a shy high school student, returns home from school one day to find that he has received a mysterious package in the mail. It contains seven double-sided cassette tapes used by Hannah Baker, a classmate who has recently committed suicide. Each tape details a reason that she killed herself. The tapes were sent to various other people before arriving at Clay’s door.The first person to receive the tapes was Justin. They kissed once after she developed a crush on him. However, Justin told his friends that they did more than just kiss, which earned Hannah the reputation of a slut at school. The second person to receive them was Alex. Alex violated their friendship when he published a “hot or not” list comparing the girls in their class. He awarded Hannah the title of Best Ass, which only escalated her reputation as a slut. He also awarded his ex-girlfriend Jessica the title of Worst Ass, in revenge for her not having sex with him. The third person was Jessica. After being compared to Hannah on the “hot or not” list, Jessica slapped Hannah and ended their friendship. The slap left a scar on Hannah’s cheek…..
Dylan Minnette as Clay Jensen
Katherine Langford as Hannah Baker
Christian Navarro as Tony Padilla
Alisha Boe as Jessica Davis
Brandon Flynn as Justin Foley
Justin Prentice as Bryce Walker
Miles Heizer as Alex Standall
Ross Butler as Zach Dempsey
Devin Druid as Tyler Down
Amy Hargreaves as Lainie Jensen
Derek Luke as Kevin Porter
Kate Walsh as Olivia Baker
Hannah Baker is a fictional character created by American author Jay Asher. She is the subject of his 2007 mystery novel Thirteen Reasons Why, and Netflix’ adaptation of the book, 13 Reasons Why. Hannah is introduced as a sophomore at the fictional Liberty High School, characterized by her struggle adjusting to life in an unsympathetic school environment. She is played by Katherine Langford on the television series.On the final tape Hannah recalls the day of her suicide. She decides to give life “one more try”, and visits Mr. Porter, the school counsellor, and asks for his help. She tells him about the rape, but when she refuses to disclose her rapist’s identity, he tells her that the only option is to “move on” with life. This conversation is related on Hannah’s final recorded tape. She then gives her uniform to Clay at the theatre before going to give the tapes to Tony. Hannah return home, fills her bathtub and uses the razors she stole from her father’s shop to slit her wrists. Hannah dies of blood loss and is found by her mother and father who attempt to save her by calling 911; but they are too late, Hannah is already dead.
Rape & Assault or Violence
If you are in immediate danger, call 911.
Rape and Incest National Network (RAINN) Crisis Hotline: 800-656-4673
In addition to its hotline, RAINN works with local rape crisis centers nationwide, providing resources, articles, programs, and events.
National Teen Dating Helpline at 1-866-331-9474 or visit www.loveisrespect.org For teens who have been abused.
National Sexual Assault Hotline at 1-800-656-4673 or visit www.rainn.org For anyone who has been raped or experienced sexual violence.
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 800-273-TALK (8255)
This is a 24-hour suicide prevention hotline that is free and available to anyone who is in emotional distress or crisis.
Hopeline: 800-SUICIDE (1-800-784-2433)
National Suicide Hotlines: 800-SUICIDE (784 2433)
Teen Hotline Covenant House NineLine: 800-999-9999
Gay pride or LGBT pride is the promotion of the self-affirmation, dignity, equality, and increased visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as a social group. Pride, as opposed to shame and social stigma, is the predominant outlook that bolsters most LGBT rights movements.
PRIDE MONTH TIMELINE
The First LGBT Organization
The Netherlands Center for Culture adopts a vague name to mask its then taboo purpose.
June 28, 1969
The Stonewall Riots
NYC police raid the Stonewall Inn, instigating the Stonewall Riots.
June 28, 1970
First Official Pride Parade
Organized by pioneering bisexual activist Brenda Howard and a committee she put together, the parade sees supporters march from Greenwich Village to Central Park.
June 25, 1978
The Rainbow Flag Flies High
Gilbert Baker’s original design of the rainbow gay pride flag is flown at the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.
June 26, 2015
Same Sex Marriage Rights
The U.S. Supreme Court makes same-sex marriages legal in all 50 U.S. states.
What did the Stonewall riots achieve?
The riots are widely considered to constitute one of the most important events leading to the gay liberation movement and the twentieth century fight for LGBT rights in the United States. …
Gay liberation and LGBT rights in the United States
Riot, street protests
The raid on the Stonewall Inn in 1968 targeted non-heterosexual persons, among others. The ongoing harassment of the gay, lesbian, and trans populations led to many raids like Stonewall.
The Stonewall Riots, also called the Stonewall Uprising, began in the early hours of June 28, 1969 when New York City police raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay club located in Greenwich Village in New York City. The raid sparked a riot among bar patrons and neighborhood residents as police roughly hauled employees and patrons out of the bar, leading to six days of protests and violent clashes with law enforcement outside the bar on Christopher Street, in neighboring streets and in nearby Christopher Park. The Stonewall Riots served as a catalyst for the gay rights movement in the United States and around the world.Stonewall riots, also called Stonewall uprising, series of violent confrontations that began in the early hours of June 28, 1969, between police and gay rights activists outside the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in the Greenwich Village section of New York City. As the riots progressed, an international gay rights movement was born.
Part of events leading to the Gay liberation movement
June 28 – July 3, 1969
Greenwich Village section of New York City
Riot, street protests
Parties to the civil conflict
New York Police Department
Tactical Patrol Force
Fourth, fifth, sixth and ninth Precincts
Stonewall Inn patrons
Day 1: 10 NYPD officers (inside the Inn) Day 2: Multiple NYPD precincts
Day 1: 500–600 supporters outside Day 2: ~1,000 supporters inside and outside
In 1969 the solicitation of homosexual relations was an illegal act in New York City (and indeed virtually all other urban centres). Gay bars were places of refuge where gay men and lesbians and other individuals who were considered sexually suspect could socialize in relative safety from public harassment. Many of those bars were, however, subject to regular police harassment.
One such well-known gathering place for young gay men, lesbians, and transgender people was the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a dark, seedy, crowded bar, reportedly operating without a liquor license. In the early morning hours of Saturday, June 28, 1969, nine policemen entered the Stonewall Inn, arrested the employees for selling alcohol without a license, roughed up many of its patrons, cleared the bar, and—in accordance with a New York criminal statute that authorized the arrest of anyone not wearing at least three articles of gender-appropriate clothing—took several people into custody. It was the third such raid on Greenwich Village gay bars in a short period.Their anger was apparent and vocal as they watched bar patrons being forced into a police van. They began to jeer at and jostle the police and then threw bottles and debris. Accustomed to more passive behaviour, even from larger gay groups, the policemen called for reinforcements and barricaded themselves inside the bar while some 400 people rioted. The police barricade was repeatedly breached, and the bar was set on fire. Police reinforcements arrived in time to extinguish the flames, and they eventually dispersed the crowd.Their anger was apparent and vocal as they watched bar patrons being forced into a police van. They began to jeer at and jostle the police and then threw bottles and debris. Accustomed to more passive behaviour, even from larger gay groups, the policemen called for reinforcements and barricaded themselves inside the bar while some 400 people rioted. The police barricade was repeatedly breached, and the bar was set on fire. Police reinforcements arrived in time to extinguish the flames, and they eventually dispersed the crowd.
The legacy of Stonewall
Stonewall soon became a symbol of resistance to social and political discrimination that would inspire solidarity among homosexual groups for decades. Although the Stonewall riots cannot be said to have initiated the gay rights movement as such, it did serve as a catalyst for a new generation of political activism
Who started the Stonewall riot?Marsha P. Johnson
Johnson (August 24, 1945 – July 6, 1992), born and also known as Malcolm Michaels Jr., was an American gay liberation activist and self-identified drag queen. Known as an outspoken advocate for gay rights, Johnson was one of the prominent figures in the Stonewall uprising of 1969.
Marsha P. Johnson (August 24, 1945 – July 6, 1992), born and also known as Malcolm Michaels Jr., was an American gay liberation activist and self-identified drag queen. Known as an outspoken advocate for gay rights, Johnson was one of the prominent figures in the Stonewall uprising of 1969.Johnson was a founding member of the Gay Liberation Front and co-founded the radical activist group Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (S.T.A.R.), alongside close friend Sylvia Rivera.Johnson was also a popular figure in New York City’s gay and art scene, modeling for Andy Warhol, and performing onstage with the drag performance troupe Hot Peaches.Johnson was known as the “mayor of Christopher Street” due to being a welcoming presence in the streets of Greenwich Village. From 1987 through 1992, Johnson was an AIDS activist with ACT UP.
Johnson was born Malcolm Michaels Jr. on August 24, 1945, in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Johnson had six siblings and a father, Malcolm Michaels Sr., who was an assembly line worker at General Motors. Michaels’ mother, Alberta Claiborne, was a housekeeper. They attended an African Methodist Episcopal Church during Michaels’/Johnson’s childhood and remained devoutly religious in later life, often taking an interest in Catholicism, but also making offerings to the saints in a personal manner, keeping a private altar at home. Johnson first began wearing dresses at the age of five but stopped temporarily due to harassment by boys who lived nearby. In a 1992 interview, Johnson described being the young victim of sexual assault by an adolescent boy.After this, Johnson described the idea of being gay as “some sort of dream”, rather than something that seemed possible, and so chose to remain sexually inactive until leaving for New York City at 17. Johnson’s mother reportedly said that being homosexual is like being “lower than a dog”,but Johnson said that Alberta was unaware of the LGBT community. After graduating from Edison High School (now the Thomas A. Edison Career and Technical Academy) in Elizabeth in 1963, Johnson left home for New York City with $15 and a bag of clothes.Johnson waited on tables after moving to Greenwich Village in 1966.After Johnson began hanging out with the street hustlers near the Howard Johnson’s at 6th Avenue and 8th Street, Johnson’s life changed. Johnson came out and said “my life has been built around sex and gay liberation, being a drag queen” and sex work.
By 1966, Johnson lived on the streets and engaged in survival sex.In connection with sex work, Johnson claimed to have been arrested over 100 times, and was also shot once, in the late 1970s.Johnson spoke of first having a mental breakdown in 1970.According to Bob Kohler, Johnson would walk naked up Christopher Street and be taken away for two or three months to be treated with chlorpromazine, an antipsychotic medication. Upon returning, the medication would wear off over the course of one month and Johnson would then return to normal. Between 1980 and Johnson’s death in 1992, Johnson lived with a friend Randy Wicker, who invited Johnson to stay the night one time when it was “very cold out—about 10 degrees [Fahrenheit]” (−12 °C).
Shortly after the 1992 pride parade, Johnson’s body was discovered floating in the Hudson River.Police initially ruled the death a suicide, but Johnson’s friends and other members of the local community insisted Johnson was not suicidal and noted that the back of Johnson’s head had a massive wound.According to Sylvia Rivera, their friend Bob Kohler believed Johnson had committed suicide due to an ever-increasing fragile state, which Rivera herself disputed, claiming she and Johnson had “made a pact” to “cross the ‘River Jordan’ (aka Hudson River) together”.Those who were close to Johnson considered the death suspicious; many claimed that while Johnson did struggle mentally, this did not manifest itself as suicidal. Randy Wicker later said that Johnson may have hallucinated and walked into the river, or may have jumped into the river to escape harassers, but stated that Johnson was never suicidal.
Several people came forward to say they had seen Johnson harassed by a group of “thugs” who had also robbed people. According to Wicker, a witness saw a neighborhood resident fighting with Johnson on July 4, 1992. During the fight he used a homophobic slur, and later bragged to someone at a bar that he had killed a drag queen named Marsha. The witness said that when he tried to tell police what he had seen his story was ignored. Other locals stated later that law enforcement was not interested in investigating Johnson’s death, stating that the case was about a “gay black man” and wanting little to do with it at the time.
Johnson was cremated and, following a funeral at a local church, friends released Johnson’s ashes over the river. Police allowed Seventh Avenue to be closed while Johnson’s ashes were carried to the river..
In December 2002, a police investigation resulted in reclassification of Johnson’s cause of death from “suicide” to “undetermined”.
Former New York politician Tom Duane fought to reopen the case, because “Usually when there is a death by suicide the person usually leaves a note. She didn’t leave a note.” In November 2012, activist Mariah Lopez succeeded in getting the New York police department to reopen the case as a possible homicide.
Tributes of Marsha P. Johnson
The 2012 documentary Pay It No Mind – The Life and Times of Marsha P. Johnson heavily features segments from a 1992 interview with Johnson, which was filmed shortly before Johnson’s death. Many friends of Johnson’s from Greenwich Village are interviewed for the documentary.
Johnson appears as a character in two fictional film dramas that are based on real events, including Stonewall (2015), played by Otoja Abit, and Happy Birthday, Marsha! (2016), played by Mya Taylor. Both movies are creative interpretations, inspired by the Stonewall uprisingThe 2017 documentary, The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson, follows trans woman Victoria Cruz of the Anti-Violence Project as she investigates Johnson’s murder.Like Pay It No Mind, it relies on archival footage and interviews.
New York City artist Anohni produced multiple tributes to Johnson, including baroque pop band Antony and the Johnsons (named in Johnson’s honor), and a 1995 play about Johnson, The Ascension of Marsha P. Johnson.
American drag queen and TV personality RuPaul has called Johnson an inspiration, describing Johnson as “the true Drag Mother.” During an episode of his show RuPaul’s Drag Race in 2012, RuPaul told her contestants that Johnson “paved the way for all of [them]”.
In 2018 the New York Times published a belated obituary for Johnson.
A large, painted mural depicting Johnson and Sylvia Rivera went on display in Dallas, Texas, in 2019 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots. The painting of the “two pioneers of the gay rights movement” in front of a transgender flag claims to be the world’s largest mural honoring the trans community.
On May 30, 2019, it was announced that Johnson and Sylvia Rivera would be honored with monuments at Greenwich Village, near the site of the Stonewall club.Construction is rumored to be completed by 2021. These monuments of Johnson and Rivera will be the world’s first to honor transgender activists.
On May 31, 2019, queer street artists Homo Riot and Suriani created a mural, as part of the WorldPride Mural Project and Stonewall 50 – WorldPride NYC 2019, and dedicated to Queer Liberation, featuring multiple images of Johnson. The mural, located at 2nd Avenue and Houston Street in New York City, was curated by photographer and filmmaker Daniel “Dusty” Albanese.
In June 2019, Johnson was one of the inaugural fifty American “pioneers, trailblazers, and heroes” inducted on the National LGBTQ Wall of Honor within the Stonewall National Monument (SNM) in New York City’s Stonewall Inn.The SNM is the first U.S. national monument dedicated to LGBTQ rights and history,and the wall’s unveiling was timed to take place during the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots.
On February 1, 2020, Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York announced that the East River State Park in Brooklyn will be renamed in Johnson’s honor. It will be the first New York state park named after an LGBT person.
On June 30, 2020, Google celebrated Marsha P. Johnson with a Google Doodle.
In August 2020 the Union County, New Jersey Office of LGBTQ Affairs announced Johnson’s hometown, Elizabeth, New Jersey, would erect a monument to Johnson. A petition to remove the Christopher Columbus monument and replace it with a statue of Johnson received over 75,000 signatures.A mural of Johnson, also in Elizabeth, was vandalized during Pride Month in June of 2021.Community organizers vowed to fund restoration of the mural to honor Pride Month and Johnson’s legacy.
The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson is a 2017 American documentary film directed by David France. It chronicles Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera, prominent figures in gay liberation and transgender rights movement in New York City from the 1960s to the 1990s and co-founders of Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries. The film centers on activist Victoria Cruz’s investigation into Johnson’s death in 1992, which was initially ruled a suicide by police despite suspicious circumstances. It is France’s second film, following How to Survive a Plague (2012)
.Sylvia Rivera (July 2, 1951 – February 19, 2002) was an American gay liberation and transgender rights activist who was also a noted community worker in New York. Rivera, who identified as a drag queen, participated in demonstrations with the Gay Liberation Front
With close friend Marsha P. Johnson, Rivera co-founded the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR), a group dedicated to helping homeless young drag queens, gay youth, and trans women.
Rivera was born and raised in New York City and lived most of her life in or near the city; she was of Puerto Rican and Venezuelan descent. She was abandoned by her birth father José Rivera early in life and became an orphan after her mother died by suicide when Rivera was three years old.Rivera was then raised by her Venezuelan grandmother, who disapproved of Rivera’s effeminate behavior, particularly after Rivera began to wear makeup in fourth grade. As a result, Rivera began living on the streets in 1961, just shy of her 11th birthday and was forced to work as a child prostitute. She was taken in by the local community of drag queens, who gave her the name Sylvia.
Rivera’s activism began in 1970 after she joined the Gay Activists Alliance at 18 years old, where she fought for not only the rights of gay people but also for the inclusion of drag queens like herself in the movement. Rivera sometimes exaggerated her importance, purporting to have been active during the civil rights movement and through the movement against the Vietnam war and second-wave feminist movements, but she could not prove her claims.After her older friend, Marsha P. Johnson, was being praised for being involved in the Stonewall riots, Rivera claimed that she was also present there. Stonewall historian David Carter, however, questioned Rivera’s claims of even being at the riots that night, based on contradictory statements that she made and on testimony relayed to him by early gay rights activists such as Johnson, who denied that Rivera had been there.
In 1973, Rivera famously spoke at a gay rights rally after she and Johnson had been reportedly banned for making other gay activists “look bad”. Afterwards, she told anyone who would listen that she had been involved in the Stonewall riots to which Johnson replied, “Sylvia, you know you weren’t there”. Then Rivera was silent.When the Stonewall riots occurred, Rivera was only 17 years old, and according to Bob Kohler, who was there on the two nights of the riots, she “always hung out uptown at Bryant Park” and never came downtown.Johnson told the gay rights historian Eric Marcus in 1987 that in the hours prior to her arriving downtown to join the other protesters at the riots, she had a party uptown and mentioned that “Rivera and them were over in the [Bryant] park having a cocktail.”
Kohler told Carter that although Rivera had not been at the uprising, he hoped that Carter would still portray her as having been there. Another Stonewall veteran, Thomas Lanigan-Schmidt, claimed that he wanted to add her “so that young Puerto Rican transgender people on the street would have a role model.”Kohler and Rivera had a discussion over what to include in the book and denied Rivera’s requests to be portrayed as being the one to throw the first Molotov cocktail, throwing the first brick, and having thrown the first bottle. That allowed Rivera to be portrayed as someone who had “thrown a bottle”, as opposed to being “the first”.
Rivera died during the dawn hours of February 19, 2002, at St. Vincent’s Hospital, of complications from liver cancer. Activist Riki Wilchins noted, “In many ways, Sylvia was the Rosa Parks of the modern transgender movement, a term that was not even coined until two decades after Stonewall”.
Johnson was Rivera’s close friend, and the two often worked together politically. Their discussions led to activism and in 1970, Rivera and Johnson co-founded Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR). STAR offered services and advocacy for homeless queer youth,and fought for the Sexual Orientation Non-Discrimination Act in New York. SONDA prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment, housing, public accommodations, education, credit, and the exercise of civil rights.
In early July 1992, shortly after the New York City Pride March, Johnson’s body was found floating in the Hudson River off the West Village Piers. Police promptly ruled Johnson’s death a suicide, despite the presence of a head wound.Johnson’s friends and supporters, Rivera included, insisted Johnson had not been suicidal, and a people’s postering campaign later declared that Johnson had earlier been harassed near the spot where her body was found. In May 1995, Rivera tried to commit suicide by walking into the Hudson River. That year she also appeared in the Arthur Dong documentary episode “Out Rage ’69”, part of the PBS series The Question of Equality, and gave an extensive interview to gay journalist Randy Wicker in which she discussed her suicide attempts, Johnson’s life and death, and her advocacy for poor and working-class gay people made homeless by the AIDS crisis.
In the last five years of her life, Rivera renewed her political activity, giving many speeches about the Stonewall Uprising and the necessity for transgender people, including drag queens and butch dykes, to fight for their legacy at the forefront of the LGBT movement. She traveled to Italy for the Millennium March in 2000, where she was acclaimed as the “mother of all gay people”.In early 2001, after a service at the Metropolitan Community Church of New York referring to the Star of Bethlehem announcing the birth of Jesus, she decided to resurrect STAR as an active political organization (now changing “Transvestite” to the more recently coined term “Transgender,” which at that time was understood to include all gender-nonconforming people). STAR fought for the New York City Transgender Rights Bill and for a trans-inclusive New York State Sexual Orientation Non Discrimination Act. STAR also sponsored street pressures for justice for Amanda Milan, a transgender woman murdered in 2000.Rivera attacked Human Rights Campaign and Empire State Pride Agenda as organizations that were standing in the way of transgender rights. On her deathbed she met with Matt Foreman and Joe Grabarz of ESPA to negotiate transgender inclusion in its political structure and agenda.
Rivera was angered by her perception that the significance of drag queens and drag culture was being minimized by the ostensibly assimilationist gay rights agenda, particularly by new would-be “gay leaders” who were focusing on military service (Don’t Ask Don’t Tell) and marriage equality.Rivera’s conflicts with these newer LGBT groups were emblematic of the mainstream LGBT movement’s strained relationship to the radical politics of many earlier gay liberation activists. After Rivera’s death, Michael Bronski recalled her anger when she felt that she was being marginalized within the community:
After Gay Liberation Front folded and the more reformist Gay Activists Alliance (GAA) became New York’s primary gay rights group, Sylvia Rivera worked hard within their ranks in 1971 to promote a citywide gay rights, anti-discrimination ordinance. But for all of her work, when it came time to make deals, GAA dropped the portions in the civil rights bill that dealt with and drag transvestitism— it just wasn’t possible to pass it with such “extreme” elements included. As it turned out, it wasn’t possible to pass the bill anyway until 1986. But not only was the language of the bill changed, GAA — which was becoming increasingly more conservative, several of its founders and officers had plans to run for public office — even changed its political agenda to exclude issues of transvestitism and drag. It was also not unusual for Sylvia to be urged to “front” possibly dangerous demonstrations, but when the press showed up, she would be pushed aside by the more middle-class, “straight-appearing” leadership. In 1995, Rivera was still hurt: “When things started getting more mainstream, it was like, ‘We don’t need you no more'”. But, she added, “Hell hath no fury like a drag queen scorned”.
Legacy of Sylvia Rivera
Street sign in New York City’s Greenwich Village, named in Rivera’s honor
As an active member of the Metropolitan Community Church of New York, Rivera ministered through the Church’s food pantry, which provides food to hungry people. As well, recalling her life as a child on the streets, she remained a passionate advocate for queer youth. MCC New York has a food pantry called the Sylvia Rivera Food Pantry, and its queer youth shelter is called Sylvia’s Place, both in her honor.
Season 1, episode 1 and Season 3, episode 1 of the podcast Making Gay History are about her.
Named in her honor (and established in 2002), the Sylvia Rivera Law Project is dedicated “to guarantee that all people are free to self-determine gender identity and expression, regardless of income or race, and without facing harassment, discrimination or violence”.
In 2002, actor/comedian Jade Esteban Estrada portrayed Rivera in the well-received solo musical ICONS: The Lesbian and Gay History of the World, Vol. 1 (directed by Aliza Washabaugh-Durand and produced by Aliza Washabaugh-Durand and Christopher Durand) winning Rivera renewed national attention.
In 2005, the corner of Christopher and Hudson streets was renamed “Sylvia Rivera Way” in her honor. This intersection is in Greenwich Village, the neighborhood in New York City where Rivera started organizing, and is only two blocks from the Stonewall Inn.
In January 2007, a new musical based upon Rivera’s life, Sylvia So Far, premiered in New York at La Mama in a production starring Bianca Leigh as Rivera and Peter Proctor as Marsha P. Johnson. The composer and lyricist is Timothy Mathis (Wallflowers, Our Story Too, The Conjuring), a friend of Rivera’s in real life. The show moved off-Broadway in the winter of 2007/2008.
The Spring 2007 issue of CENTRO: Journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, which was dedicated to “Puerto Rican Queer Sexualities” and published at Hunter College, included a special dossier on Rivera, including a transcription of a talk by Rivera from 2001 as well as two academic essays exploring the intersections of Rivera’s trans and Latina identities. The articles in this journal issue complement other essays by Puerto Rican scholars who have also emphasized Rivera’s pioneering role.
In 2014, The Social Justice Hub at The New School’s newly opened University Center was named the Baldwin Rivera Boggs Center after activists James Baldwin, Sylvia Rivera, and Grace Lee Boggs.
In 2015, a portrait of Rivera was added to the National Portrait Gallery, making Rivera the first transgender activist to be featured in the gallery.
In 2016, Rivera was inducted into the Legacy Walk.
In 2018, Happy Birthday, Marsha! a short film about Rivera and Marsha P. Johnson, set in the hours before the 1969 Stonewall riots in New York City, was released.
A large, painted mural depicting Rivera and Marsha P. Johnson went on display in Dallas, Texas, in 2019 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots. The painting of the “two pioneers of the gay rights movement” in front of a transgender flag claims to be the world’s largest mural honoring the trans community.
In May 2019, it was announced that LGBT rights activists Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera would be commemorated with a monument in New York’s Greenwich Village, near the epicenter of the historic Stonewall riots. The monument was publicly announced on May 30, in honor of the 50th anniversary of Stonewall and just in time for Pride month.
In June 2019, the Italian city of Livorno dedicated a green area to Rivera, called Parco Sylvia Rivera.
In June 2019, Rivera was one of the inaugural fifty American “pioneers, trailblazers, and heroes” inducted on the National LGBTQ Wall of Honor within the Stonewall National Monument (SNM) in New York City’s Stonewall Inn. The SNM is the first U.S. national monument dedicated to LGBTQ rights and history, and the wall’s unveiling was timed to take place during the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots.
Marsha P Johnson Quotes on activism
1. “History isn’t something you look back at and say it was inevitable, it happens because people make decisions that are sometimes very impulsive and of the moment, but those moments are cumulative realities.” – Marsha P Johnson
2. “As long as gay people don’t have their rights all across America, there’s no reason for celebration.” – Marsha P Johnson
3. “There are a lot of gay transvestites who have been in jail for no reason at all.” – Marsha P Johnson
4. “STAR is a very revolutionary group. We believe in picking up the gun, starting a revolution if necessary. Our main goal is to see gay people liberated and free and have equal rights that other people have in America.” – Marsha P Johnson
5. “Now they got two little nice statues in Chariot Park to remember the gay movement. How many people have died for these two little statues to be put in the park for them to recognize gay people?” – Marsha P Johnson
6. “I know people think I’m a stupid little street queen out there begging for change cause there’s nothing else she knows how to do.” – Marsha P Johnson
7. “No pride for some of us without liberation for all of us.” – Marsha P Johnson
8. “I’d like to see the gay revolution get started… If a transvestite doesn’t say I’m gay and I’m proud and I’m a transvestite, then nobody else is going to hop up there and say I’m gay and I’m proud and I’m a transvestite for them.” – Marsha P Johnson
Marsha P Johnson quotes about people
9. “How many years has it taken people to realize that we are all brothers and sisters and human beings in the human race? I mean how many years does it take people to see that? We’re all in this rat race together!” – Marsha P Johnson
10. “I got robbed once. A man pulled a gun on me and snatched my pocketbook in a car. I don’t trust men that much anymore.” – Marsha P Johnson
11. “You never completely have your rights, one person, until you all have your rights.” – Marsha P Johnson
12. “A lot of times I’ve reached my hand out to people in the gay community that just didn’t have nobody to help them when they were down and out.” – Marsha P Johnson
Marsha P Johnson quotes
13. “I never come out of drag to go anywhere. Everywhere I go I get all dressed up.” – Marsha P Johnson
14. “I may be crazy, but that don’t make me wrong.” – Marsha P Johnson
15. “I’ll always be known reaching out to young people who have no one to help them out, so I help them out with a place to stay or some food to eat or some change for their pocket.” – Marsha P Johnson
16. “I might be loopy, however that doesn’t make me fallacious.” – Marsha P Johnson
17. “I was no one, nobody from Nowheresville, until I became a drag queen.” – Marsha P Johnson
18. I don’t think you should be ashamed of anybody that you know that has AIDS. You should stand as close to them as you can and help them out as much as you can. I’m a strong believer in that and that’s why I try to do that for everyone I know that has the virus.” – Marsha P Johnson
19. “I always just do drag. I never do it seriously.” – Marsha P Johnson
20. “Nobody promised you tomorrow.” – Marsha P Johnson
Sylvia Rivera Quotes
I was a radical, a revolutionist. I am still a revolutionist…I am glad I was in the Stonewall riot. I remember when someone threw a Molotov cocktail, I thought, “My god, the revolution is here. The revolution is finally here! Sylvia Rivera
Molotov Cocktail, Cocktails, Revolution
Hell hath no fury like a drag queen scorned. Sylvia Rivera
Some cities and counties have recognized Juneteenth through proclamation. In 2020, Juneteenth was formally recognized by New York City (as an annual official city holiday and public school holiday, starting in 2021), although in 2022 it will be observed as a school holiday on June 20th.
What is Juneteenth and why is it important?
Juneteenth is a holiday commemorating the end of slavery in the United States. It is also called Emancipation Day or Juneteenth Independence Day. The name “Juneteenth” references the date of the holiday, combining the words “June” and “nineteenth.
Why is Juneteenth called Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a 155-year-old holiday celebrating the emancipation of African-Americans from slavery in the U.S. It is celebrated on June 19 (the name is a combination of the words “June” and “nineteenth”) because on that date in 1865, Major General Gordon Granger of the Union Army landed in Galveston, Texas and ..
Which states recognize Juneteenth as a holiday? Juneteenth As A Holiday
Though not a federal holiday, 47 states and the District of Columbia recognize Juneteenth as a state or ceremonial holiday. The only three states that do not recognize the holiday are North Dakota, South Dakota and Hawaii. Texas was the first state to recognize the holiday in 198
Who invented Juneteenth?
Juneteenth traces its origins back to Galveston, Texas where on June 19, 1865 Union soldiers, led by Major Gen. Gordon Granger landed in the city with news that the Civil War had ended and slaves were now free. The announcement came two-and-a-half years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of Jan
Gordon Granger (November 6, 1821 – January 10, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War, where he distinguished himself at the Battle of Chickamauga. Granger is best remembered for his June 19, 1865 proclamation in Texas that all slaves are free, commemorated today by the Juneteenth celebration.
November 6, 1821 Joy, Wayne County, New York
January 10, 1876 (aged 54) Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory
Place of burial
Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Kentucky
United States of America Union
United States Army Union Army
Years of service
Army of Kentucky IV Corps XIII Corps Department of Texas District of New Mexico
Battle of Contreras
Battle of Churubusco
Battle of Chapultepec
American Civil War
Battle of Wilson’s Creek
Battle of New Madrid
Siege of Corinth
Battle of Chickamauga
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Mobile Bay
Battle of Fort Blakeley
When the war ended, Granger was given command of the District of Texas.On June 19, 1865 in the city of Galveston, one of the first orders of business was to read to the people of Texas Granger’s General Order No. 3 which began with:
The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection therefore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired laborer.
This set off joyous demonstrations by freedmen, originating the annual Juneteenth celebration, which commemorates the abolition of slavery in Texas.
Granger remained in the Army after mustering out from volunteer service. In July 1866, he was assigned as a colonel to the reconstituted 25th Infantry Regiment.
He was reassigned as colonel of the 15th Infantry Regiment, December 15, 1870. He was given command of the District of New Mexico, from April 29, 1871, to June 1, 1873. He was on sick leave of absence to October 31, 1875; and then was again in command of the District of New Mexico, October 31, 1875, to January 10, 1876.
On January 10, 1876, Granger died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he was serving in command of the District of New Mexico.He is buried at Lexington Cemetery in Kentucky.
What are the colors of Juneteenth?
“The design of the Juneteenth flag depicts a bursting new star on the horizon. The star represents a new freedom, a new people, a new star. The red, white and blue colors communicate that the American Slaves, and their descendants were all Americans.”
How do you honor Juneteenth?
An extended celebration could include artifacts, dance, skits, etc. The event should be celebratory, festive and in honor of African American history. Present co-workers with Juneteenth buttons, t-shirts, etc and encourage them to wear them the remainder of the day.
Coming up on June 19 is Juneteenth, an American holiday celebrated by Black Americans commemorating the anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation which was read aloud by Union general Gordon Granger in Galveston, Texas on June 19, 1865, two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln had formally freed the enslaved people. Because of how remote the state of Texas was and the low level of Union soldier troops, the People of Texas didn’t hear about the end of slavery until news of Robert E. Lee’s surrender on April 9, 1865, had reached the state almost a month later. Juneteenth food is full of symbolism.
“The design of the Juneteenth flag depicts a bursting new star on the horizon. The star represents a new freedom, a new people, a new star. Thered, white and blue colors communicate that the American Slaves, and their descendants were all Americans.
Red represents the millions of men and women who have lost their lives. Most recently, we remember not only civil rights leaders like Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., but also Black people who have been killed in recent years, including George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Trayvon Martin and Ahmaud Arbery.
Black represents melanin, the soil of the Nile valley and the unification of the African diaspora. “Black compels us to remember that we Black men and women are all unified as members of one family,” says the Pan-African Alliance.
Green stands for fertility, productivity and prosperity and the fertile cradle of Africa.
What does a red black and green American flag mean?
The colors of the flag are representative, as the red is for the blood, the black is for the people and the green is for the natural wealth of the Motherland, Africa.
What is red black green flag?
The Red, Black and Green flag is a representation of the African peoples, our struggle and our fight for liberation. The Red, Black and Green African Liberation flag is the universal flag of Black people and the Black Nation’s flag which is coincidentally tied to our Motherland which is Africa.
What is red soda Juneteenth?
Many people often celebrate Juneteenth by having a barbecue and drinking red strawberry soda. When the slaves were freed, they celebrated by drinking red soda, a luxury that they hadn’t been able to have as slaves. … The red colour symbolises perseverance and represents the struggle that the slaves endured.
Where is Juneteenth a holiday?
Juneteenth is officially a state holiday in Louisiana. Juneteenth, also known as “Freedom Day,” commemorates the end of slavery in the United States. On June 19, 1865, enslaved people in Galveston, Texas, learned that the Civil War had ended, and the Emancipation Proclamation had freed them nearly two years earlier.
What states recognize Juneteenth?
Juneteenth started in Galveston, Texas, but it is now recognized, in some form, as a day of observance in every state except Hawaii, North Dakota and South Dakota, according to a report compiled by the Congressional Research Service. The Texas state legislature was the first to officially recognize Juneteenth, in 1980
Is Juneteenth a new holiday?
10628) designating Juneteenth as an official public holiday in New York State. The new law celebrates Juneteenth, a day which commemorates the end to slavery and celebrates Black and African American freedom and achievements, while encouraging continuous self-development and respect for all cultures.
What food do you eat on Juneteenth?
Red foods are the most prominent feature on the Juneteenth menu.
Red Juneteenth Foods: Soda, punch, hibiscus tea, red velvet cake, red beans and rice, hot sauce, fruits (strawberry, watermelon)
For some, celebrating means drinking cold glasses of red drinks and feasting on watermelon or spicy red sausages, symbolizing the blood and resilience of former slaves. For others, it means indulging in traditional black Southern cuisine like fried chicken, collard greens and cornbread.
A Brief History of Juneteenth
The Emancipation Proclamation effectively freed American slaves in January of 1863, though in many cases, this fantastic news did not reach the slaves themselves. Things stayed as they were in highly confederate Texas, in particular. It wasn’t until more than two years later, in June of 1865, that Union soldiers reached the far southern town of Galveston, Texas, and took control of the state, finally and truly freeing Texas slaves. Those Union soldiers entered Galveston on June 18th and officially delivered the news of the slaves’ freedom there on the 19th, therefore the word “Juneteenth” was created to encompass this entire historic event. The holiday was mainly celebrated in Texas until the 1980s, when other states began recognizing its profound significance. Today, the June 19th celebration of African American freedom and togetherness is considered an official holiday in most states. It’s celebrated with all sorts of activities, including barbecues, block parties, rodeos, picnics and family reunions, nationwide.
Anything goes for this African American Independence Day of sorts. The key ingredients are food, family and your own your brand of fun. Following are a few ways to add deeper meaning to your freedom celebration:
Strong Words Take inspiration in the uplifting and powerful words of famous African Americans, such as Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou and Martin Luther King, Jr. Designate a few minutes at your gathering for a specially chosen reading.
Family First Slavery often split up families, and the lucky ones were reunited following the events celebrated by Juneteenth. Honor family bonds with stories and photo albums. Track down gaps in the family tree. Snap a family photo to preserve the day for future generations.
Celebrate with Song Music was an important part of slave life that eased the burden of work, entertained during free time, and helped maintain hope and faith during worship. Carefully craft your event’s background music. Compile a mix or playlist featuring classic gospel, work or recreation songs—or all three.
How to Celebrate Juneteenth
Juneteenth is a joyous time to spend with family and friends. It’s also a great time to reflect and educate others about this holiday. Most people like to celebrate this holiday by having family cookouts and attending events to honor African American history. To celebrate this momentous occasion, my family likes to have a Juneteenth cookout.
HOMEMADE STRAWBERRY SODA (NO MACHINE NEEDED)
Bubbly, sweet & fresh strawberry soda made with simple ingredients! Loaded with authentic strawberry flavor and natural color.
Cuisine American, southern
Keyword club soda, soda, strawberries, sugar
Prep Time 10minutes
Cook Time 15minutes
Total Time 25minutes
1lb.strawberriesrinsed, hulled, and diced
1½cups granulated sugar(can use less if desired)
Club Soda, chilled*see note*
Place the strawberries, water, and sugar in a large saucepan. Stir.
Bring to a simmer over medium heat.
When strawberries are soft, mash them with a potato masher.
Let strawberries continue to simmer gently until the juices begin to reduce, thicken and become syrupy. (reduce heat if needed)
Strain mixture through a mesh strainer, using a rubber spatula to press out the excess syrup. Discard the pulp. (You should have about 1 ¼ cups of syrup.)
Let syrup mixture cool and then place in the refrigerator until chilled.
To make a glass of soda, pour 8 oz of cold club soda into a cup. Stir in the chilled strawberry syrup by the tablespoon, tasting until you’ve reached your desired sweetness.
Place leftover syrup in a jar and store it in the fridge.
This recipe makes about 1 1/4 cups of strawberry soda. Serving size depends on how many tablespoons of syrup you use per cup. (I usually like about 4-5 tablespoons per 8 oz club soda)
Grilled Chicken with Citrus-BBQ Glaze
Active:35 mins Total:1 hr 15 mins Servings:4
EatingWellGrilled Chicken with Citrus-BBQ GlazeThis healthy barbecue chicken recipe is easy to make and is packed with so much flavor, thanks to the sweetness from orange zest and juice. You can make this recipe with whole chicken legs or all drumsticks or thighs.
.Active:35 mins Total:1 hr 15 mins Servings: 4
1 cup barbecue sauce
Zest of 1 orange
¼ cup freshly squeezed orange juice
3 tablespoons olive oil
1 tablespoon garlic powder
½ teaspoon paprika
½ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon ground pepper
4 chicken leg quarters (about 4 pounds)
Chopped parsley for garnish
1 navel orange, sliced, for garnish
Step 1 Whisk barbecue sauce, orange zest, orange juice, oil, garlic powder, paprika, salt and pepper in a large bowl. Remove 1/2 cup sauce for basting. Add chicken pieces to the remaining sauce in the bowl and toss to coat well. Refrigerate for at least 15 minutes.
Step 2 Preheat grill to medium heat (325°F). Grill chicken for 5 minutes per side, basting with the reserved sauce once. Reduce heat to medium-low and continue grilling and basting often until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest parts registers 165°F, 15 to 20 minutes more. (Discard any remaining marinade.)
Step 3 Serve sprinkled with parsley and garnished with orange slices, if desired.
Spicy Grilled Corn on the Cob
This grilled corn on the cob is a real summertime treat. It’s basted with a spicy butter blend and grilled to perfection in about 20 minutes.
1 hr 35 mins
5 ears corn with husks
6 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
½ teaspoon garlic powder
½ teaspoon paprika
½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
½ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon ground pepper
Step 1 Carefully pull back cornhusks, remove the silk and fold the husks back over the cobs. Soak the corn in a large bowl of water for at least 1 hour.
Step 2 Preheat grill to low heat (300°F). Combine butter, garlic powder, paprika, cayenne, salt and pepper in a small bowl.
Step 3 Remove the corn from the water and pat dry with a clean towel. Pull the husks back and brush the kernels with the butter mixture, then cover again with the husks. Grill the corn, turning a few times, until tender and slightly charred, 15 to 20 minutes. To serve, pull back the husks and tie them together with kitchen twine.
Honey and Buttermilk Cornbread
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 25 minutes
1 and 1/2 cup of Cornmeal
1 cup of Flour
1/2 cup of Sugar
4 tsp Baking Powder
1 tsp of Salt
1/4 cup of Butter
2 cups of Buttermilk
1/4 cup of Honey
Preheat oven to 425 degrees.
Combine dry ingredients- cornmeal , flour, baking powder, sugar, and salt in a mixing bowl.
Melt half of the butter and add to mixture.
Add cracked egg, buttermilk, and half of the honey to mixture and mix thoroughly.
Pour cornbread batter into lightly oiled cast ironed skillet.
Bake for 20-25 minutes or until golden brown.
Remove from oven and spread the remaining butter and honey on the top of the cornbread.
Homemade chicken and waffles
Homemade chicken and waffles has never looked better; super crispy and perfectly flavored buttermilk fried chicken paired with fluffy and tender golden waffles! The most perfect pairing!
3 lb chicken tenderloins (about 18–21 pieces)
3 cup whole buttermilk
3 teaspoon kosher salt
3 teaspoon garlic powder
3 teaspoon onion powder
1 1/2 teaspoon white pepper
1 1/2 teaspoon smoked paprika
Vegetable oil (about 1.5 quarts), for frying
Buttermilk Waffles, click link for full waffles recipe
pure maple syrup, for serving
Seasoned Flour Mixture
3 cup all-purpose flour
3 teaspoon kosher salt
3 teaspoon garlic powder
1 1/2 teaspoon onion powder
1 1/2 teaspoon white pepper
1 1/2 teaspoon smoked paprika
To make buttermilk mixture; combine buttermilk, salt, garlic powder, onion powder, white pepper and smoked paprika together in a large bowl. Stir to fully incorporate and add in chicken tenderloins. Be sure all chicken pieces are saturated in mixture.
Cover bowl with plastic wrap and let chicken marinate in mixture overnight in the fridge.
In a a large cast iron/dutch oven, heat up oil. Allow oil to reach at least 350°F for optimum frying levels. If you do not have a deep fry thermometer, take the end of a wooden spoon and dip it into the hot oil. If bubbles form around spoon, oil is hot and ready. If oil is bubbling hard, then oil is too hot and let cool.
To make seasoned flour: in a shallow pie plate or medium bowl, whisk together flour and seasonings.
Take each chicken piece and shake off excess buttermilk mixture, then dip into seasoned flour and coat chicken all over, shaking off any excess. Fry each piece of chicken until golden brown and crispy, about 7-10 minutes, or until cooked through completely. Careful not to overcrowd pan, fry in batches if you need to.
Lay cooked chicken on a rimmed baking sheet fitted with a wire rack and let cool.
Make buttermilk waffles and top waffles with chicken and maple syrup. Enjoy!
HOMEMADE BUTTERMILK WAFFLES
Deliciously fluffy and tenderly crisp homemade buttermilk waffles that everyone will love! The most perfect and flavorful waffles to whip up at home for breakfast or any occasion. And super easy to make!
BUTTERMILK WAFFLES INGREDIENTS
cornmeal (either coarse or fine)
In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, cornmeal, baking powder, baking soda, sugar, and salt and then set bow aside. In another large bowl, whisk eggs together. Then pour in buttermilk and and vanilla extract and whisk to combine.
Gently add dry ingredients into wet ingredients and mix together until just combined. Pour in melted butter and again mix until just combined.
Heat up your waffle maker according to the manufacturers instructions. Once waffle maker is hot, lightly spray with cooking spray and pour batter in leaving a 1-inch border as batter will spread out.
Cook waffles until golden and crispy, about 3-5 minutes depending on your waffle maker. Place cooked waffles onto a plate and repeat process with any remaining batter.
Enjoy warm with extra butter and syrup, if desired.
Easy Crawfish Étouffée Recipe
prep time:5 MINUTES
cook time:25 MINUTES
total time:30 MINUTES
This easy crawfish etoufee recipe is a quick weeknight meal with tons of flavor. This Louisiana dish is sure to be one to add variety to the dinner table.
3 tbsp flour
4 tbsp of butter, divided
1 1/2 cup of half and half
1/2 medium onion, chopped
1 cup of chopped bell pepper (I like to use a mixture of red, green, and yellow)
1 celery stalk, finely chopped
1/4 cup of freshly chopped parsley (or 1 tbsp of dried parsley)
2 cloves of garlic finely chopped
3 tbsp of tomato paste
2 cups of water (or seafood stock)
1 1/2 tbsp of Cajun Seasoning (I use Tony Chachere’s)
Salt and pepper
A half of lemon
1 pound (16 oz.) peeled crawfish tails
1 green onion stalk, sliced for garnishing
Put flour and butter in pot and cook for 5 minutes.
Add the onion, pepper, celery, parsley, and garlic. Saute for 2 minutes.
Pour in half and half and whisk until there are no lumps.
Add the tomato paste and whisk.
Add 1 cup of the water or stock and whisk until smooth. Let cook for 2 minutes stirring often.
Pour in the other cup of the water/stock and stir. If this is the desired consistency you would like, there is no need to add any additional water or stock. If you would like the etoufee to be thinner pour a little more water at a time.
Add cajun seasoning. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
Add the crawfish tails into the pot and squeeze the lemon juice on top and stir.
Allow the crawfish to warm in the pot for about 4-5 minutes, then serve with rice and sprinkle with sliced green onions.
1 In 8-quart stockpot, stir onions, garlic, sugar, pepper flakes, black pepper, broth and vinegar until well blended. Add turkey and collard greens. (Greens may fill pot but will quickly wilt.) Heat to boiling. Reduce heat to low. Cover; simmer 50 minutes.
2 Stir in bell peppers. Cover; simmer 10 minutes longer or until greens and bell peppers are tender.
3 Remove turkey from broth mixture. Cool turkey about 10 minutes or just cool enough to handle. Remove bones from turkey; cut turkey into bite-size pieces. Return turkey meat to broth mixtur
Makes about 2 quarts
2 hours 40 minutes, plus overnight time
1 small green cabbage (about 2 lb.), chopped into ½” pieces (about 10 cups)2 large green tomatoes, cut into ½” pieces
1 large sweet onion, cut into ½” pieces
1 large green bell pepper, seeds and ribs removed, cut into ½” pieces
1 large red bell pepper, seeds and ribs removed, cut into ½” pieces
2 Tbsp. pickling salt or 3 Tbsp. kosher salt
1 Tbsp. yellow mustard seeds
1½ cups apple cider vinegar
1½ cups distilled white vinegar
2 cups cane sugar (such as Wholesome) or raw sugar
1 Tbsp. yellow mustard
1 tsp. ground turmeric
2 garlic cloves, finely chopped
Toss cabbage, green tomatoes, onion, bell peppers, and salt in a large bowl until all of the vegetables are coated in salt (this will help them release some water). Cover and chill at least 8 hours and up to 12 hours. Drain vegetables.
Toast mustard seeds in a large pot over medium-high heat, shaking pan, until fragrant and slightly darkened in color, about 2 minutes. Add both vinegars, sugar, mustard, and turmeric. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat to medium-low and simmer 10 minutes.
Add garlic and drained vegetables to pickling liquid and mix well. Increase heat to medium-high and bring to a boil; cook 5 minutes. Reduce heat to medium-low and simmer until flavors have melded and liquid is slightly reduced, about 15 minutes. The cabbage and green tomatoes should still have a bit of a crunch. Let cool (this will take about 1 hour).
Using a slotted spoon, divide chowchow among sterilized glass jars of choice and spoon pickling liquid over (chowchow should be submerged and there should be about ½” space at the top of each jar. Cover and chill.
Do ahead: Chowchow can be made 1 month ahead. Keep chilled. If you’d like to keep it longer, you can use the water bath boiling technique to make the jarred chow chow shelf stable.
Makes about 2 dozen tea cakes
3 cups all-purpose flour, plus more for the work surface
1 teaspoon baking powder
¼ teaspoon baking soda
½ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon ground or freshly grated nutmeg
1 stick (4 ounces) butter, at room temperature
1 cup sugar
2 large eggs
¼ cup buttermilk
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
Demerara sugar, for sprinkling
In a bowl, whisk together the flour,baking powder, baking soda, salt, and nutmeg.
In a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, cream together the butter and sugar on medium speed until light and fluffy, 2 to 3 minutes. Scrape down the sides of the bowl. Add the eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Scrape down the sides of the bowl again, then beat in the buttermilk and vanilla.
Gradually add the flour mixture, beating just until smooth and well blended. Divide the dough in half. Flatten each half into a disc. Wrap in plastic and refrigerate until chilled and slightly stiff, at least 1 hour, but overnight ideally.
Preheat the oven to 375°F. Line baking sheets with parchment paper.
On a lightly floured surface, working with one portion at a time, roll the dough to a ¼-inch thickness. Cut with a floured 1½-inch round biscuit cutter. Gather the scraps, reroll, and cut again. Sprinkle lightly with demerara sugar. Transfer the tea cakes to the baking sheets and space them about 1 inch apart.
Bake until the tea cakes are lightly browned, 8 to 10 minutes. Cool on the pan for 1 minute, then transfer to a wire rack to cool completely. The tea cakes will keep for about 2 weeks in an airtight container.
Fried Green Tomatoes
2 large green tomatoes (1 pound), cleaned and sliced into ½-inch slices
1 teaspoon plus ¼ teaspoon coarse salt, divided
1 teaspoon plus ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper, divided
¾ cup buttermilk
½ cup fine cornmeal
½ cup all-purpose flour
¼ teaspoon onion powder
¼ teaspoon smoked paprika
¼ teaspoon red pepper flakes
1½ cups sunflower oil
Sprinkle tomato slices with 1 teaspoon salt and 1 teaspoon pepper, pour buttermilk into a shallow bowl. Place the tomatoes in and soak for 15 minutes.
Combine ¼ teaspoon salt, ¼ teaspoon pepper, cornmeal, flour, onion powder, smoked paprika, and red pepper flakes in a large bowl. Whisk well. Dredge both sides of the tomatoes in the mixture.
Place oil in a large skillet over high heat. Heat until an instant-read thermometer reads 350°F. Carefully drop tomatoes in the oil (work in batches). Cook about a minute on each side or until golden brown. Remember to let the oil reach the 350°F mark before dropping more fritters, and don’t crowd the pan.
Transfer to jelly roll sheet with cooling rack on top.
Boost the flavor with a dollop of basil goat cheese. Mix together 4 ounces goat cheese or chevre and 3 shredded fresh basil leaves. Finish with a small pinch of black pepper. Top a few tomatoes with the mixture.
4 medium chunks hickory wood, soaked in water for at least 2 hours (if using a charcoal grill) or 4 cups (1 L) hickory wood chips, soaked in water for at least 2 hours (if using a gas grill)
3⁄4 cup (185 mL) apple cider
1⁄2 cup (125 mL) ketchup
3 Tbsp (45 mL) red wine vinegar
1 Tbsp (15 mL) Dijon mustard
2 tsp (10 mL) light soy sauce
1 tsp (5 mL) Worcestershire sauce
1 tsp (5 mL) molasses
1⁄2 tsp (2 mL) ancho chili powder
1⁄2 tsp (2 mL) ground cumin
1⁄2 tsp (2 mL) minced garlic
1⁄4 tsp (1 mL) freshly ground black pepper
The Rainford Method
For the ribs, stir together the sugar, salt, smoked paprika, chili powder, regular paprika, onion powder, black pepper and thyme. Set aside.
With a small, sharp knife, release the edge of the membrane on the back of each rack of ribs. Grasp the edge with needle-nose pliers or a piece of paper towel and peel the membrane off the rack. (If you leave the membrane on, the ribs will be chewy.)
Spread the dry rub all over each rack of ribs until completely coated. Make sure you press the dry rub into the meat. This is where your flavor is going to come from. Arrange the ribs in a rib rack, with all the racks facing the same direction. A rib rack has 8 slab compartments, looks like a rack of coat hangers and can be purchased at most barbecue stores.
Fire up your charcoal grill and prep the grill for cooking over indirect heat. You need a low temperature of around 250 to 300°F (120 to 150°C) to grill the ribs. For gas grills, preheat the grill to low then turn off one side of the grill to achieve indirect heat. Place a drip tray on the cooler side of the grate and half fill the pan with warm water or the beer of your choice.
Drain 2 chunks of hickory, place them on top of the charcoal and set the grate in place. For gas barbecues, place half of the hickory chips in a foil pouch and place the pouch directly on the heated side of the grill. Wait for the hickory to start to smoke.
Place the rib racks over indirect heat as far from the heat as possible, with the bone sides facing toward the heat. Close the lid and close the top vent on a charcoal grill about halfway. This will maintain a temperature between 250 and 300°F (120 and 150°C). Cook the ribs for 2 hours.
Once the ribs are on, it’s time to start working on the barbecue sauce. If you have a side burner this can be done outside. If you don’t, go inside and use your stove top to simmer your sauce. Combine all the ingredients in a small saucepan set over medium heat. Simmer for 20 to 30 minutes or until the sauce reaches a glaze consistency. Remove the saucepan from the heat and set aside to cool.
The first batch of charcoal should be cooling down after 2 hours. Now is the time to use your chimney starter and get another batch of charcoal lit. Add the remaining wood chunks to the coals to get a little more smoke. If using a gas grill, wrap the remaining chips in foil and place directly on the hotter side of the grate. Close the lid and grill for another 2 hours. Make sure to come back every hour on the hour to check the temperature and to add more charcoal, if necessary.
In the last hour of grilling, your ribs will start to show signs of cooking all the way through. When the meat pulls back from the bone, the ribs are almost ready. Baste the ribs with the barbecue sauce during the last 5 to 10 minutes of cooking.
Take them off the grill and let them rest, loosely covered with foil, for 10 minutes.
Red Velvet Cake With Cream Cheese Icing and Pecans
2½ cups cake flour
½ teaspoon baking soda
2 large eggs, at room temperature
1½ cups sugar
1½ cups vegetable oil
2 tablespoons distilled white vinegar
1 cup buttermilk
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
3 tablespoons red food coloring (from two 1-ounce bottles)
1 (1-pound) box confectioners’ sugar, sifted
1 (8-ounce) package cream cheese, softened
1 stick (8 tablespoons) butter, softened
1 cup chopped pecans
To make the cake: Set the oven to 350°F and adjust the rack positions to the middle and top third. Spray three 8-inch round cake pans well with baking spray.
Sift the flour with the baking soda.
In a large bowl, with an electric mixer on medium speed, beat the eggs well, then beat in the sugar, oil, and vinegar. On low speed, slowly add the flour and beat in well. Add the buttermilk slowly, then the vanilla, and then the food coloring.
Pour the batter evenly into the pans and rap them on the countertop several times to eliminate any air bubbles. Bake for 12 minutes, then rotate the pans from shelf to shelf so they bake evenly and bake until the tops spring back when lightly touched, about 25 minutes altogether. Let the cakes cool in the pans on racks for 15 minutes.
Run a knife around the sides of the pans and invert the cakes onto the racks to cool completely. Once they’re cool, refrigerate the cakes for 20 to 30 minutes to make icing them easier.
To make the icing: Combine everything in a medium bowl and mix well until very smooth. It’s best to use the icing right away, when it’s soft and spreadable.
Put one cake layer upside down on a cake plate or cake stand and cover the top evenly with frosting. Add a second layer, right side up, and spread with more frosting. Top with the third layer, right side up, and spread the frosting evenly around the sides of the cake and on top; check for any places where you can see through to the cake. Finally, sprinkle the pecans evenly all over the top of the cake.
Once the frosting sets, cut into slices to serve. This cake keeps for up to 2 weeks in a cake keeper, but once it’s ready, people want to dive right in.
Pulled Pork Sandwiches
For the Pork:
4 tablespoons sweet paprika
2 tablespoons chili powder
2 tablespoons ground cumin
2 tablespoons dark brown sugar
2 tablespoons salt
1 tablespoon dried oregano
1 tablespoon sugar
2 tablespoons ground black pepper
2 teaspoons cayenne pepper
1 bone-in pork roast, preferably Boston butt (6-8 pounds)
Easy Barbecue Sauce:
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 onion, finely chopped
3 garlic cloves, minced
1½ cups ketchup
½ cup cider vinegar
¼ cup Worcestershire sauce
⅓ cup sugar
1 tablespoon chili powder
½ teaspoon cayenne pepper
Add paprika, chili powder, cumin, brown sugar, salt, oregano, sugar, black pepper, and cayenne pepper to a small bowl and mix to combine. Rub the mixture into the pork roast, then wrap meat tightly with two layers of plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 3 hours.
About 1 hour prior to cooking, unwrap the roast and let it come to room temperature. At the same time, soak 3-4 cups of wood chunks in cold water and then drain.
Heat the vegetable oil in a saucepan over medium heat, then cook the onion and garlic for about 5 minutes. Add the ketchup, vinegar, Worcestershire sauce, sugar, chili powder, and cayenne pepper, then reduce the heat and simmer until the sauce has thickened, about 20 minutes. Transfer to a bowl and set aside.
Preheat grill to high. Place the wood chips in a smoker box or vented foil pouch and heat until they begin to smoke. Turn the heat down to medium. When your grill is about 250 degrees, place the pork on the grill and cook until it is fork-tender and the internal temperature reaches 165 degrees, about 5-6 hours. Rotate the meat every 45 minutes.
Transfer the pork to a rimmed baking sheet. When cool enough to handle, use two large forks to shred the meat into bite-size pieces. Mound the meat onto a platter and toss with 1 cup of the barbecue sauce. Serve the remaining sauce with the buns of your choice.
12 to 14 cups water, fish stock, or seafood stock
4 bay leaves
¼ cup plus 2 tablespoons Old Bay seasoning
1 cup chopped celery
1 cup chopped onions
½ cup whole peeled garlic cloves
3 whole bird’s-eye chiles
1 pound small red potatoes, scrubbed, or 6 purple yams, cut into 2-inch chunks
1 pound smoked hot sausage links or chicken sage sausage, cut into 2-inch pieces
6 ears corn, shucked and quartered
2 pounds shell-on large shrimp
2 pounds shelled scallops
1 cup dry white wine
Salt and pepper
Coarsely chopped fresh cilantro, for garnish
In a large stockpot, combine 12 cups of the water or stock, the bay leaves, Old Bay, celery, onions, garlic, and chiles and bring to a boil over high heat. Add the potatoes and cook until tender, about 15 minutes.
Add the sausage and cook until heated through, about 5 minutes. Add the corn and cook until just tender, about 3 minutes. Stir in the shrimp, scallops, and wine and cook until the shrimp are cooked through, about 4 minutes. Season with salt and pepper and pour the stew into a large serving bowl. For more casual gatherings, serve directly from the pot on the stove. Garnish each serving with cilantro and serve immediately.
Sautéed Collard Greens and Sweet Onion with Paprika
1/4 cup olive oil
1 medium sweet onion, such as Vidalia or Maui, thinly sliced
1 teaspoon paprika
12 cups thinly sliced collard green leaves (from about 3 small or 2 large bunches)
3 tablespoons coconut vinegar
Heat oil in a large skillet over medium. Cook onion, stirring often, until translucent and starting to brown around the edges, 5–8 minutes. Stir in paprika; season with salt. Add collard greens a handful at a time, stirring to wilt after each addition before adding more; cook until all greens are wilted but still somewhat firm, about 4 minutes. Stir in vinegar. Taste and add more salt if needed.
Red Velvet Cake With Blackberry–Cream Cheese Whipped Frosting
2 ½ cups sifted all-purpose flour
2 cups granulated sugar
2 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon salt
1 ⅓ cups vegetable oil
1 cup buttermilk, room temperature
2 large eggs, room temperature
¼ cup strong coffee, hot
1 tablespoon vanilla extract
1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar
1 ounce liquid red food coloring
3 cups fresh blackberries
½ cup granulated sugar
3 tablespoons fresh lime juice
1/4 teaspoon cornstarch
Cream Cheese Whipped Frosting:
2 (8-ounce) packages cream cheese, room temperature
¾ cup confectioners’ sugar
1 cup heavy cream, cold
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 cup fresh blackberries, for garnish
For the cake:
Preheat your oven to 325°F. Liberally prepare 3 9-inch round cake pans with the nonstick method of your choice.
In the bowl of your stand mixer fitted with the whisk attachment, add the flour, granulated sugar, cocoa powder, baking soda, and salt and mix on low speed. Slowly add the oil and buttermilk.
Increase the speed to medium-low and add the eggs 1 at a time, combining well after each addition and scraping down the sides and bottom of the bowl as needed. Slowly add the coffee, vanilla extract, vinegar, and food coloring. Scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl and mix the batter until just combined. Be careful not to overmix.
Evenly pour the batter into the prepared pans and bake for 20 to 27 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center of a layer comes out clean. Do not overbake.
Let the layers cool in the pans for 10 minutes, then invert onto wire racks. Let cool to room temperature. Lightly cover the cakes with foil or plastic wrap so they do not dry out.
For the blackberry compote:
In a medium saucepan over medium heat, warm the blackberries, granulated sugar, lime juice, and salt. Once the blackberries begin releasing their juices and the liquid begins to boil, after about 8 to 12 minutes, use a pastry cutter or fork to mash 1/2 of the berries. Leave the rest whole.
Stir in the cornstarch and continue to cook at a boil, allowing the juices to cook down and thicken. The compote is ready when the liquid coats and completely sticks to the back of a spoon. Remove from the heat. Let cool to room temperature.
For the frosting:
Clean your stand mixer bowl and whisk attachment. Beat the cream cheese on high speed until it begins to thicken and become fluffy.
Turn your mixer down to low speed and carefully add the confectioners’ sugar. Once the sugar is fully incorporated, turn your mixer speed back up and continue whipping. Add the heavy cream, vanilla extract, and salt. Continue to whip until the frosting is smooth, light, and fluffy. Refrigerate the buttercream for 30 minutes to firm it up.
Once the layers are completely cooled, place 1 layer on a serving plate. Spread just the top with ⅓ of the frosting. Add ⅓ of the compote over the frosting. Using a butter knife or skewer, swirl the compote into the frosting. Add the second layer and spread with another ⅓ of the frosting. Add ⅓ of the compote, swirling the compote into the frosting again. Add the final layer, bottom-side up, and top with the remaining frosting. Add the rest of the compote and repeat the swirling process. Do not frost the side of the cake. Garnish with the whole blackberries. Serve at room temperature. Store in the refrigerator.
Juneteenth Strawberry Soda
1-liter strawberry soda or lemon-lime soda
1 1/2 cups strawberry lemonade mix
1 cup homemade strawberry syrup
1 pint fresh strawberries, washed and sliced in half
fresh sprigs of mint
Sidebar: To create an adult cocktail add 1 1/2 – 2 cups of your favorite vodka or strawberry-infused vodka, strawberry spritz (made with strawberry and coconut flavors), or strawberry liqueur.
Bring water or vegetable broth to boil in a large pot. Add sorghum. Keep the pot on high heat and continue boiling for another 5 minutes. Then reduce the heat to low, cover the pod and let everything simmer for 1 hour. It will need little attention, just peek in occasionally and give it a stir so the sorghum doesn’t get lonely and there’s still plenty of liquid in the pot.
After an hour, grains should be tender and plump. Pour off any liquid the grains haven’t absorbed. Toss sorghum with coconut oil, cumin and lemon juice. Season generously with sea salt and freshly ground pepper.
Meanwhile, spread chopped sweet potato onto a rimmed baking sheet. Drizzle with 1 tablespoon of the olive oil and sprinkle with a little sea salt.
Roast sweet potato in the oven for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent charring. When sweet potato is tender and darkened at the edges, remove from oven and set aside.
In a good-sized soup pot, heat the remaining tablespoon of olive oil over medium-high heat. When it starts to shimmer, add the chopped onion. Stir and cook for a few minutes, until onion starts to turn translucent. Then add minced garlic and jalapeno, chopped red pepper and celery. Stir and cook for 8 to 10 minutes, or until vegetables soften and become fragrant.
Stir in the cooked black-eyed peas, the chopped tomatoes, paprika and turmeric. Cover and simmer for 20 to 30 minutes.
Remove the lid and add the sorghum syrup or molasses to balance flavors. Add fresh thyme leaves and season to taste with sea salt and pepper.
Wash the collards well. Blot dry. Slice out the thick central stems and discard (or reserve them to make broth later). Stack the collard leaves and roll them up widthwise, forming a tight collard cigar. Using your sharpest knife, slice across as thinly as possible, forming skinny ribbons — collard tinsel — or to use the proper culinary term, chiffonade. Alternately, using the shredding disc, shred the collards in a food processor. You’ll have roughly 2 cups of greens.
Scoop the collards into a large bowl. Add the minced garlic, lemon juice and olive oil. Toss to combine. Season with sea salt and pepper.
To serve, scatter a spoon or two of collards into bowls. Spoon sorghum to cover. Top with chopped sweet potato, a few more shreds of collards and a good ladle or two of black-eyed peas. Sprinkle with chopped peanuts and enjoy.
Hibiscus Watermelon Whiskey Smash
SOUL FOOD COLLARD GREENS
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 small white onion finely diced
3 cloves garlic minced
3 cups chicken broth
1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
1 large smoked turkey leg fully cooked
32 oz. collard greens thoroughly washed and cut into strips.
salt & pepper
In a large deep skillet or pot, heat olive oil on medium heat.
Add in onions and cook until tender.
Stir in garlic and cook until fragrant.
Add chicken broth, red pepper flakes and smoked turkey.
Bring to a boil and reduce heat.
Cover and boil lightly for about 20-30 minutes.
Remove turkey leg and let cool.
Remove meat from bone and cut into bite-size pieces.
Return meat and skin back to the pot.
Simmer for 10 minutes.
Add collard greens to pot, pushing them down if needed.
When greens begin to wilt down, cover and simmer for up to 60 minutes or until your desired texture is reached, stirring occasionally.
Add salt and pepper if desired.
Plate the greens and pour on a few drops of hot sauce.
Grilled Pork Spareribs With Soda Bottle Barbecue Sauce
4 hours, including chill time
¼ cup Diamond Crystal or 2 Tbsp. Morton kosher salt
2 tsp. dark brown sugar
1 tsp. coarsely ground black pepper
1 tsp. granulated garlic
1 tsp. paprika
½ tsp. cayenne pepper
1 rack St. Louis–style pork spareribs (2½–3½ lb.)
½ cup Spicy Cola Barbecue Sauce or Ginger-Mustard Barbecue Sauce, plus more for serving
Vegetable oil (for grill)
Mix salt, brown sugar, black pepper, granulated garlic, paprika, and cayenne in a small bowl.
Place spareribs on a rimmed baking sheet; pat dry with paper towels. Using a paring knife, remove silver skin from underside. (It should come off in a single sheet; start to separate it with the tip of your knife, then pull away with your hand. Removing the silver skin allows the dry rub and barbecue sauce to penetrate the meat; if you purchased ribs from a butcher, the silver skin may have already been removed.) Sprinkle dry rub all over ribs, patting to adhere. Using your hands, spread a thin layer of barbecue sauce all over ribs. Wrap in foil and chill at least 2 hours and up to 1 day.
Prepare a grill for medium indirect heat (for a charcoal grill, bank coals on one side of grill; for a gas grill, leave one or two burners off); oil grate. Strive to maintain a grill temperature between 280°F and 300°F. Place foil-wrapped ribs, bone side up, on grate over indirect heat. Cover and grill 30 minutes. Uncover grill and turn ribs over. Cover and grill until a meat thermometer inserted into the thickest part of ribs registers 145°F–160°F (peel back foil as needed to check), 20–30 minutes.
Unwrap ribs and brush on both sides with more barbecue sauce. Grill, bone side up, uncovered, until sauce darkens and meat very tender and falling off the bones, 10–12 minutes. Using large tongs, carefully transfer ribs to a cutting board. Let rest 5–7 minutes before cutting between bones into individual ribs.
Serve ribs with remaining barbecue sauce on the side.
Cornbread Muffins With Whipped Sweet Corn
Makes 9 muffins
3 tablespoons coconut oil, plus more for greasing
6 pitted Medjool dates
¾ cup medium-grind yellow cornmeal
¾ cup flour
2 tablespoons coconut palm sugar
1 tablespoon baking powder
½ teaspoon fine sea salt
2 heaping tablespoons freshly ground golden flax seeds
1 cup unsweetened oat milk
Whipped Sweet Corn:
3 tablespoons vegan butter
¼ cup finely diced white onion
2 cups fresh corn kernels (from about 3 ears)
2 teaspoons coconut palm sugar
¼ teaspoon kosher salt, plus more as needed
½ cup Cashew Cream
Fresh lemon juice
Freshly ground white pepper
Jalapeño Pepper Jelly, for serving
Make the muffins: Preheat the oven to 400°F. Generously coat ninewells of a standard muffin tin with coconut oil.
Put the dates in a small heatproof bowl and cover with boiling water. Let soak for about 5 minutes. Drain the dates, reserving the soaking liquid, and transfer them to a food processor. Add 1 tablespoon of the reserved soaking liquid and process, scraping down the sides and adding more of the reserved soaking liquid if necessary, until mostly creamy but with a few chunks remaining.
Place the prepared muffin tin in the oven to heat for 5 minutes. Meanwhile, in a large bowl, sift together the cornmeal, flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. Whisk until blended.
Put the flaxseeds and 6 tablespoons water in a medium bowl and whisk until well blended. Whisk in the pureed dates and the coconut oil until smooth. Whisk in the oat milk until well combined. Add the oat milk mixture to the cornmeal mixture and stir until just combined.
When the muffin tin is hot, remove it from the oven and immediately scrape the batter into the prepared muffin cups, distributing it evenly among them (they should be a little over three-quarters full).
Bake until the muffins are golden brown, 16 to 18 minutes. Let cool in the tin for about 10 minutes, then transfer to a wire rack to cool a bit more.
Make the whipped sweet corn: While the muffins are cooling, in a large skillet, melt the butter over medium heat. Add the onion and sauté, stirring often, until soft, 3 to 5 minutes. Add the corn, sugar, and salt and cook, stirring often, until the corn is just tender, about 5 minutes.
Scrape the contents of the skillet into a food processor. Add the cashew cream and process until silky smooth, adding water as necessary to reach the desired consistency. Taste and season with lemon juice, salt, and white pepper. Transfer to a serving bowl. Serve the warm muffins slathered with whipped sweet corn and topped with pepper jelly.
Make about 1 cup
1 cup raw cashews, soaked in water overnight and drained well
Combine the cashews and ½ cup water in a blender and blend until smooth and creamy. Use immediately or store in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 4 days.
Jalapeño Pepper Jelly
makes about 3 cups (three ½-pint jars)
½ cup coarsely chopped seeded jalapeños (about 3 medium)
½ cup coarsely chopped green bell pepper
3 cups organic cane sugar
½ cup apple cider vinegar
1 (3-ounce) package liquid pectin
Sterilize three ½-pint jars and their lids or similarly sized lidded storage containers.
In a food processor, combine the jalapeños and the bell pepper and process, scraping down the sides as needed, until the peppers are very finely chopped, 15 to 20 seconds. (They will let off quite a bit of liquid; this is okay.)
Transfer the contents of the food processor to a 4-quart stainless-steel or enameled Dutch oven. Add the sugar and vinegar and bring to a rolling boil over medium-high heat, stirring continuously. Boil, still stirring, for 3 minutes, then squeeze in the pectin. Return the mixture to a rolling boil, stirring continuously, and cook for 1 minute. Immediately remove from the heat and let rest until the foam has settled, about 1 minute. Skim off and discard any remaining foam.
Spoon the jelly into the sterilized jars and let cool for 1 hour. Seal the jars and refrigerate until chilled before using. The jelly will keep in the refrigerator for up to 3 months and up to 2 years if processed in a hot water bath and kept in a cool, dry place.
Watermelon-Berry Salad With Chile Dressing and Lots of Herbs
Serves 6 to 8
For the dressing:
⅓ cup lime juice (from about 3 juicy limes)
⅓ cup fish sauce
3 tablespoons thinly sliced cilantro stems
3 tablespoons finely chopped palm sugar or coconut sugar
½-inch knob fresh galangal, peeled and roughly sliced against the grain
1 large garlic clove, peeled
1 small moderately hot fresh red chile, such as Fresno or ripe red jalapeño, stemmed and roughly chopped
1 fresh red Thai chile, stemmed
For the salad:
2 pounds peeled watermelon
1 small red onion, halved and thinly sliced
1 teaspoon flaky sea salt
2 cups mixed berries, halved if large
2 large lemongrass stalks trimmed, bruised, then very thinly sliced
½ cup extra-virgin olive oil
2 big handfuls very lightly packed mixed herbs, such as mint leaves, Thai or Italian basil leaves, and small cilantro sprigs
Make the dressing:
Combine all the dressing ingredients in a blender and blend on high speed until smooth, about 2 minutes. It keeps in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 3 days. Shake well before using.
Make the salad:
Cut the watermelon into 3 x 1 x 1-inch sticks, flicking out seeds as you go. You will have about 6 cups. Chill the watermelon in the fridge for at least an hour.
Combine the chilled watermelon and onion in a large mixing bowl and season all over with the flaky salt. Add the berries, lemongrass, and dressing, then toss gently but well. Drizzle on the olive oil, add the herbs, and gently toss once more. Transfer to a platter to serve.
Dear Evan Hansen is a stage musical with music and lyrics by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul, and book by Steven Levenson.
Dear Evan Hansen is an upcoming American musical teen drama film directed by Stephen Chbosky, and adapted for the screen by Steven Levenson from his and Benj Pasek & Justin Paul’s 2015 stage musical of the same name. A Universal Pictures/Marc Platt production, the film stars Platt’s son, Ben Platt, reprising his performance in the title role, which he originated on stage. The film’s ensemble cast also includes Kaitlyn Dever, Amandla Stenberg, Nik Dodani, Colton Ryan, Danny Pino, Julianne Moore and Amy Adams.
When Evan Hansen, a high school student with social anxiety disorder, has a therapeutic self-intended letter stolen by a classmate named Connor Murphy, who later dies by suicide, their family mistakes it for being sent to Evan by their son. Evan inserts himself into the boy’s past, throwing him into a series of duplicitous and confrontational events.
Evan Hansen – A high school senior with social anxiety. He is assigned by his therapist to write letters to himself about why each day will be good, which becomes the catalyst for the plot of the story (hence the name, Dear Evan Hansen).
Heidi Hansen – Evan’s mother, a nurse’s aide who attends paralegal school at night, often leaving Evan on his own as a result.
Zoe Murphy – Connor’s younger sister and Evan’s longtime crush. She was never close to Connor, even hated him and thought he was a monster, but wishes she had known him better and turns to Evan after he lies and says he was friends with Connor.
Cynthia Murphy – Connor and Zoe’s stay-at-home mother. She is constantly trying to keep her fragile family from falling apart but is often unsuccessful.
Larry Murphy – Connor and Zoe’s busy and distant father.
Connor Murphy – A high school senior who, like Evan, is also a social outcast with no friends, and a frequent drug user, getting high to cope with his aggressive and violent tendencies.
Alana Beck – Evan’s earnest but melodramatic classmate. She is constantly looking for academic and extracurricular activities to boost her collegiate chances.
Jared Kleinman – Evan’s droll and sarcastic friend. He helps Evan and Alana found The Connor Project.
The heartwarming, funny, and emotional new Netflix film, based on an inspiring true story, has Kevin Hart taking on one of the toughest jobs in the world: fatherhood. Fatherhood is described as the inspirational true story of a father who must raise his daughter on his own.
Fatherhood is an upcoming American comedy-drama film directed by Paul Weitz from a screenplay by Weitz and Dana Stevens, based upon the 2011 memoir Two Kisses for Maddy: A Memoir of Loss and Love by Matthew Logelin. The film stars Kevin Hart, Alfre Woodard, Lil Rel Howery, DeWanda Wise, Anthony Carrigan, Melody Hurd, and Paul Reiser.The book was adapted into the movie “Fatherhood” and features Kevin Hart starring as Matt. “Fatherhood” premieres on Netflixon June 18, 2021 and is presented by Barack and Michelle Obama’s Higher Ground Productions.
Originally produced by Columbia Pictures, Fatherhood is scheduled to be released digitally on June 18, 2021 by Netflix.
Kevin Hart as Matthew Logelin
Melody Hurd as Maddy Logelin
Alfre Woodard as Marian
Lil Rel Howery as Jordan
DeWanda Wise as Swan
Anthony Carrigan as Oscar
Paul Reiser as Paul
Deborah Ayorinde as Liz Logelin
Teneisha Collins as Tessa
Matthew Logelin is an American author, blogger, public speaker, and charity founder. In 2011, he published Two Kisses for Maddy: A Memoir of Loss and Love, which was a New York Times best seller. His blog, Matt, Liz and Madeline: Life and Death, All in a 27-Hour Period, received over 40,000 hits per day at its height in 2008. Both the blog and the memoir document his grief and sudden single parenthood following the unexpected death of his wife, Liz Logelin, 27 hours after the birth of the couple’s first child. A screen adaptation of the memoir starring Kevin Hart and presented by the Obamas premieres in 2021 on Netflix.In 2009, Logelin established The Liz Logelin Foundation, a non-profit organization providing financial grants to families with children who have lost a parent.In 2018, he was featured on an episode of the podcast Reply All, where the hosts attempted to help him take down viral ads featuring misrepresentations about his and his wife’s story.
Matt Logelin was born to Sara and Tom Logelin and raised in Minnetonka, Minnesota. He has three younger brothers.
He and Elizabeth ‘Liz’ Goodman met at an area gas station when both were high school seniors. After high school, the two maintained a long-distance relationship while she attended Scripps College in California, and he studied Sociology at St. John’s University in their native Minnesota. After graduation, their long-distance dating continued as Logelin pursued a master’s degree at Loyola University Chicago. In 2002, rather than continuing on to a PhD in the subject, Logelin opted to move to California to begin life with his high school sweetheart, whom he married on August 13, 2005. Two years later, the Logelins were thrilled to learn they were expecting their first child,but the pregnancy was difficult, and Liz was admitted to the hospital for bed rest.
Following 3 weeks of hospital bedrest, Liz gave birth to a daughter – Madeline Elizabeth Logelin – on March 24, 2008 via an emergency caesarean section. The baby was born healthy although 7 weeks premature. The following afternoon, Liz died suddenly and unexpectedly of a pulmonary embolism.
Before his wife’s death, Logelin spent many years working as a Project Manager for Yahoo!, often traveling to India as head of their outsourcing program. He quit his job in 2009 to write Two Kisses for Maddy, a memoir about his experience.
The Liz Logelin Foundation
In 2009, a group of early blog readers planned a 5K Walk/Run in honor of Logelin’s late wife, who was a runner. The event brought in over $4,000, and while it was intended to go to Logelin and his daughter, he instead donated the money to other widowed families he had met through his blog. This inspired him to establish The Liz Logelin Foundation, in honor of his wife. As of 2010, the foundation had given out $20,000 to grieving families and has been featured on numerous media outlets, including CBS This Morning.
Each year, on the weekend closest to Liz Logelin’s birthday, the foundation holds a Celebration of Hope gala, with live and silent auctions. A Walk, Run, Hope 5K, to benefit the organization, is also held annually.
Matt Logelin donates a portion of his book sales – 7%, his late wife’s lucky number – to the foundation.
Logelin had begun a blog many years before his wife’s death. At one time titled simply Matt Logelin.com, it was originally a place to document his photography as they traveled the world together, one of their great hobbies as a couple, as well as amusing experiences at his job. The blog later became a source of information for family and friends once his wife was admitted to the hospital for closer monitoring during her seventh month of pregnancy
Fatherhood media tie-in (previously published as Two Kisses for Maddy): A Memoir of Loss & Love
Coming soon to Netflix as the movie Fatherhood starring Kevin Hart, here is a courageous and searingly honest memoir about the first year of the author’s life following the birth of his daughter and the death of his wife.
Matt and Liz Logelin were high school sweethearts. After years of long-distance dating, the pair finally settled together in Los Angeles, and they had it all: a perfect marriage, a gorgeous new home, and a baby girl on the way. Liz’s pregnancy was rocky, but they welcomed Madeline, beautiful and healthy, into the world. Just twenty-seven hours later, Liz suffered a pulmonary embolism and died instantly, without ever holding the daughter whose arrival she had so eagerly awaited.
Though confronted with devastating grief and the responsibilities of a new and single father, Matt did not surrender to devastation; he chose to keep moving forward-to make a life for Maddy.
In this memoir, Matt shares bittersweet and often humorous anecdotes of his courtship and marriage to Liz; of relying on his newborn daughter for the support that she unknowingly provided; and of the extraordinary online community of strangers who have become his friends. In honoring Liz’s legacy, heartache has become solace.
Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon Eternal The Movie: Part 1 & 2 (2021)
Director: Chiaki Kon Genre: Action, Adventure | Part 1 Runtime: 80 Minutes | Part 2 Runtime: 80 Minutes Cast: Stephanie Sheh, Kate Higgins, Cristina Valenzuela, Amanda Celine Miller, Cherami Leigh Netflix Release Date: Right Now
When a mysterious solar eclipse happens in April, Sailor Moon and Chibiusa meet Helios, a mysterious Pegasus who is looking for two maidens to break the seal of the Golden Crystal. Meanwhile, the group known as the Dead Moon Circus has plans to conquer the Earth, the Moon, and eventually the universe by obtaining the Legendary Silver Crystal.
At the age of six the wizard Wang Lang vanquished a powerful demon, and has since gone from strength to strength. But the young wizard, now sixteen, must face his greatest challenge yet, senior high school.
With the gods deciding that the fate of humanity rests in their complete annihilation, they are given one last chance to prove their worth before the gods. Engaging in a battle of Ragnarok, 13 humans from history are brought before the gods to engage in duels to the death. Humanity requires seven wins to survive, so to even the odds combatants are given a valkyrie, each tailored into a powerful weapon capable of allowing humans to fight the gods
Trese (Season 1)
Seasons: 1 | Episodes: 6 Genre: Crime, Fantasy, Horror | Runtime: 30 Minutes Cast: Liza Soberano, Jon Jon Briones, Darren Criss, Steve Blum, Carlos Alazraqui Netflix Release Date: June 11th, 2021
Alexandra Trese into conflict against the criminal underworld of Manila which is lead by malevolent supernatural beings.
Full List of What’s Currently Coming to Netflix in July 2021
July 2021 TBD
Transformers: War for Cybertron Trilogy: Kingdom”
Chapter 3: “Kingdom”
Worlds collide when the Maximals and Predacons join the fight, coming together with the Autobots and Megatron in an epic battle that will alter their destiny forever. This series takes characters from the Beast Wars continuity
Optimus Primal is the commander of the Axalon crew, and the main character of both Beast Wars and Beast Machines. Optimus battles Megatron, who absorbs the sparks of every Cybertronian and attempts to reformat Cybertron’s core. Optimus distracts Megatron and knocks them both into the core, killing them but restoring the sparks to life. Optimus’s spirit speaks to Cheetor one last time, before joining with the Matrix. His beast mode is a gorilla.
Cheetor is an impulsive young rookie. He looks up to his elders, but doesn’t always follow their orders, and frequently gets into trouble. He matures throughout the series from a typical teenager to a capable warrior, aided by his mutations into a Transmetal and then a Transmetal II form granting him greater strength.Cheetor will become the new full-time leader after Optimus’s death in the final battle. Cheetor beast mode is a cheetah.
Rhinox is the tech expert of the Axalon crew, close friend of Optimus, and the second-in-command. Rhinox is highly skilled in combat, but is highly spiritual and loves nature .Rhinox’s spirit later approaches Optimus inside the Matrix, expressing regret for his actions. His beast mode is a rhino.
Rattrap is the hacker, saboteur, and demolitionist. He is cunning and resourceful, but sarcastic and querulous. He later develops a relationship with Botanica. His beast mode is a rat.
Dinobot is a warrior/samurai and former Predacon turned Maximal. Dinobot joined the Maximals after he attempted a failed coup against Megatron, believing they had crash landed on a random planet. Dinobot values pride and honor above all else, sticking to a strict code of ethics.
Tigatron is a Maximal whose stasis pod was damaged, leaving him in an amnesiac state until he remembered his true allegiance after watching Megatron threaten the white tiger he had scanned. . His beast mode is a white tiger.
Airazor is a female Maximal and scout, who works closely with Tigatron. Her beast mode is an falcon.
Silverbolt is a warrior/knight, who has a chivalrous personality to match. He is a fuzor, and his beast mode is a wolf/eagle hybrid, resembling a wolf with wings.
Depth Charge is a former security officer turned vigilante. He operates independently to hunt down and properly execute the criminal turned Predacon, Rampage, who had killed everyone in the colony Depth Charge had been assigned to protect.His beast mode is a Manta Ray, capable of flight above the surface.
Tigerhawk is a fusion of Tigatron and Airazor. His beast mode is a white tiger/peregrine falcon hybrid, resembling a white tiger with wings.
Megatron is a Predacon warmonger, leader of the Darksyde crew of Predacons, and the main antagonist of both Beast Wars and Beast Machines. He inherited the will of, and named himself after, the original Megatron from Generation 1. His original beast mode was a tyrannosaurus rex, but he later upgraded this form into a European dragon complete with fiery breath.
Waspinator is a dull-witted aerial fighter and comic relief, who is often been abused by Maximals and Predacons alike, being constantly blown apart, damaged, and injured. Waspinator always refers to himself in the third person, only dropping this when sufficiently angered.. His beast mode is a wasp.
Scorponok is Megatron’s loyal but unintelligent second-in-command. In spite of his idiocy, Scorponok is actually highly tech-savvy, developing weapons for the Predacons. On occasion, however, these weapons backfire spectacularly. His beast mode is a black scorpion.
Terrorsaur is an ambitious aerial fighter who openly wishes to usurp Megatron as leader of the Predacons. He makes numerous attempts to overthrow Megatron throughout the series, and on two occasions managed to successfully depose Megatron.His beast mode is a generic pterosaur, which erroneously is toothed.
Tarantulas is a sociopathic, cunning, and unhinged spy and scientist, later revealed to be a double agent of Unicron, acting against both the Maximals and Megatron. Tarantulas works directly for the Tripredacus Council, carrying out their plans of destroying the Ark, erasing the Autobots and Decepticons, and thus Maximals and Predacons, from existence, leaving their species to rule Cybertron. Tarantulas has a secret underground lair where he carries out experiments and hatches plots. His beast mode is a tarantula.
Blackarachnia is a female Predacon, who later defects to the Maximals. Her selfishness and desire to preserve her own life ironically placed her on the side of the Maximals, as she was unwilling to sacrifice her existence for Megatron’s ambition. Her beast mode is a black widow spider.
Inferno was a blank protoform who received damage landing on Earth, and went insane, gaining the mentality of an army ant: aggressive, obedient, and loyal to the colony (his stasis pod), as well as making him violent and homicidal. He was defeated by Tigatron, who destroyed his stasis pod, but Megatron reprogrammed Inferno to view Megatron as the queen of his colony. His beast mode is a fire ant.
Quickstrike is an aggressive and highly violent sociopath who is obsessed with fighting and speaks with a Texan accent. Quickstrike and Silverbolt were both Maximal protoforms whose stasis pods malfunctioned and turned them into Fuzors, Transformers with the ability to transform into hybrid beast modes. He is a fuzor, and his beast mode is a scorpion with a cobra for a tail.
Protoform X was created by a Maximal experiment to recreate Starscream’s immortal spark; while he became nigh invulnerable, he was also left in constant pain, driving him insane and causing him to become a violent serial killer. His beast mode is a giant crab, which also has a tank mode.
Dinobot II is a clone of the original Dinobot in Transmetal 2 form. He possesses the half of the spark of Rampage, given by Megatron.
Nightscream is an urban youth who never left Cybertron. He survived on his own during the Vehicon invasion, until he was found by Optimus. His beast mode is a bat.
Noble/Savage is an organism that changes between a werewolf and a fire breathing dragon. It was unintentionally created and possessed by Megatron when he tried to purge his own beast mode. Noble is killed defending Nightscream from Megatron.
Botanica is a scientist and botanist, and the only survivor of her own exploration crew. She transforms into an alien plant, making her the only Maximal whose beast mode is not actually a beast.
Obsidian and Strika
Obsidian and Strika are a pair of Vehicon generals who once were Autobots. Although reputed and proven to be the most intelligent military tacticians in history, they had limited moral judgement and were fatally obedient to whoever is in power. Thus making them allied to Megatron, who had successfully taken over Cybertron at the time.
Jetstorm is a psychopathic Vehicon general, who commands the aerial drones. He was the brainwashed spark of Silverbolt.
Thrust is a suave Vehicon general, who commands the cycle drones. He was the brainwashed spark of Waspinator.
Tankor is the brutish Vehicon general of the tank drones. He was the brainwashed spark of Rhinox. After breaking free from Megatron’s control, the corrupted Rhinox embraced his new name and vehicle form, and planned on usurping Megatron as the ruler of Cybertron.
Appearing in Beast Machines, the Diagnostic Drones appear as servants of Megatron.
Young Royals (Season 1) – A young prince arrives at a boarding school.
Prince Wilhelm (Edvin Ryding). When he arrives at the prestigious boarding school Hillerska he finally gets an opportunity to explore his true self and find out what kind of life he really wants. Wilhelm starts dreaming of a future filled with freedom and unconditional love far away from the royal obligations – but when he unexpectedly becomes next in line for the throne his dilemma is heightened as he has to make a choice. Love or duty.
Audible (2021) – Documentary short on a football player who is Deaf while coping with family and relationship issues allwhile gearing up for his Homecoming game.Football player Amaree McKenstry-Hall and his Maryland School for the Deaf teammates attempt to defend their winning streak while coming to terms with the tragic loss of a close friend. The graduating students face mounting pressures of entering the hearing world while tackling adversity and demanding to be heard in this moving coming-of-age story.
The Best of Enemies
– STX Films – Taraji P. Henson and Sam Rockwell feature in this biopic on the civil rights activist Ann Atwater facing off against a Ku Klux Klan member.
1971: at Durham, in North Carolina, Ann Atwater tries to get better housing conditions for poor black people, and is ignored by the all white judge panel. CP is the president of the KKK, and has a family with children. It’s shown that he loves and cares for his family. Ann’s daughters school catches on fire (whether by accident or arson is unclear), and CP is afraid that the black children will come to the white schools. The city council makes a finding that the school is still usable, so the NAACP helps file a lawsuit. The judicial decision is to bring in a proven mediation expert, Bill Riddick, who sets up a meeting with the both of them.
Ann Atwater (July 1, 1935 – June 20, 2016) was an American civil rights activist in Durham, North Carolina. Throughout her career she helped improve the quality of life in Durham through programs such as Operation Breakthrough (Durham, North Carolina), a community organization dedicated to fight the War on Poverty. She became an effective activist and leader when advocating for black rights, such as better private housing. Atwater promoted unity of the working-class African Americans through grassroots organizations.
She is best known as one of the co-chairs of a charrette in 1971 to reduce school violence and ensure peaceful school desegregation. It met for ten sessions. She showed that it was possible for whites and blacks, even with conflicting views, to negotiate and collaborate by establishing some common ground.
July 1, 1935
Hallsboro, North Carolina
June 20, 2016 (aged 80)
Durham, North Carolina
Civil rights activist
1) French Wilson; 2) Willie Pettiford
According to C.P. Ellis, Ann Atwater’s voice was deep and powerful, and she had the ability to energize her audience. She became an effective leader. She was not afraid to voice her opinions loudly and proudly. She was also not afraid to tell anyone to “go to hell” if she felt like it. She concluded that the most effective method of getting people to listen to her was to “holler at them.” When she called a meeting, she meant business.
In one meeting with a councilman, Atwater recalls that when he was not taking her seriously as she was trying to make her points, she would hit him on the head, surprising him so much that he would listen to her afterwards. Atwater also expressed her opinions at city council meetings, which had only white members. Because the white councilmen did not want to listen to a black woman talk, they turned their chairs away from her. She turned those chairs back around to force them to face her. Her bold actions so surprised the councilmen that they had to listen to her. Some people may not have liked that she was demanding and outspoken, but those qualities enabled her to be a successful activist and organizer.
After Atwater co-led the charrette, she continued to work with the poor and middle-class black community in Durham. She married Willie Pettiford in 1975, and became a deacon at the Mount Calvary United Church of Christ. She and Ellis continued their friendship to the end of their lives.
From 2006 until her death, Atwater worked with Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove at the School for Conversion as a “freedom teacher,” mentoring young people and activists in community organizing and fusion politics. The school’s Ann Atwater Freedom Library continues her work of “making surprising friendships possible”.
Atwater died June 20, 2016.
Legacy and honors
1967, she was recognized as Carolina Times Woman of the Year
A book, Best of Enemies, was written about her unlikely friendship with C.P. Ellis. The book was adapted as a play of the same name, which premiered in Durham in 2013, and a 2019 movie of the same name.
Durham mayor Bill Bell declared December 6, 2013 to be “Ann Atwater Day” in the city.
Atwater was recognized alongside C. P. Ellis as main honorees by the Sesquicentennial Honors Commission at the Durham 150 Closing Ceremony in Durham, North Carolina, on November 2, 2019. The posthumous recognition was bestowed upon Atwater and Ellis for their contributions to the desegregation of Durham Public Schools in 1971.
Claiborne Paul Ellis (January 8, 1927 – November 3, 2005) was an American segregationist turned civil rights activist and trade union organizer. Ellis was at one time Exalted Cyclops of a Ku Klux Klan group in Durham, North Carolina, the city where he was born.Claiborne Paul Ellis was deeply influenced by his father, who died at the age of 48. In his recorded memoir, he described his impoverished childhood and the worn clothes that he would wear to school. He would often feel embarrassed about how he and his father looked in public. Although his father drank, Ellis described the close relationship the two shared by going to ball games and fishing.
C. P. Ellis
Claiborne Paul Ellis
January 8, 1927
Durham, North Carolina
November 3, 2005 (aged 78)
Durham, North Carolina
Civil rights activist, former Ku Klux Klan leader
As he grew older, Ellis became disillusioned with the notion of the American dream. He worked for several years at a gas station before he got married and had four children. The financial strain of taking care of his wife and children (one of whom was blind and mute) led him to what he described as the need to blame somebody. To him, it was natural to hate blacks because his father had participated in the Ku Klux Klan. He was invited by men he met while working at the gas station to join a local Klan group. He quickly became a very active member, climbing the ranks of leadership until his final pronouncement as Exalted Cyclops. Ellis attributed the elation of this period to the feelings of self-worth and the importance of being a respected member of this group.After 10 days of talks, Ellis and Atwater became friends, and Ellis came to believe that whites, especially poor whites, could prosper more from the civil rights movement than from segregation. Atwater and Ellis came to know each other as individuals instead of as stereotypes. They came to see how they, as poor people, were both oppressed and that their children faced many of the same issues. It was during this time that they cried together.
On the last night of the charrette, 1,000 people participated, including some of Ellis’s fellow Klan members. At the microphone, Ellis held his Klan membership card up and said: “If schools are going to be better by me tearing up this card, I shall do so.” Ellis thus renounced the Klan that night and never returned to it. The remaining Klansmen threatened his life and refused to talk to him again for the next 30 years. Ellis and Atwater formed an enduring friendship.
Ellis, having only an eighth-grade level education, went on to participate in a program called PEP (Past Employment Progress) and received his diploma. He also became heavily involved in union organization and was voted business manager of the union with a tally of 134 votes to 41 votes for the competition.
His conversion to advocacy for desegregation is conveyed in the book by Osha Gray Davidson, The Best of Enemies (1996), in the documentary An Unlikely Friendship, in an interview with Studs Terkel recorded in Terkel’s book American Dreams (1980), in the 2011 play The Best of Enemies by Mark St. Germain, and in the 2019 film The Best of Enemies, in which he is portrayed by Sam Rockwell.Ellis died of Alzheimer’s disease in 2005, and Ann Atwater delivered a eulogy at his funeral
The Bureau of Magical Things (Season 1) – Australian fantasy series aimed at younger audiences about a teenage girl who discovers she has magical powers.
Underworld: Awakening (2012) – Sony Pictures – Kate Beckinsale headlines this fantasy horror within the Underworld franchise.
In the years since she and her human-lycan lover, Michael, defeated Elder Marcus, vampire warrior Selene (Kate Beckinsale) has been taken captive by humans, while they wage an all-out war against both lycans and vampires. Awakening after more than a decade, Selene discovers that Michael is dead, but that she has given birth to his daughter, Eve. Shunned by nearly all surviving vampires, save one (Theo James), even Selene seems powerless against her latest opponent: a genetically enhanced lycan.
Young Royals (Season 1) – A young prince arrives at a boarding school.The Crown and Bridgerton we’re now being blessed with a new series – Young Royals.The story centres around Prince Wilhelm (Edvin Ryding). When he arrives at the prestigious boarding school Hillerska he finally gets an opportunity to explore his true self and find out what kind of life he really wants. Wilhelm starts dreaming of a future filled with freedom and unconditional love far away from the royal obligations – but when he unexpectedly becomes next in line for the throne his dilemma is heightened as he has to make a choice. Love or duty.
Fear Street Part 1 of the Fear Street trilogy coming to Netflix throughout July 2021.
Fear Street is a teenage horror fiction series written by American author R. L. Stine, starting in 1989. In 1995, a series of books inspired by the Fear Street series, called Ghosts of Fear Street, was created for younger readers, and were more like the Goosebumps books in that they featured paranormal adversaries (ghosts, vampires, monsters, aliens, etc.) and sometimes had twist endings.
R. L. Stine stopped writing Fear Street after penning the Fear Street Seniors spin-off in 1999. In summer 2005, he brought Fear Street back with the three-part Fear Street Nights miniseries.
In 1994, a group of teenagers find out that the terrifying events that have occurred in their town of Shadyside, Ohio, may be connected to each other, and that they may be the next targets.
Haseen Dillruba (2021) – Hindi romantic thriller.
Haseen Dillruba (transl. Beautiful Lover) is an upcoming Indian Hindi-language mystery thriller film directed by Vinil Mathew and produced by Aanand L. Rai, Himanshu Sharma, Bhushan Kumar and Krishan Kumar under the banner Colour Yellow Productions, Eros International and T-Series. The film stars Taapsee Pannu, Vikrant Massey and Harshvardhan Rane
Mortel (Season 2) – The second season of the French horror-fantasy series with Obe returning in a brand new form for season 2.Mortel is based on the story of Sofiane who is still on a quest to find out about what things happened to his lost brother Reda. He just wants to find out the secret so he collaborates with Victor and has made a pact with some supernatural creature, Obe. It is a strange creature who has possesses some supernatural abilities.
The 8th Night (2021) Korean horror movie about a retired exorcist having to get back in the game.A man who was once an exorcist, suffers until he faces a demon that is freed. The night exists between real and unreal, their struggle to stop the resurrection of the demon has begun!About two and half millennium ago, two mysterious beings that tormented humans were locked up in 2 caskets. They are required to infiltrate 7 weak human hosts to assume their form. After a few centuries, Monk Ha-jung (Lee Eol), the protector of one of the caskets, realizes that one of the beings has reawakened and so he asks monk Chung-seok (Nam Da-reum) to seek Park Jin-soo (Lee Sung-min), who was born to stop these beings. Jin-soo begins the hunt to find the being with Chung-seok in order stop ‘it’ from causing havoc on the earth.
We the People (Season 1) – Kenya Barris and the Obamas production company team up for this musical short series.
This series of ten animated music videos brings musicians and directors together to remix civics for a new generation. Learn the basics of rights and citizenship with upbeat songs by popular artists like Janelle Monáe, H.E.R., Adam Lambert, Brandi Carlile and more.
Atypical (Season 4) The final season of the comedy coming-of-age series created by Robia Rashid.
Biohackers (Season 2) – The German thriller series returns for a second heart-pounding season.
In season 2, maybe the main cast of Biohackers Season 1 will return. It includes Luna Wedler as Emma “Mia Akerlund” Engels, Jessica Schwarz as Professor Tanja Lorenz, Thomas Prenn as Niklas, Adrian Julius Tillmann as Jasper, Jing Xiang as Chen-Lu, Caro Cult as Lotta, and Sebastian Jakob Doppelbauer as Ole.The other cast members include Edith Saldanha as Monique, Zeynep Bozbay as Petra Eller, and Benno Furmann as Andreas Winter.
Fear Street Part 2: 1978 (2021) The second of the R.L. Stine trilogy to come to Netflix throughout July.
Campers and counselors from Sunnyvale face off against those from Shadyside.In 1978, Camp Nightwing is divided by the campers and counselors who hail from the prosperous town of Sunnyvale and the campers and maintenance staffers from the downtrodden town of Shadyside, but when horrors from their towns shared history come alive, they must band together to solve a terrifying mystery before it’s too late.
Virgin River (Season 3)
Seeking a fresh start, a nurse practitioner moves from Los Angeles to a remote Northern California town and is surprised by what — and who — she finds.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 13th
Naomi Osaka (Season 1) – Limited docuseries on the young ladies tennis champion.
Naomi Osaka (大坂 なおみ, Ōsaka Naomi, Japanese pronunciation: born October 16, 1997) is a Japanese professional tennis player. She has been ranked No. 1 by the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) and is the first Asian player to hold the top ranking in singles. She is a four-time Grand Slam singles champion, and is the reigning champion at the US Open and the Australian Open. Her seven titles on the WTA Tour also include two at the Premier Mandatory level. At the 2018 US Open and the 2019 Australian Open, Osaka won her first two Grand Slam singles titles in back-to-back Grand Slam tournaments, and is the first player to achieve this feat since Jennifer Capriati in 2001. She also became the first woman to win successive Grand Slam singles titles since Serena Williams in 2015.Born in Japan to a Haitian father and a Japanese mother, Osaka has lived and trained in the United States since age three. She came to prominence at age 16 when she defeated former US Open champion Samantha Stosur in her WTA Tour debut at the 2014 Stanford Classic. Two years later, she reached her first WTA final at the 2016 Pan Pacific Open in Japan to enter the top 50 of the WTA rankings. Osaka made her breakthrough into the upper echelon of women’s tennis in 2018 when she won her first WTA title at the Indian Wells Open. Later in the year, she defeated 23-time Grand Slam singles champion Serena Williams in the final of the US Open to become the first Japanese player to win a Grand Slam singles title. Since 2018, she has won a Grand Slam singles title in four consecutive years.
Osaka is one of the world’s most marketable athletes, having been ranked eighth among all athletes in endorsement income in 2020. She was also the highest-earning female athlete of all time by annual income that year. Osaka has gained significant recognition as an activist, having showcased support for the Black Lives Matter movement in conjunction with her matches. She was named one of the 2020 Sports Illustrated Sportspersons of the Year for her activism largely as part of her US Open championship run, and was also included on Time‘s annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world in both 2019 and 2020. Moreover, she was the 2021 Laureus World Sportswoman of the Year. On the court, Osaka has an aggressive playing style with a powerful serve that can reach 201 kilometres per hour (125 mph).
Naomi Osaka was born on October 16, 1997, in Chūō-ku, Osaka in Japan to Tamaki Osaka and Leonard François.Her mother is from Hokkaido, Japan, and her father is from Jacmel, Haiti. She has an older sister named Mari who is a former professional tennis player. The two girls were given their mother’s family name for practical reasons when the family lived in Japan. Osaka’s parents met when her father was visiting Hokkaido while he was a college student in New York.
When Osaka was three years old, her family moved from Japan to Valley Stream, New York on Long Island to live with her father’s parents. Osaka’s father was inspired to teach his daughters how to play tennis by watching the Williams sisters compete at the 1999 French Open. Having little experience as a tennis player himself, he sought to emulate how Richard Williams trained his daughters to become two of the best players in the world, despite having never played the sport. François remarked that “the blueprint was already there. I just had to follow it,” with regard to the detailed plan Richard had developed for his daughters. He began coaching Naomi and Mari once they settled in the United States.In 2006, Osaka’s family moved to Florida when Naomi was eight or nine years old so that they would have better opportunities to train. Naomi practiced on the Pembroke Pines public courts. When she was 15years old, she began working with Patrick Tauma at the ISP Academy. In 2014, she moved to the Harold Solomon Tennis Academy.She later trained at the ProWorld Tennis Academy.
Although Osaka was raised in the United States, her parents decided that their daughters would represent Japan. They said, “We made the decision that Naomi would represent Japan at an early age. She was born in Osaka and was brought up in a household of Japanese and Haitian culture. Quite simply, Naomi and her sister Mari have always felt Japanese so that was our only rationale. It was never a financially motivated decision nor were we ever swayed either way by any national federation.”This decision may have also been motivated by a lack of interest from the United States Tennis Association (USTA) when Naomi was still a young player.The USTA later offered Naomi the opportunity to train at their national training center in Boca Raton when she was 16 years old, but she declined.
At the 2020 US Open beginning the following week, each mask she wore as she walked onto the court (due to the COVID-19 pandemic) prominently displayed the name of an African American who had been killed in the preceding few years, the majority in the year before the tournament, and the majority killed by police. She highlighted Breonna Taylor, Elijah McClain, Ahmaud Arbery, Trayvon Martin, George Floyd, Philando Castile, and Tamir Rice; and was praised directly by the parents of Martin and Arbery. Prior to these acts of activism, Osaka had also travelled to Minnesota to attend the protests of the murder of George Floyd. She outlined her personal reasons for supporting the Black Lives Matter movement and protesting against police brutality in an op-ed in Esquire magazine.
Osaka was named a 2020 Sports Illustrated Sportsperson of the Year for her activism alongside the year’s other prominent activist sports champions LeBron James, Breanna Stewart, and Patrick Mahomes, as well as medical worker Laurent Duvernay-Tardif. She was also honored as one of the Time 100 most influential people in the world in 2020 for her activism, having also been named to the list in 2019 for representing professional tennis well as an excellent role model and a major champion.
Osaka has been featured as the main character in a manga series published by Kodansha in Nakayoshi, a leading Japanese shojo magazine. The series is being drawn by Futago Kamikita and was made with the help of Osaka’s sister Mari. The first edition appeared in the February 2021 issue of the magazine, which was released in December 2020.
Osaka is in a relationship with American rapper Cordae.
In 2021, Osaka became a co-owner of the North Carolina Courage in the National Women’s Soccer League, the top level of the women’s sport in the U.S..
Osaka has said, “My dad’s Haitian, so I grew up in a Haitian household in New York. I lived with my grandma. And my mom’s Japanese and I grew up with the Japanese culture too, and if you’re saying American, I guess because I lived in America, I also have that too.” Her Haitian grandparents only spoke to her in Creole because they did not know English, while her mother conversed with her in Japanese.Osaka elected for Japanese citizenship over American in 2019, with an eye on the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. She said, “I always represent Japan when I play.”Osaka can understand Japanese, but is not very confident speaking the language. She has said, “I can understand way more Japanese than I can speak.” At press conferences, Osaka can take questions in Japanese but typically will answer them in English.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 14th
A Classic Horror Story (2021) – Italian horror movie.
A Classic Horror Story is an upcoming Italian horror film written by Roberto De Feo, Paolo Strippoli, Lucio Besana, David Bellini and Milo Tissone, and directed by Roberto De Feo and Paolo Strippoli.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 16th
Fear Street Part 3: 1666 (2021) – The final entry in the Fear Street trilogy that will tie the story up.
In 1666, a colony is gripped by a hysterical witch-hunt that has deadly consequences for centuries to come. Meanwhile, the teenagers in 1994 and 1978 try to finally put an end to the town’s curse, before it is too late.
Kiana Madeira as Deena
Ashley Zukerman as Sheriff Nick Goode
Gillian Jacobs as C. Berman
Olivia Welch as Samantha Fraser
Benjamin Flores Jr. as Josh
Darrell Britt-Gibson as Martin
Fred Hechinger as Simon
Julia Rehwald as Kate
Sadie Sink as Ziggy Berman
Emily Rudd as Cindy
McCabe Slye as Tommy Slater
Jeremy Ford as Peter
Mark Ashworth as Jakob Berman
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 17th
Ali & Ratu Ratu Queens (2021) – Indonesian comedy.
After his father’s passing, a teenager sets out for New York in search of his estranged mother and soon finds love and connection in unexpected places.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 21st
Trollhunters: Rise of the Titans (2021) – The big movie finale of the Guillermo del Toro’s Tales of Arcadia franchise on Netflix.The heroes from the Trollhunters series team-up on an epic adventure to fight the Arcane Order for control over the magic that binds them all.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 23rd
Masters of the Universe: Revelation (Part 1) – The first 5 episodes of the Kevin Smith produced animation revival of the He-Man universe.
Chris Wood as Prince Adam / He-Man
Mark Hamill as Skeletor
Sarah Michelle Gellar as Teela
Liam Cunningham as Man-At-Arms
Lena Headey as Evil-Lyn
Diedrich Bader as King Randor and Trap Jaw
Alicia Silverstone as Queen Marlena
Stephen Root as Cringer
Griffin Newman as Orko
Susan Eisenberg as Sorceress of Castle Grayskull
Kevin Michael Richardson as Beast Man
Kevin Conroy as Mer-Man
Henry Rollins as Tri-Klops
Jason Mewes as Stinkor
Alan Oppenheimer as Moss-Man
Justin Long as Roboto
Tony Todd as Scare Glow
Phil LaMarr as He-Ro
Cree Summer as Preistess
Harley Quinn Smith as Illena
Tiffany Smith as Andra
Sky Rojo (Season 2) – The second half of Alex Pina (Money Heist) produced series about three sex workers on the run.
After his father’s passing, a teenager sets out for New York in search of his estranged mother and soon finds love and connection in unexpected places.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 29th
Resort to Love (2021) N – Romantic comedy that’s being produced by Alicia Keys and starts Christina Milian, Sinqua Walls and Jay Pharoah.
What’s Coming to Netflix on July 30th
The Last Mercenary (2021) N – French action-comedy.
Ultraman (Season 2) N
Netflix Release Date: TBA Studio: Production I.G. | Episodes: TBA
The Kissing Booth 3
Coming to Netflix: August 11th
It’s the summer before Elle (Joey King) heads to college, and she has a secret: She got into both Harvard, where her dreamy boyfriend Noah (Jacob Elordi) goes, and Berkeley, where her BFF Lee (Joel Courtney) is going. Which path will Elle choose?
Coming to Netflix: August 20th
Coming to Netflix: August 27th
He’s All That
Coming to Netflix: August 27th
The Chair (Season 1)
Coming to Netflix: August 27th
Hit & Run (Season 1)
Coming to Netflix: August TBD
Pray Away (2021)
Coming to Netflix: August TBD
Debut Netflix Original Shows Coming in 2021 & Beyond
1899 – Historic horror from the creators of the German series Dark expected in 2022.
A Chorus Line – Mini-series starring Ewan McGregor about Broadway dancers auditioning for spots from Ryan Murphy.
Ada Twist, Scientist – Chris Nee produces this animated series about a young scientist.
Agent King – Animated series about Elvis Presley as a secret government spy. Created by John Eddie.
All The Right Moves – Reality dance competition series that’s setting out to find the next big choreographer.
American Jesus – TV series from the Millarworld universe that should start production in 2021.
Angry Birds: Summer Madness – The first major mobile phone game has matured into a multi-faceted entity with two big-budget animated movies now under its belt and in 2021, it’ll be joining Netflix for a new animated kids series.
Anatomy of a Scandal – TV anthology series that looks into various public scandals over the years and comes from the creator of HBO’s Big Little Lies.
Archive 81 – New horror series that should wrap production in the first quarter of 2021.
Assassin’s Creed – live-action series based on the Ubisoft video game.
Astérix – Animated mini-series based on the classic French comic character.
Avatar: The Last Airbender Live-Action Series –?
Ayrton Senna miniseries – Biopic series expected in 2022.
Ayrton Senna da Silva was a Brazilian racing driver who won the Formula One World Drivers’ Championship in 1988, 1990 and 1991. Senna is one of three Formula One drivers from Brazil to win the World Championship and won 41 Grands Prix and 65 pole positions, with the latter being the record until 2006.
Born: March 21, 1960, Santana, São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: May 1, 1994, Major Carlo Alberto Pizzardi Hospital, Bologna, Italy
Height: 5′ 9″
Spouse: Lilian de Vasconcelos Souza (m. 1981–1983)
What made Ayrton Senna so good?
He was a three-time World champion and still features in the top five drivers in history when it comes race wins and pole positions. His enduring legacy is how he transformed the sport: his skill and style of driving changed how F1 cars were made, even as his death changed the safety rules.
Baby Reindeer – British comedy series starring Richard Gadd.
Battle Kitty – Kids animated series about a warrior kitten.
Beef – Steven Yeun and Ali Wong
Bloom – Callie Khouri and Juliana Maio are set to write this series about women attempting to break into the world of fashion after WW2.
Blue Eye Samurai – Jane Wu directed animation action series featuring the voices of Maya Erskine and Brenda Song.
Bone – Adaptation of Jeff Smith’s comic book series.
Bone is an independently published American comic book series, written and illustrated by Jeff Smith, originally serialized in 55 irregularly released issues from 1991 to 2004.
Boo, Bitch – From the creators of Crazy Ex-Girlfriend and On My Block will come a new comedy series that’s set to star Lana Condor who awakes to find she’s a ghost.
Lana Condor is set to star in and executive produce Boo, Bitch, “a live-action comedy limited series about a high school senior who, after years of playing it safe, decides to live an epic life … only to wake up the next morning and find out she’s now a ghost.
Brand New Cherry Flavor – Rosa Salazar headlines this new revenge horror thriller about a film director living in 1990s LA embarking on a journey that takes a horrific turn. Nick Antosca and Lenore Zion serve as showrunners.
Breathe – Drama series from the creators of NBC’s Blindspot. Will tell the story of a small plane that crashes in the middle of the Canadian wilderness.
Bridgerton Young Catherine Spinoff – After the success of Bridgerton, a spinoff focusing on Young Catherine is in development.
The origin story of Queen Charlotte, the limited series will also follow young Violet Bridgerton and Lady Danbury. Shonda Rhimes is set to write and executive produce, with Betsy Beers and Tom Verica also executive producing.
Queen Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, a small northern German duchy, was the youngest daughter of a duke and a princess who went on to marry England’s King George III.
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Sophia Charlotte; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the wife of the British king George III and Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from their marriage on 8 September 1761 until the union of the two kingdoms on 1 January 1801, after which she was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818. As George’s wife, she was also Electress and later Queen of Hanover.
Charlotte was a patron of the arts and an amateur botanist who helped expand Kew Gardens. She was distressed by her husband’s bouts of physical and mental illness, which became permanent in later life and resulted in their eldest son George’s appointment as Prince Regent in 1811. George III and Charlotte had 15 children in total, 13 of whom survived to adulthood. They included two future British monarchs, George IV and William IV; as well as Charlotte, Princess Royal, who became Queen of Württemberg; Prince Edward, the father of Queen Victoria; and Prince Ernest Augustus, who became King of Hanover.
Born: May 19, 1744, Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818, Kew Palace, Richmond, United Kingdom
Spouse: George III (m. 1761–1818)
Children: George IV, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Parents: Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg
Grandchildren: Queen Victoria, Princess Charlotte of Wales
BRZRKR – Anime series based on the Keanu Reeves comic.
Call Your Daughter Home – Netflix’s live-action adaptation of the book by Deb Spera.
Captain Fall – Animated series from the creators of Netflix’s Norsemen.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory – Animated kids series based on the Roald Dahl tale – part of the larger Roald Dahl output.
Netflix confirmed today that the Thor: Ragnarok and Jojo Rabbit Taika Waititi filmmaker has locked down a deal to write, executive-produce, and direct two animated series based on Roald Dahl’s Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
A young and poor boy, Charlie, finds a golden ticket that grants him access to the wonderfully wacky chocolate factory operated by the eccentric Willy Wonka.
Chinatown Prequel Series – David Fincher and Robert Towne team up for this prequel series to the movie.
The film was released in 1974 and starred Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway. Nicholson played Gittes, who is originally hired to expose an adulterer but becomes embroiled in a much larger plot.
Churchmen – Big Love creators Will Scheffer and Mark V. Olsen created series adapting T.C. Boyle’s The Tortilla Curtain.
Clickbait – Australian/American co-production miniseries which explore the dangerous ways social media can damage lives.
Comfort Me with Apples – Memoir from celebrity chef Ruth Reichl being adapted into an 8-part series.
Ruth Reichl (; born January 16, 1948), is an American chef, food writer, co-producer of PBS’s Gourmet’s Diary of a Foodie, culinary editor for the Modern Library, host of PBS’s Gourmet’s Adventures With Ruth, and the last editor-in-chief of Gourmet magazine. She has written critically acclaimed, best-selling memoirs: Tender at the Bone: Growing Up at the Table, Comfort Me with Apples: More Adventures at the Table, Garlic and Sapphires: The Secret Life of a Critic in Disguise and Not Becoming My Mother In 2009, she published Gourmet Today a 1,008 page cookbook containing over 1,000 recipes. She published her first novel, Delicious! in 2014, and, in 2015, published My Kitchen Year: 136 Recipes That Saved My Life, a memoir of recipes prepared in the year following the shuttering of Gourmet.Born in Manhattan on January 16, 1948, to parents Ernst, a typographer, and Miriam (née Brudno),the daughter of a German Jewish refugee father and an American Jewish mother,Reichl was raised in Greenwich Village and spent time at a boarding school in Montreal as a young girl. She attended the University of Michigan, where she met her first husband, the artist Douglas Hollis. She graduated in 1970 with an M.A. in Art History.
January 16, 1948 (age 73)
Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
Food writer, magazine editor, chef
Mmmmm: A Feastiary (cookbook), (1972)
Tender at the Bone: Growing Up at the Table (memoir) (1998)
Comfort Me with Apples: More Adventures at the Table (memoir) (2001)
Garlic and Sapphires: The Secret Life of a Critic in Disguise (memoir) (2005)
The Gourmet Cookbook: More Than 1000 Recipes (2006)
Not Becoming My Mother: and Other Things She Taught Me Along the Way (2009)
Gourmet Today: More than 1000 All-New Recipes for the Contemporary Kitchen (2009)
For You, Mom. Finally. (2010; first published under the title Not Becoming My Mother)
Delicious! (novel) (2014)
My Kitchen Year: 136 Recipes That Saved My Life (2015)
Save Me the Plums: My Gourmet Memoir (2019)
Colin in Black & White – Ava DuVernay and Colin Kaepernick are working together on this new biopic on the NFL player’s teen years.
Mary-Louise Parker and Nick Offerman will play Colin Kaepernick’s parents Teresa Kaepernick and Rick Kaepernick, respectively, in Colin in Black and White. The series also stars Jaden Michael as Kaepernick during his high school years.
Colin Kaepernick recounts his early years as an athlete playing football, basketball and baseball in Turlock, California.
Kaepernick was born in 1987 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to then-19-year-old Heidi Russo, who is white.His birth father, who is African-American (of Ghanaian, Nigerian, and Ivorian ancestry) and whose identity is unknown, separated from Russo before Kaepernick was born. Russo placed Kaepernick up for adoption and at 5-weeks-old he was placed with a white couple named Rick and Teresa Kaepernick. The couple had two biological children: son Kyle and daughter Devon. The Kaepernicks decided to adopt a boy after losing two other sons to heart defects.
Kaepernick lived in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, until age four, when his family moved to California. When he was eight years old, Kaepernick began playing youth football as a defensive end and punter. At age nine, he was the starting quarterback on his youth team, and he completed his first pass for a long touchdown.A 4.0 GPA student at John H. Pitman High School in Turlock, California, Kaepernick played football, basketball and baseball and was nominated for all-state selection in all three sports his senior year. He was the most valuable player (MVP) of the Central California Conference in football, leading his school to its first-ever playoff victory. In basketball, he was a first-team All-CCC selection at forward and led his 16th-ranked team to a near upset of No. 1-ranked Oak Ridge High School in the opening round of the playoffs. In that game, Kaepernick scored 34 points, but future NBA player Ryan Anderson of Oak Ridge scored 50 points to lead his team to a victory.
Leading up to the 2016 season, Kaepernick was active in July on social media with social commentary on the fatal police shootings of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, the police shooting of Charles Kinsey and the acquittal of police in the death of Freddie Gray.In the 49ers third preseason game of the season, reporter Steve Wyche noticed Kaepernick sitting down during the playing of “The Star-Spangled Banner”,as opposed to the tradition of standing.During a post-game interview, Kaepernick explained his position stating, “I am not going to stand up to show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black people and people of color. To me, this is bigger than football and it would be selfish on my part to look the other way. There are bodies in the street and people getting paid leave and getting away with murder”, referencing a series of African-American deaths caused by law enforcement that led to the Black Lives Matter movement and adding that he would continue to protest until he feels like “[the American flag] represents what it’s supposed to represent”. It had gone largely unnoticed that Kaepernick was also sitting during the anthem in the previous two weeks, when he was inactive and not in uniform while recovering from injuries.
In the 49ers’ fourth and final preseason game, Kaepernick kneeled during the U.S. national anthem to show more respect to former and current U.S. military members while still protesting during the anthem after having a conversation with former NFL player and U.S. military veteran Nate Boyer.After the September 2016 police shootings of Terence Crutcher and Keith Lamont Scott,Kaepernick commented publicly on the shootings saying, “this is a perfect example of what this is about”. Photos then surfaced of him wearing socks depicting police officers as pigs. In a statement he acknowledged wearing them as a statement against “rogue cops”. He maintained that he has friends/family in law enforcement and that there are cops with “good intentions” who protect and serve and he was not targeting all police.Kaepernick went on to kneel during the anthem prior to every 49ers game that season.
After initial backlash against his protests, Kaepernick pledged to donate $1 million to “organizations working in oppressed communities”.He donated $25,000 to the Mothers Against Police Brutality organization that was started by Collette Flanagan, whose son fell victim to police brutality.In 2018, Kaepernick announced that he would make the final $100,000 donation of his “Million Dollar Pledge” in the form of $10,000 donations to charities that would be matched by celebrities.
Inspired by Kaepernick, other NFL players and pro athletes conducted various forms of silent protests during the national anthem. The NFL experienced an 8 percent decline in viewership in the 2016 season with the No. 1 reason, cited by 30 percent of fans in a J. D. Power survey, being the player protests. His San Francisco teammates awarded him the team’s Len Eshmont Award, as the player who best epitomized the inspirational and courageous play of former 49er Len Eshmont.Then-49ers head coach Kelly later said that Kaepernick was “zero distraction” that season.
Also in 2016, Kaepernick and his partner Nessa founded the “Know Your Rights Camp”, an organization which held free seminars to disadvantaged youths to teach them about self-empowerment, American history, and legal rights. In April 2020, the Know Your Rights Camp launched a relief fund for individuals impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Kaepernick donated $100,000 to the fund.
In 2018, Nike released an ad featuring Kaepernick with the text, “Believe in something. Even if it means sacrificing everything.” NFL spokesperson Jocelyn Moore responded to the ad saying Kaepernick’s social justice campaign, “deserve(s) our attention and action”.
In July 2019, Nike released a shoe featuring the Betsy Ross flag called the Air Max 1 Quick Strike Fourth of July trainers. The trainers were designed to celebrate Independence Day. The model was subsequently withdrawn after Colin Kaepernick told the brand he and others found the flag offensive because they associated it with slavery.Joe Scarborough decried Nike’s decision as “politically correct madness”, saying that the flag should be seen as a symbol of resistance against King George III. Scarborough also felt that this instance of political correctness could help Donald Trump to be re-elected.Charles Taylor of Forbes described Nike’s decision as a blunder, noting that no significant number of Americans view the Betsy Ross flag as a racist symbol and that a poll shows that 85% of American millennials like seeing the U.S. flag on Independence Day. Nike’s decision to withdraw the product drew criticism from Arizona’s Republican Governor, Doug Ducey, who subsequently pulled a US$2 million tax incentive for a Nike factory in the state, and Texas’s Republican Senator Ted Cruz.
In June 2020, amid the George Floyd protests, The New York Times wrote that the NFL had wrestled with the issue of race, noting that three-quarters of NFL players are African-American, yet nearly every NFL team owner is white (and several are prominent Trump supporters)NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell put out a statement where he apologized for not listening to the concerns of African-American players.The Times wrote that Goodell’s “words were panned as hypocritical because of the league owners’ rejection of Kaepernick.”Michael Rosenberg of Sports Illustrated wrote, “Mainstream white America is going to reconsider Kaepernick at some point — the way it reconsidered Muhammad Ali years after he refused to go to Vietnam, the way it reconsidered Jackie Robinson and Jack Johnson. Progress comes in fits and starts, and this country tends to punish those who urge it to move faster. The reconsideration of Kaepernick has begun.” In August, after the shooting of Jacob Blake, a black man, Goodell said that he wished the NFL had listened earlier to Kaepernick’s reasons for kneeling.
Kaepernick supports the abolition of police and prisons. In October 2020, Kaepernick Publishing launched a project with Medium titled “Abolition For The People”, a collection of 30 essays written by several activists calling for police and prison abolition and criticizing prison reform as only “reforming, reshaping, and rebranding”systemic racism.
In February 2020, Kaepernick started Kaepernick Publishing. Kaepernick will publish a memoir through his publishing company and Audible.
Awards and honors
2017 GQ Magazine Citizen of the Year
2017 Sports Illustrated Muhammad Ali Legacy Award
2017 American Civil Liberties Union Eason Monroe Courageous Advocate Award
2017 Puffin/Nation Prize for Creative Citizenship honoree
2018 Amnesty International Ambassador of Conscience Award
2018 Harvard University W. E. B. Du Bois Medal
2020 Ripple of Hope Award from the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Right
Conan the Barbarian – First of many adaptations based on the Conan the Barbarian IP.
Crom, I have never prayed to you before. I have no tongue for it. No one, not even you, will remember if we were good men or bad. Why we fought, and why we died. All that matters is that today, two stood against many. Valor pleases you, so grant me this one request. Grant me revenge! And if you do not listen, the HELL with you!
Conan is a Cimmerian, a barbarian of the far north; he was born on a battlefield and is the son of the village blacksmith Corin. During the battle in Cimmeria, his mother Greshan was fatally wounded by an enemy while attempting to save Corin. The weakened Greshan uses the last of her strength to give birth to her son and names him Conan before she dies. He grew up quickly: by age fifteen he was already a respected warrior, participating in the destruction of the Aquilonian outpost of Venarium.
After this he was struck by wanderlust and began the colorful and exciting adventures chronicled by Howard and others, encountering various fabulous monsters, evil wizards, and beautiful wenches and princesses – he has traveled throughout the world and been a thief and outlaw, a mercenary and commander of a mercenary company, and a pirate. He begins building larger units of men, aiming for greater territorial ambitions, though his efforts are repeatedly thwarted, usually by the total massacre of his force excepting himself. But in his forties, he finally succeeds in becoming king of Aquilonia, the most powerful kingdom of the age, having strangled the previous ruler, Numedides, on the steps of the throne. In his sixties, Conan leaves his country—never to return—to seek new battles in the uncharted west, leaving Conan II, his son by Queen Zenobia (a former Nemedian slave girl), to rule Aquilonia in his stead. Although Conan’s adventures often result in him performing heroic feats, his motive is more than often his own survival, enrichment or rise to power and he thus displays many of the characteristics of an anti-hero.
Cowboy Bebop – Live-action adaptation of the well-regarded anime series. The series will star John Cho, Mustafa Shakir, and Alex Hassell. Since 2019 with it being delayed twice so far.
Cuckoo Song – British horror series about two warring sisters.
Cyberpunk: Edgerunners – Anime series based on the hit video-game series.
DeadEndia – Hamish Steele helms this new animated series based on graphic novels.
– One of the many Roald Dahl projects in development.
Entergalactic – Kenya Barris and Kid Cudi team up to bring his next album to life in this animated series.
Esio Trot – Another one of the many series in development for Netflix’s Roald Dahl’s library.
Farzar – New animated series from the creators of Netflix’s Paradise PD.
Firekeeper’s Daughter – Young adult thriller from the Obamas production company based on the debut novel from Angeline Boulley.
First Kill – Vampire series featuring Emma Roberts.
Free Food for Millionaires – Alan Yang teaming up with author Min Jin Lee to adapt the 2007 novel which is set to be a period drama in 1990s Manhattan.
From Scratch – Zoe Saldana will feature in this drama about an American woman filling in love with a man while studying in Italy.
Game Changer – Adaptation of the novel by Neal Shusterman.
George’s Marvellous Medicine – Another one of the Roald Dahl adaptations.
God’s Favorite Idiot – Sitcom workplace comedy featuring Melissa McCarthy and Ben Falcone.
Good Times – An animated reboot from Seth Macfarlane.
Great National Parks – Docu-series from the Obamas production company exploring the world’s best national parks.
Guillermo del Toro Presents 10 After Midnight – Horror anthology series.
Half Bad – British series about a 16-year-old who is the illegitimate son of a witch.
Halston – Ewan McGregor headlines this Ryan Murphy limited series that documents the rise of the famed fashion designer.
Heartbreak High – Australian teen series reboot expected to release in 2022.
Heartstopper – Euros Lyn who has helmed Sherlock and Doctor Who will be adapting the YA graphic novel Heartstopper for Netflix into an eight-part series.
Heaven’s Forest – New action animated series from the creators of Netflix’s Castlevania.
Hit and Run – New series from the creators of Fauda for Netflix. Stars Lior Raz about a man looking for answers after his wife was killed by a hitman.
Human Resources – From the team that bought you Big Mouth comes a new workplace sitcom.
I Heart Arlo – A spinoff animation series to the Netflix movie Arlo the Alligator which released in early 2021.
Inside Job – Animated workplace comedy.
Inside Man – BBC co-production mini-series from Steven Moffat.
Inventing Anna – Limited series from
Isabella’s Witch Chronicles – Kids adventure series about a dragon-witch princess narrating her life.
Johnny Test (Season 7) – Continuation of the Cartoon Network series coming exclusively to Netflix.
Jupiter’s Legacy – May 7th – Netflix’s first major solo foray into the superhero universe of Millarworld begins in 2021 with the release of season one of Jupiter’s Legacy.
Kaos – British historical comedy that looks into Greek mythology.
Kings of America – Adam McKay and Amy Adams reunited for a limited series on the rise of Walmart.
Life in Colour – David Attenborough docu-series looking at how animals use color in their day-to-day lives.
Lockwood & Co. – Adaptation of The Screaming Stiarcase with Joe Cornish adapting.
Lost Ollie – From 21 Laps Entertainment comes this highly anticipated limited series about a lost toy searching across the country for the boy who lost him. Prep the tissues.
Maid – Margot Robbie produces this dramedy that is inspired by the memoir of the same name. The cast for the series is huge and currently includes Margaret Qualley, Nick Robinson, and Andie MacDowell.
Magic: The Gathering – Animated series produced by the Russo Brothers based on the card trading game. Rumored for release in 2021.
Man vs Bee – British comedy series from Rowan Atkinson.
Maya and the Three – A stunning new animated series from Jorge Gutierrez about a warrior princess embarking on a quest to save the world of men and gods.
Midnight Mass – One of the new projects from horror super producer Mike Flagan is Midnight Mass. The series is about an isolated island community that experiences strange events and employs the help of a young priest to figure out what’s going on.
Mr. Harrigan’s Phone – Jason Blum and Ryan Murphy produced horror series. Not expected for 2021.
Monster: The Jeffrey Dahmer Story – New limited series on the well-covered serial killer Jeffery Dahmer with Evan Peters leading.
Mulligan – Animated adult sitcom from Robert Charlock and Sam Means featuring the voice of Tina Fey.
Notes on Love – Shonda Rhimes anthology series.
Oggy Oggy – Preschool animation series from Xilam Animation.
Painkiller – Limited series from Eric Newman and Peter Berg about the opioid crisis.
Pieces of Her – Based on the 2018 novel by Karin Slaughter, this series will star Toni Collette, Bella Heathcote, and David Wenham. Follows a woman who is caught up in a deadly mass shooting in a diner and witnessing her mother swooping in to save the day.
Portrait of a Thief – Grace Li’s book will be adapted by Michael Sugar via his big output deal for Netflix.
Q-Force – LGBT animated series from Mike Shur, Sean Hayes and Todd Milliner.
Recursion – Matt Reeves and Shonda Rhimes team up on both a movie and TV series adapting the sci-fi novel from Black Crouch.
Red Rose – BBC horror co-production from one of the producers of Sex Education on Netflix.
Reset: My Fight for Inclusion and Lasting Change – Shonda Rhimes produced biopic series on Ellen Pao’s memoir who took on the big boys of tech.
Resident Evil – Live-action series with Andrew Dabb (Supernatural) showrunning.
Samurai Rabbit: The Usagi Chronicles – CGI series with Gaumont Animation teaming up with Netflix Animation.
Sex/Life – Sarah Shahi, Mike Vogel, and Adam Demos feature in this love triangle comedy series helmed by Stacy Rukeyser.
Shadecraft – Lucifer showrunner Joe Henderson set his next project at Netflix which will adapt the upcoming comic book from Image Comics.
Sharkdog – Nickelodeon animated series due out in 2021.
Skull Island – Animated series based on the Monsterverse featuring King Kong.
Splinter Cell – Anime series based on the video game character.
Spongebob Spinoff Series – An untitled spin-off series based on Spongebob Squarepants.
Stay Close – Harlan Coben series starring Cush Jumbo, James Nesbitt, and Richard Armitage.
Sonic Prime – Animated series based on the fast hedgehog game series from Sega.
Sparking Joy with Marie Kondo – New reality series with the Japanese consultant.
Sunshine Scouts – Dark comedy from Shonda Rhimes and Shondaland with Jill Alexander starring and showrunning. “apocalyptic disaster spares a rag-tag group of teenage girls at sleepaway camp who must then summon their moxie”.
Super Crooks – Anime series based on the Millarworld comic series.
Sweet Tooth – Superhero series from the DC Universe executive produced by Robert Downey Jr with Jeff Lemire showrunning.
Sword Art Online – A live-action adaptation of the anime series.
The 39 Steps – Benedict Cumberbatch limited series rebooting the classic thriller novel that was last adapted by Alfred Hitchcock.
The 50th Law – Kenya Barris and 50 Cent team for an adaptation of Curtis Jackson’s bestselling book.
The BFG – Animated mini-series based on the Roald Dahl novel.
The Chair – Sandra Oh and Jay Duplass will star in this dramedy produced by David Benioff and D.B. Weiss.
The Chronicles of Narnia – Not expecting any TV releases of Narnia but are expecting to hear more on the roadmap in 2021.
The City of Brass – Historical fantasy series with Edgar Wright, Nira Park, Joe Cornish and Racheal Prior producing.
The Girls on the Bus – Greg Berlanti and Julie Plec adaptation of the best selling Chasing Hillary.
The Green Beret’s Guide to Surviving the Apocalypse – Comedy anthology series covering different world-ending scenarios.
The House – Animated dark comedy from Nexus Studios.
The Hype House – Reality series featuring TikTok stars.
The Last Bus – Described as an eco-fable, the series will be a sci-fi road trip.
The Lincoln Lawyer – TV adaptation based on the book.
The Magic Order –
The Midnight Club – Mike Flanagan horror series due to film in early 2021.
The New Adventures of Oggy – Xilam Animation returns for their fourth Netflix Original project due out in late 2021.
The Pentaverate – Mike Myers comedy series.
The Red Zone – Sam Mendes produced series based on a middling football club in the UK.
The Residence – Shondaland will be adapting this Kate Andersen Brower nonfiction book.
The Sandman – DC series based on the comic book series from Niel Gaiman.
The Screaming Staircase – TV adaptation by Joe Cornish about agencies fighting off ghosts.
The Three-Body Problem – The first major TV series from David Benioff and D.B. Weiss. Don’t expect this one to release for a couple of years but we could hear more about casting etc in 2021.
The Upshaws – Multicam sitcom starring Wanda Sykes and Mike Epps.
A father brings up his baby girl as a single dad after the unexpected death of his wife who died a day after their daughter’s birth.
The Ice Road
Starts June 25
Lucy and Adrian find their dream fertility doctor in the illustrious Dr. Hindle. But after becoming pregnant, Lucy begins to notice something sinister behind Hindle’s charm, and she sets out to uncover the unsettling truth about him.
Full List of What’s New on Hulu — June 2021
Available June 1
American Ninja Warrior: Season 13 Premiere Housebroken: Series Premiere Small Fortune: Series Premiere 50/50 A Most Wanted Man A Perfect Day A Prayer For The Dying The Adventures of Tintin Across the Universe Alive Anacondas: The Hunt For the Blood Orchid Anaconda 3: Offspring Anacondas: Trail Of Blood Arachnophobia Batman Begins The Big Chill The Birdcage Black And White The Blair Witch Project The Blair Witch Project: Book of Shadows Bloody Sunday Blue Streak The Boondock Saints II: All Saints Day Bucky Larson: Born To Be A Star Charlotte’s Web The Company You Keep Conviction Convicts Convoy The Cookout The Dark Knight Desperate Measures Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo Dragonfly Driven El Dorado Face/Off The Forbidden Kingdom The Full Monty Fun in Acapulco Gamer Get Smart Hanging Up Hud The Hustler Jennifer 8 Jennifer’s Body Just Wright Kick-Ass Kung Pow: Enter The Fist Last Chance Harvey The Last House on the Left Little Women (1994) The Long Goodbye The Love Letter The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Once Upon A Crime… Ordinary People Places In The Heart Primary Colors Revolutionary Road Richie Rich Rules of Engagement Sabrina (1995) Savage State Saving Silverman Scorpio Silence Slumdog Millionaire The Soloist Some Girls Something’s Gotta Give Soul Survivors Still Waiting Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Switchback The Time Machine To Die For The Upside Vanity Fair Waiting… Walking Tall Wayne’s World 2 Weekend at Bernie’s Wilde Wings Of Courage Witless Protection Young Adult
Available June 2
America’s Got Talent: Season 16 Premiere
Available June 3
MasterChef: Season 11 Premiere A Glitch in the Matrix Night of the Kings
Available June 4
The New York Time Presents: New Episode Beat Shazam: Season 4 Premiere
Available June 5
Emergency Call: Season 2 Premiere Rams
Available June 7
Celebrity Family Feud: Season 7 Premiere The Chase: Season 2 Premiere To Tell the Truth: Season 7 Premiere
Available June 8
The Bachelorette: Season 17 Premiere Legion of Brothers
Available June 9
The Croods: A New Age
Available June 10
Card Sharks: Season 3 Premiere Trolls: TrollsTopia: Complete Season 3 Trust Two of Us
Available June 11
Love, Victor: Season 2 Premiere Real Housewives of Potomac: Complete Season 5 Come True
Available June 13
Dragonheart Dragonheart: A New Beginning Dragonheart: Battle for the Heartfire Not Fade Away Willy’s Wonderland
Available June 14
Rurangi: Complete Season 1
Available June 15
Accused: Guilty or Innocent?: Complete Season 1 Alone: Complete Season 7 Alone: The Beast: Complete Season 1 America Our Defining Hours: Complete Season 1 The Celebrity Dating Game: Complete Season 1 Dance Moms: Complete Season 8 Duck Dynasty: Complete Season 3 Forged in Fire: Complete Season 7 Hoarders: Complete Season 11 Married at First Sight: Complete Season 11 Mountain Men: Complete Season 6 Swamp People: Complete Season 11 The UnXplained with William Shatner: Complete Season 1B Born to Play Gone Girl Her Deadly Sugar Daddy Her Name Is Chef Michael Smerconish: Things I Wish I Knew Before I Started Talking Nasrin The Obituary of Tunde Johnson The Outside Story Secret Life of a Celebrity Surrogate
Available June 17
DAVE: Season 2 Premiere Phobias
Available June 18
Holey Moley 3D in 2D: Season 3 Premiere The Hustler: Season 2 Premiere When Nature Calls: Series Premiere
Available June 20
The Guilt Trip
Available June 21
Cutthroat Kitchen: Complete Seasons 2-3 Worst Cooks in America: Complete Season 4 Backyard Builds: Complete Seasons 1-4 Big Bucket Food List: Complete Season 1-2 Family Home Overhaul: Complete Season 1 Farmhouse Facelift: Complete Season 1 Home to Win: Complete Seasons 1-3 Home to Win for the Holidays: Complete Season 1 Jr. Chef Showdown: Complete Seasons 1-2 Save My Reno: Complete Seasons 1-4 Hot Market: Complete Season 1 Wall of Chefs: Complete Season 1 Hostiles
Available June 22
Available June 23
College Bowl: Series Premiere Motherland: Fort Salem: Season 2 Premiere
Available June 24
An American Haunting
Available June 25
FALSE POSITIVE Making It: Season 3 Premiere
Available June 26
The Choe Show: Series Premiere
Available June 27
Safer at Home
Available June 29
Bratz: The Movie Harvie & The Magic Museum
Available June 30
Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters Jack Reacher The Sweet Life
Amazon Prime Video in June 2021
Rewatch Brad Pitt in Fight Club, or catch all the feelings watching Channing Tatum and Amanda Seyfried fall in love in the Nicholas Sparks romance Dear John.
50/50 (2011) Adaptation (2002) Ali (2001) Alive (1993) An American Werewolf In London (1981) Burn After Reading (2008) Chicken Run (2000) Colombiana (2011) Courageous (2011) Dear John (2010) Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo (2005) Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004) Fight Club (1999) I Spy (2002) Little Man (2006) Mo’ Money (1992) Rent (2005) Revolutionary Road (2008) Seeking A Friend For The End Of The World (2012) Seven Pounds (2008) Signs (2002) Spring Break (1983) Step Brothers (2008) Stomp The Yard (2007) Take Shelter (2011) Takers (2010) Testament Of Youth (2015) The Fisher King (1991) The House Bunny (2008) The Wrestler (2009) This Means War (2012) Tyler Perry’s Madea’s Witness Protection (2015) We Own The Night (2007) American Experience: Stonewall Uprising (2011) (PBS Documentaries) Growing Up Trans (2015) (PBS Documentaries) Hurley (2019) (Motortrend) Keith Haring: Street Art Boy (2020) (PBS Living) Man in the Orange Shirt: Season 1 (PBS Masterpiece) Queer as Folk: Season 1 (Showtime) Rastamouse: Season 1 (Kidstream) Slavery by Another Name (2012) (PBS Documentaries) The L Word: Generation Q: Season 1 (Showtime) Work in Progress: Season 1 (Showtime)
Dom – Amazon Original Series: Season 1 The Family Man – Amazon Original Series: Season 2 Britannia: Season 2
Billions: Season 4
Pinocchio (2020) Flack – Amazon Original Series: Season 2
Chivas: El Rebaño Sagrado – Amazon Original Series: Season 1
Bosch – Amazon Original Series: Season 7 September Mornings (Manhãs de Setembro) – Amazon Original Series: Season 1
New on HBO Max in June 2021
A Shot In The Dark, 1964 (HBO)
The American President, 1995
The Aviator, 2004 (HBO)
Bangkok Dangerous, 2008 (HBO)
Black Rain, 1989 (HBO)
Bless The Child, 2000 (HBO)
The Bonfire of the Vanities, 1990
The Conjuring 2, 2016
Curse Of The Pink Panther, 1983 (HBO)
Dirty Pretty Things, 2003 (HBO)
Disaster Movie, 2008 (Extended Version) (HBO)
Doctor Sleep, 2019 (Director’s Cut) (HBO)
Dr. Strangelove, 1964
Drillbit Taylor, 2008 (HBO)
Eight Men Out, 1988 (HBO)
El Cantante, 2007
El Nombre Del Hijo (Aka The Name Of The Son), 2019 (HBO)
El Remedio (Aka The Prescription), 2019 (HBO)
Extract, 2009 (HBO)
Eyes Wide Shut, 1999
Fast Company, 1979 (HBO)
Feast Of Love, 2007 (HBO)
The Green Mile, 1999
The Grifters, 1990 (HBO)
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, 2001
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, 2002
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, 2004
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, 2005
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, 2007
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, 2009
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, 2010
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2, 2011
The Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Galaxy, 2005 (HBO)
How To Be Single, 2016 (HBO)
Humboldt County, 2008 (HBO)
Iris, 2001 (HBO)
It Takes Two, 1995 (HBO)
Jerry Maguire, 1996
Just Married, 2003 (HBO)
Kajillionaire, 2020 (HBO)
Kung Fu Hustle, 2005
Leapfrog: Math Adventure to the Moon, 2010
Leapfrog: Numbers Ahoy, 2011
Leapfrog: The Letter Factory, 2003
The Manhattan Project, 1986 (HBO)
Matchstick Men, 2003 (HBO)
Mindhunters, 2005 (HBO)
Miss Congeniality, 2000
National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation, 1989
National Lampoon’s Dorm Daze 2: College @ Sea, 2013 (Extended Version) (HBO)
National Lampoon’s Vacation, 1983
Orange County, 2002 (HBO)
Other People’s Money, 1991 (HBO)
Pale Rider, 1985
The Pink Panther, 1964 (HBO)
The Pink Panther, 2006 (HBO)
The Pink Panther 2, 2009 (HBO)
The Pink Panther Strikes Again, 1976 (HBO)
Presumed Innocent, 1990 (HBO)
Rat Race, 2001 (HBO)
Return Of The Pink Panther, 1975 (HBO)
Revenge Of The Pink Panther, 1978 (HBO)
Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, 1991
Sherlock Holmes, 2009
Son Of The Pink Panther, 1993 (HBO)
Stoker, 2013 (HBO)
Take Me Home Tonight, 2011 (HBO)
This Is 40, 2012 (Extended Version) (HBO)
Three Days Of The Condor, 1975 (HBO)
Tim Burton’s Corpse Bride, 2005
Trail Of The Pink Panther, 1982 (HBO)
True Romance, 1993
Wedding Crashers, 2005
The Wedding Singer, 1998
Without a Trace
To Your Eternity (Dubbed) (Crunchyroll Collection)
The Fungies!, Max Original Season 2A Premiere
Juan Luis Guerra 4.40: Entre Mar Y Palmeras (HBO)
Conjuring: The Devil Made Me Do It (Available to all HBO Max subscribers for 31 days)
El Ultimo Balsero (Aka The Last Rafter), 2020
Clueless, 1995 (HBO)
Off the Air, Season 10
Rizzoli & Isles
Billy on the Street
Killerman, 2019 (HBO)
Young Hearts, 2020
F9: The Fast Saga: HBO First Look, (HBO)
Hacks, Max Original Season 1 Finale
Lazor Wulf, Season 2
Legendary, Max Original Season 2 Finale
Betty, Season 2 Premiere (HBO)
In the Heights (Available to all HBO Max subscribers for 31 days)
The 40-Year-Old Virgin, 2005 (HBO)
Revolution Rent, Documentary Premiere (HBO)
Summer Camp Island, Max Original Season 4 Premiere
The Little Things, 2021 (HBO)
Fatale, 2020 (HBO)
Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel (HBO)
LFG, Max Original Documentary Premiere
Explota Explota (Aka My Heart Goes Boom!), 2020 (HBO)
PAUSE with Sam Jay, Season 1 Finale (HBO)
The Legend of the Underground, Documentary Premiere (HBO)
Released June TBA
Full Bloom, Max Original Season 2 Premiere Genera+ion, Max Original Season 1, Part 2 Premiere In Treatment, Season 4 Finale (HBO) Starstruck, Max Original Series Premiere
New On Disney+ June 2021
Here is one of the best new original series coming to the platform this June:
Loki (Released June 9) *Disney+ Original
This brand new Disney+ Original sci-fi crime-thriller series features Loki (Tom Hiddleston), the God of Mischief, as he steps out of his brother, Thor’s (Chris Hemsworth) shadow and embark on a new path involving an alternate reality, time travel, and the threat of erasing his existence if he fails or rejects his new quest. Loki follows the events after Avengers: Engame and features Hiddleston, Owen Wilson, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Wunmi Mosaku,
Luca(Released June 18) *Disney+ Original Movie Premiere
On the Italian Riviera in the 1950s, an unlikely but strong friendship grows between a human being (Emma Berman) and two sea monsters (Jacob Tremblay and Jack Dylan Grazer) disguised as a human . Luca features the vocal talents of Tremblay, Grazer, Berman, Maya Rudolph, Jim Gaffigan, and more.
Wolfgang (Released June 25) *Disney+ Original Movie Premiere
A professional and personal lives of Austrian-born legendary chef Wolfgang Puck. Wolfgang will take you on a journey with Puck from a small-time Austrian apprenticeship to shaking things up at Hollywood restaurant Ma Maison to taking the risk to open his first restaurant, Spago, and more.
Disney+ Release Schedule for June 2021
Wondering what else you’ll be able to watch on Disney+ this month? Here’s the full list of new movies and shows coming out on Disney streaming June 2021:
Released June 4
Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs Marvel Studios Legends *Disney+ Original Raya and the Last Dragon Star Wars: The Bad Batch – Episode 106 *Disney+ Original Us Again X-Men Origins: Wolverine
Released June 9
Loki (Premiere) *Disney+ Original
Released June 11
Star Wars: The Bad Batch – Episode 107 *Disney+ Original The Happiest Millionaire The Incredible Dr. Pol (S18) Zenimation – Season Two Premiere *Disney+ Original
Released June 16
Loki *Disney+ Original
Released June 18
Big Shot (Finale) – Episode 110 “Marvyn’s Playbook” *Disney+ Original Luca (Premiere) *Disney+ Original Star Wars: The Bad Batch – Episode 108 *Disney+ Original
Released June 23
Loki *Disney+ Original
Released June 25
Running Wild With Bear Grylls (S6) Star Wars: The Bad Batch – Episode 109 *Disney+ Original Wolfgang (Premiere) *Disney+ Original
Released June 30
Loki *Disney+ Original
Showtime Schedule for June 2021 Releases
20th Century Women A Thin Line Between Love And Hate Apres Vous Beauty Shop Being Rose Below Brokeback Mountain Can’t Hardly Wait Career Opportunities Carrie Changing Lanes Cloud Atlas Conan the Barbarian Conan the Destroyer Devil in a Blue Dress Fast Times At Ridgemont High Fist of Fury Four Weddings and a Funeral Gladiator Hit! Hoop Dreams House at the End of the Street I, Tonya I’m Gonna Git You Sucka In the Line of Fire Killing Them Softly Lifeguard Mad Hot Ballroom Mimic Moneyball Moonrise Kingdom My Best Friend’s Girl Notting Hill Nutty Professor II: The Klumps Puppet Master Puppet Master II Puppet Master III: Toulon’s Revenge Regarding Henry Road Trip S.F.W. Set It Off Sleepless in Seattle Some Kind of Wonderful Spaceballs Sphere Spy Game Team America: World Police The Appearance The Crying Game The Fighter The Lookout The Nutty Professor The Saint The Wash Tremors Tyler Perry’s Why Did I Get Married? Unforgiven Winter’s Bone
Released June 2
Tyler Perry’s Why Did I Get Married?
Released June 3
Released June 5
The Appearance Wrong Turn (Premiere)
Released June 9
House at the End of the Street
Released June 10
Released June 12
A Call to Spy (Premiere)
Released June 13
My Best Friend’s Girl
Released June 28
20th Century Women
New Showtime Streaming Collections
LGBTQIA+ Pride: Beyond the Opposite Sex Body of Deceit Brokeback Mountain Cloud Atlas Far From Heaven Jules of Light and Dark Lola Make Up Moonlight On the Road Princess Diana, Freddie and Kenny: ‘One Normal Night’ Rafiki Same Sex America Semper Fi Summerland Tell it to the Bees The Long Shadow The Perks Of Being A Wallflower The Siren The Watermelon Woman Tucked
Starz movies and shows streaming in June 2021:
Released June 1
Ahead Of The Curve An Officer and a Gentleman Behind the Curtain: Todrick Hall Biloxi Blues CB4 Cookie’s Fortune Drums Across The River For Love Of The Game ICE – “Blood Brothers” ICE – “Clouds” ICE – “Dig Two Graves… At Least” ICE – “Game Of Stones” ICE – “Heart of Darkness” ICE – “It All Comes to This” ICE – “Rendezvous with Death” ICE – “Strange Friends” ICE – “Thicker Than Water” ICE – “Two Ounces” Innocent Blood Into (2020) Jo Jo Dancer, Your Life Is Calling Life Lucky Number Slevin My Darling Clementine No Good Deed North To Alaska Posse From Hell Redemption Day Return Of The Living Dead, Part II Scary Movie 4 Serviced Sex Club 101 Smoke Signal So I Married an Axe Murderer Taggart The 6th Day The Calling The Devil Wears Prada The Nanny Diaries There’s Something About Mary The Sound Of Identity The Take The War Wagon Tyler Perry’s The Family That Preys Valkyrie Vicky Cristina Barcelona Wimbledon Zack and Miri Make a Porno
Released June 2
Released June 4
Step Up: High Water – “Vogue”
Released June 6
Little Birds – “Episode 1” Run The World – “Love Harlem” The Girlfriend Experience – “Black Box”
Released June 7
The Last Vermeer
Released June 11
Step Up: High Water – “Inversion”
Released June 13
Blindspotting – “The Ordeal” Monster Hunter Little Birds – “Episode 2” Run The World – “Plus Ones” The Girlfriend Experience – “A Set of Lies Agreed Upon”
Released June 16
The Girlfriend Experience – “Integration” The Girlfriend Experience – “State of Mind”
Released June 18
Along Came A Spider Boys On The Side Candy Planet Doctor Detroit Dudley Do-Right I Don’t Know How She Does It It Could Happen To You Little Boy National Lampoon’s Movie Madness Pacific Heights Scorpion King 2: Rise Of A Warrior Season of the Witch Step Up: High Water – “Isolations” Stir Crazy The Last Temptation Of Christ The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption The Swan Princess And The Secret Of The Castle The Swan Princess Christmas The Swan Princess: A Royal Family Tale The Swan Princess: Princess Tomorrow, Pirate Today! The Swan Princess: Royally Undercover The Swan Princess: The Mystery Of The Enchanted Treasure Under Suspicion Untraceable Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story Woman On Top
Released June 20
Blindspotting – “Smashley Rose” Little Birds – “Episode 3”
Released June 23
Released June 25
Step Up: High Water – “Attitude”
Released June 27
Blindspotting – “The Rule of Three” Little Birds – “Episode 4” Run the World – “My Therapist Says…”
Discovery+ Schedule for June 2021 Releases
Released June 2
Lifestyle Too Large
Released June 3
Food Budget Battle
Released June 5
Adventure and Exploration Pushing the Line
Released June 6
Love and Relationships 90 Day Journey: Pride Month
Released June 8
Documentaries Chasing the Thunder Immersions: Secret Islands of the Pacific
Released June 10
Lifestyle Weekend Getaway with Michelle Buteau
Released June 11
Paranormal and Unexplained Shock Docs: The Devil Made Me Do It
Released June 13
Love and Relationships 90 Day Diaries
Released June 16
Home The House My Wedding Bought
Released June 17
Documentaries My Name is Bulger Food Battle of the Brothers
Released June 24
Documentaries Yellowstone Super Volcano: The Next Pompeii
Released June 28
True Crime Relentless
Here’s the full list of new Tubi movies and shows streaming in June 2021:
Released June 1
Action: Anna (1987) Air Force One (1997) Brick Mansions (2014) Gamer (2009) Passenger 57 (1992) Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) Snitch (2013) The Hunter’s Prayer (2017) War (2007)
Anime: Blood+ (2000) Dr. Slump (1981)
Black Cinema: Eve’s Bayou (1997) Hustle & Flow (2005) Let’s Do It Again (1975) Preacher’s Kid (2010) South Central (1992) The Ladies Man (2000) The Perfect Holiday (2007)
Comedy: Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) Guess Who (2005) How to Be a Latin Lover (2017) Midnight in Paris (2011) National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation (1989) South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (1999)
Drama: All the King’s Men (2006) American Hustle (2013) Any Given Sunday (1999) Brick (2005) Eyes Wide Shut (1999) Full Metal Jacket (1987) JFK (1991) Message in a Bottle (1999) My Sister’s Keeper (2009) Rain Man (1988) Rent (2005) Roman J. Israel, Esq. (2017) Sense and Sensibility (1995) Seven Pounds (2008) Striptease (1996) The Truman Show (1998) The Pursuit of Happyness (2006) Troy (2004) Vanilla Sky (2001)
Horror: American Psycho 2 (2002) #FollowFriday (2016) Ghost Ship (2002) House on Haunted Hill (1999) Isle of the Dead (2016) Silent Hill (2006) Urban Legends: The Final Cut (2000)
Kids & Family: Annie (2014) Kung Fu Panda (2008) Rock Dog (2016) Rugrats Go Wild (2003) The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland (1999) Tim Burton’s Corpse Bride (2005)
Pride Month Movies After Sex (2007) Appropriate Behaviour (2015) Arianna (2017) Baby Steps (2017) Bit (2019) But I’m a Cheerleader (1999) Carol (2015) De-Lovely (2004) Daughters of the Dust (1991) Double Lover (2017) Farewell, My Queen (2012) Geography Club (2013) God’s Own Country (2017) Haymaker (2021) Heartstone (2016) How to Win at Checkers (Every Time) (2015) Jeffrey (1995) I Am Love (2009) I Love You Phillip Morris (2009) Laurence Anyways (2012) Maurice (1987) Naz & Maalik (2015) Our Body (2018) Rent (2005) Tangerine (2015) Temblores (2019) The New Girlfriend (2014) They (2018) XXY (2007)
Pride Month TV Series Big Freedia: Queen of Bounce (2013) Lip Service (2012) Queer as Folk (2000) Queer Icon (2019) Pride: The Series (2013)
LEGO Friends: The Power of Friendship (2016) Netflix Original
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 12th
Addicted to Life (2014)
Don’t Crack Under Pressure (2015)
Don’t Crack Under Pressure II (2016)
Don’t Crack Under Pressure III (2017)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 13th
Ant Scream (2010)
Savage Raghda (2018)
The Cell (2017)
The Right One (2011)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 15th
3 Seconds Divorce (2018)
A Family Man (2016)
Humsafar (Season 1)
LEGO House – Home of the Brick (2018)
Memory Games (2018)
Monopoly (The Bank Of Luck) (2017)
Skin Wars: Fresh Paint (2016)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 16th
Zindagi Gulzar Hai (2012)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 18th
Antariksha Ke Rakhwale (2018)
Dragonkala Ka Rahasya (2018)
Samudri Lootere (2018)
Super Bheem Bana Vajraveer (2018)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 19th
Club Friday The Series 7 (2016)
Love Rhythms – Accidental Daddy (2016)
The Underwear (2017)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 20th
The Darkest Dawn (2016)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 21st
Salem: His Sister’s Father (2014)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 22nd
Dark Skies (2013)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 23rd
Cooking on High (Season 1) Netflix Original
Heavy Rescue: 401 (2 Seasons) Netflix Original
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 27th
The Secret Life of Pets 2 (2019)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 28th
20th Century Women
Tales of the City (Season 1)
What’s Leaving Netflix on June 29th
Bratz: The Movie (2007)
Available June 10 on Paramount+: “Infinite”
The hallucinations of a schizophrenic are revealed to be memories from past lives where he obtained talents that he still has to this day.
Available June 11 on Apple TV+: “Home Before Dark” Season 2
A girl moves to a lakeside town where her father once lived; while there, she unearths a cold case that everyone, including her father, tried to bury.
Is home before dark a true story?
Inspired by the true story of 9-year-old journalist Hilde Lysiak — who did in fact solve a murder in her town — the new series stars The Florida Project’s Brooklynn Prince as the fearless, determined reporter and Across the Universe Jim Sturgess as her similarly determined father, who teaches her everything he knows
In season two, when a mysterious explosion hits a local farm, reporter Hilde Lisko (Brooklynn Prince) begins an investigation that will lead her to fight a powerful and influential corporation – with the health of her family and Erie Harbor in the balance. In addition to Prince and Jim Sturgess, “Home Before Dark” stars Abby Miller, Kylie Rogers, Michael Weston, Joelle Carter, Aziza Scott, Jibrail Nantambu, Deric McCabe and Rio Mangini. The series is created and executive produced by Dana Fox and Dara Resnik; written and executive produced by Russel Friend and Garrett Lerner; and executive produced by Jon M. Chu, Joy Gorman Wettels, Howard Deutch and Sharlene Martin.
Available June 11 on Hulu:”Love, Victor” Season 2
“Love, Victor” is set in the world of the groundbreaking movie, “Love, Simon,” which was inspired by Becky Albertalli’s acclaimed young adult novel, “Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda,” about a closeted gay teenager who is forced to come out after being blackmailed. The series stars Michael Cimino as Victor, who, like Simon, is on his own journey of self-discovery. Facing challenges at home, navigating the ups and downs of a new high school and exploring his sexual orientation, Victor reaches out to Simon when things become too difficult.
Available June 11 on Amazon Prime Video: “Pinocchio”
Geppetto, a poor Italian carpenter, decides to build a wooden puppet to tour the country and earn him a living. He names it ‘Pinocchio’ and — when the puppet becomes sentient — calls it his son. A Talking Cricket tries to help Pinocchio by giving him advice, but Pinocchio disregards it and burns his feet off in an accident. Geppetto promises him new feet, on the condition that Pinocchio goes to school.
Available June 20 on Paramount+: “Evil” Season 2 premiere
Season 1 Ben and David discover that a fertility clinic is connected to all kinds of seemingly demonic child-related occurrences, including the boy who tried to drown his sister earlier in the season and a miscarriage that led a father-to-be to become a serial killer. on Netflix
Available June 24 on Paramount+: “The Good Fight” Season 5 premiere
The early comics were created right around the time when the United States joined World War II and often reflected the heroism of the brave soldiers overseas. So much so that characters themselves would start as soldiers such as Steve Rogers and John Stewart.
Military Veterans Created Your Favorite Comic Books
Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson – Army
January 4, 1890
Greeneville, Tennessee, U.S.
September 21, 1968 (aged 78) New York City, New York, U.S.
Elsa Sachsenhausen Bjorkböm
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (b. January 4th, 1890 – d.September 21st, 1965) was a writer.
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (January 4, 1890– September 21, 1968)was an American pulp magazine writer and entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic book, publishing the first such periodical consisting solely of original material rather than reprints of newspaper comic strips. Historian and author David Hajdu credits Wheeler-Nicholson as “the link between the pulps and what we know of as comics today.”
Long after his departure from the comic-book company he founded, Wheeler-Nicholson’s National Allied Publications would evolve into DC Comics, one of the United States’ two largest comic book publishers along with rival Marvel Comics. He was a 2008 Judges’ Choice inductee into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame.
Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson was born in Greeneville,Tennessee. His father, whose surname was Strain, died in 1894, after the birth of his second son, Malcolm’s brother Christopher. Another sibling, a sister, died in 1894, when Malcolm was four.Their mother, Antoinette Wheeler, afterward moved to New York City, became a journalist, and later joined a start-up women’s magazine in Portland, Oregon. By this time she had changed her last name to “Straham”, a variant of “Strain”, and upon marrying teacher T. J. B. Nicholson, who would become the boys’ stepfather, reverted to her maiden name and appended her new married name.The brothers were raised in “an iconoclastic, intellectual household” where his family entertained such guests as Theodore Roosevelt and Rudyard Kipling.
Wheeler-Nicholson spent his boyhood both in Portland and on a horse ranch in Washington state. Raised riding horses, he went on to attend the military academy The Manlius School in DeWitt, New York, and in 1917 joined the U.S. Cavalry as a second lieutenant. According to differing sources, he rose to become either “the youngest major in the Army”, the youngest in the Cavalry, or, as per the family, one of the youngest in the Cavalry, at age 27, By his own account, he “chased bandits on the Mexican border, fought fevers and played polo in the Philippines, led a battalion of infantry against the Bolsheviki in Siberia, helped straighten out the affairs of the army in France [and] commanded the headquarters cavalry of the American force in the Rhine”. His outposts included Japan; London, England; and Germany. After World War I, Wheeler-Nicholson was sent to study at Saint-Cyr in Paris, France.
The Major’s public criticism of Army command in an open letter to President Warren G. Harding, and his accusations against senior officers, led to countercharges, hearings, and a lawsuit against West Point Superintendent General Fred W. Sladen. Wheeler-Nicholson also was a victim of a shooting that his family called an Army-sanctioned assassination attempt and the Army called the mistake of a guard who mistook Wheeler-Nicholson for an intruder at another officer’s home.It left him hospitalized with a bullet wound.Following this, Wheeler-Nicholson in June 1922 was convicted in a court-martial trial of violating the 96th Article of War in publishing the open letter. Although he was not demoted, his career was dead-ended. He resigned his commission in 1923.His $100,000 lawsuit against Sladen was dismissed by the New York State Supreme Court the following year.
While studying at the École Supérieure de Guerre in Paris, France, after World War I, Wheeler-Nicholson met Elsa Sachsenhausen Björkbom. They were married in Koblenz, Germany in 1920.Their first child, Antoinette, was born in Stockholm, Sweden, his wife’s home, in February 1921. Antoinette married on April 11, 1945, when Wheeler-Nicholson and his wife lived in Great Neck, New York, on Long Island.
In 1923, their second child, daughter Marianne, was born.Son Malcolm was born in November 1926, in Rye, New York, son Douglas in 1928,[and daughter Diane in 1932. Douglas married on September 2, 1955, by which time Wheeler-Nicholson and his wife were living in Bayside, Queens, New York City.The Major died in 1968 in New York City.
Actress Dana Wheeler-Nicholson (sometimes credited as Dana Wheeler Nicholson), who has appeared in movies including Fletch and Tombstone,such TV series as Sex and the City, Friday Night Lights and Law & Order: Criminal Intentand the soap opera All My Children, is the daughter of Wheeler-Nicholson’s son Douglas.
When did Malcolm Nicholson create DC?
history of DC Comics
Pulp writer Malcolm Wheeler–Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in 1934. The following year the company published New Fun—the first comic book to feature entirely new material rather than reprints of newspaper strip
Joe Simon – Coast Guard
Joseph Henry Simon(born Hymie Simon; October 11, 1913 – December 14, 2011) was an American comic book writer, artist, editor, and publisher. Simon created or co-created many important characters in the 1930s–1940s Golden Age of Comic Books and served as the first editor of Timely Comics, the company that would evolve into Marvel Comics.
With his partner, artist Jack Kirby, he co-created Captain America, one of comics’ most enduring superheroes, and the team worked extensively on such features at DC Comics as the 1940s Sandman and Sandy the Golden Boy, and co-created the Newsboy Legion, the Boy Commandos, and Manhunter. Simon and Kirby creations for other comics publishers include Boys’ Ranch, Fighting American and the Fly. In the late 1940s, the duo created the field of romance comics, and were among the earliest pioneers of horror comics. Simon, who went on to work in advertising and commercial art, also founded the satirical magazine Sick in 1960, remaining with it for a decade. He briefly returned to DC Comics in the 1970s.
Simon was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1999.
Simon was married to Harriet Feldman,with whom he lived on Brown Street in Mineola, New York, on Long Island.The Simons had two sons and three daughters.
Simon died in New York City on December 14, 2011, at the age of 98, after a brief illness.
Marvel Comics dedicated Avenging Spider-Man #5 to Simon.
Why did Joe Simon created Captain America?
Simon explained that he and Kirby created Captain America as a response to Hitler’s rise to power. “We both read the newspapers,” Simon said. “We knew what was going on over in Europe. World events gave us the perfect comic-book villain, Adolf Hitler, with his ranting, goose-stepping and ridiculous moustache
Who invented Captain America?
Captain America, comic-strip superhero created by writer Joe Simon and artist Jack Kirby for Timely (later Marvel) Comics. The character debuted in March 1941 in Captain America Comics no.
Jack Kirby – Army
August 28, 1917
New York City, U.S.
February 6, 1994 (aged 76) Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.
Fantastic Four Fourth World Thor Captain America
Will Eisner Hall of Fame
Bill Finger Award
Jacob Kurtzberg August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994), best known by the pen name Jack Kirby, was an American comic book artist, writer and editor, widely regarded as one of the medium’s major innovators and one of its most prolific and influential creators. He grew up in New York City and learned to draw cartoon figures by tracing characters from comic strips and editorial cartoons. He entered the nascent comics industry in the 1930s, drawing various comics features under different pen names, including Jack Curtiss, before ultimately settling on Jack Kirby. In 1940, he and writer-editor Joe Simon created the highly successful superhero character Captain America for Timely Comics, predecessor of Marvel Comics. During the 1940s, Kirby regularly teamed with Simon, creating numerous characters for that company and for National Comics Publications, later to become DC Comics.
After serving in the European Theater in World War II, Kirby produced work for DC Comics, Harvey Comics, Hillman Periodicals and other publishers. At Crestwood Publications, he and Simon created the genre of romance comics and later founded their own short-lived comic company, Mainline Publications. Kirby was involved in Timely’s 1950s iteration, Atlas Comics, which in the next decade became Marvel. There, in the 1960s under writer-editor Stan Lee, Kirby co-created many of the company’s major characters, including the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, Thor, the Hulk and Iron Man. The Lee–Kirby titles garnered high sales and critical acclaim, but in 1970, feeling he had been treated unfairly, largely in the realm of authorship credit and creators’ rights, Kirby left the company for rival DC.
At DC, Kirby created his Fourth World saga which spanned several comics titles. While these series proved commercially unsuccessful and were canceled, the Fourth World’s New Gods have continued as a significant part of the DC Universe. Kirby returned to Marvel briefly in the mid-to-late 1970s, then ventured into television animation and independent comics. In his later years, Kirby, who has been called “the William Blake of comics”,began receiving great recognition in the mainstream press for his career accomplishments, and in 1987 he was one of the three inaugural inductees of the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame. In 2017, Kirby was posthumously named a Disney Legend with Lee for their co-creations not only in the field of publishing, but also because those creations formed the basis for The Walt Disney Company’s financially and critically successful media franchise, the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Kirby was married to Rosalind Goldstein in 1942. They had four children and remained married until his death from heart failure in 1994, at the age of 76. The Jack Kirby Awards and Jack Kirby Hall of Fame were named in his honor, and he is known as “The King” among comics fans for his many influential contributions to the medium.
Syd Shores – Army
June 3, 1973 (aged 56–57) New York City
Sydney Shores (1916 – June 3, 1973)was an American comic book artist known for his work on Captain America both during the 1940s, in what fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books, and during the 1960s Silver Age of comic books.
Syd Shores began drawing in childhood, fascinated by the comic-strip art of Alex Raymond’s Flash Gordon and Hal Foster’s Prince Valiant. He went to graduate from Brooklyn’s Pratt Institute, where he had met his wife-to-be, Selma.After working seven years at his uncle’s whiskey bottling plant until it closed in 1940, he became an assistant at the studio of Selma’s cousin, the quirkily named Harry “A” Chesler, working under comics artists Mac Raboy and Phil Sturm. “For months I was just a joe-boy, watching and learning and helping wherever I could. I studied Mac Raboy for hours on end — he was slow and meticulous about everything, doing maybe only a single panel of artwork a day, but it was truly beautiful work. After four months I tried my own hand at work, doing a seven-page piece called ‘The Terror’. I was proud of it then, of course, but in looking back it really was a terror!”
“The Terror” still held enough promise that it saw print in Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) from Timely Comics, the 1940s precursor of Marvel Comics, and went on to make other appearances.Timely editor Joe Simon hired Shores as the fledgling company’s third employee.
After his military discharge in January 1946, Shores returned to Timely as art director. Future Comic Book Hall of Famer Gene Colan, a Marvel mainstay from 1946 on, described Shores during this time as “a very quiet man. He would come in with a kind of very slow walk, with a cup of morning coffee in one of these spiral cups and a cigarette in the other. Big smoker. He would say hello to everybody very quietly, and sit down. He’d been in the war in Germany, and sometimes I’d try to feel him out about it. He never wanted to talk about it. Very quiet fellow, but a sweet, sweet guy, and very helpful; very unassuming”.
At postwar Timely and at the company’s 1950s successor, Atlas Comics, Shores was among the artists on the company’s superhero stars the Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner, the Western titles The Black Rider and Kid Colt, Outlaw, the jungle series Jann of the Jungle and Jungle Action, the war comics Battle Action and Battle Brady, and many others including Blonde Phantom.Going freelance in 1948, when virtually all of Timely’s staff positions were eliminated, Shores drew for Atlas, Avon, and Orbit Publications. With Mort Lawrence, who succeeded Bill Everett on The Sub-Mariner, and Norman Steinberg, another Atlas artist, Shores co-founded a comic-art studio in 1952, first in Hempstead, Long Island, and later in nearby Freeport.But with Steinberg’s death in the mid-1950s and Lawrence’s decision to leave the field, Shores returned to individual freelancing, adding magazine illustration to his repertoire. He said in a 1970 interview that, “In 1957, there was a recession in the comic book industry and I was forced to look elsewhere for work. I entered the magazine illustration field. I did illustrations for the men’s adventure-type magazines until 1967. After things picked up again in the comic field I hastened back again to my first love, comics!”His men’s-adventure work includes the cover of publisher Martin Goodman’s Escape to Adventure Sept. 1964, All Man May 1964 (reprinted as cover of Man’s Adventure May 1967) and September 1965; and Man’s Prime August 1966.
Stan Lee – Army
Stanley Martin Lieber
December 28, 1922
New York City, U.S.
November 12, 2018 (aged 95) Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Comic book writer
John Romita Sr.
The Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame
Jack Kirby Hall of Fame
National Medal of Arts
Joan Boocock(m. 1947; died 2017)
Joan Celia Lee
Stan Lee went on to work for the company that would eventually become Marvel Comics. With artist Jack Kirby, Lee launched the superhero team the Fantastic Four in 1961 and was soon responsible for creating popular characters like Spider-Man, the X-Men, the Hulk and Thor. Lee later worked in a number of comic-related business and multimedia ventures.
Stan Lee was born Stanley Martin Lieber on December 28, 1922, in New York City to Romanian immigrants Celia and Jack Lieber. With part of his childhood spent during the Great Depression, Lieber and his younger brother, Larry, watched his parents struggle to make ends meet for the family.
Lieber, who later shortened his name to “Lee” as a writer, went on to be hired as an office assistant at Timely Comics in 1939 and became an interim editor for the company in the early 1940s. Lee also served domestically in the Army during World War II, working as a writer and illustrator.
After graduating from high school at age 16, Lieber was hired as an editorial assistant for Timely Comics, and in 1942 he was promoted to editor. By that time he had begun writing comic-book scripts for Timely as Stan Lee, a pseudonym that eventually became his legal name. In the 1940s and ’50s—during which time the group, later named Atlas, struggled financially—Lee created several comic-book series, including The Witness, The Destroyer, Jack Frost, Whizzer, and Black Marvel.
In 1961 Lee and artist Jack Kirby created The Fantastic Four, about four astronauts who gain superpowers after a cosmic incident. The series made him and Atlas—now known as Marvel—major forces in the comics world. One year later Lee and artist Steve Ditko created Spider-Man. Lee, Kirby, and Ditko adopted a collaborative workflow that came to be known as “the Marvel method.” The technique gave artists significantly more input on story plotting, and it allowed Marvel to produce new content at a dizzying rate. The books joined a roster of increasingly successful series that also included The Incredible Hulk. Lee and Kirby added another winner to the group when they created The X-Men in 1963. A distinctive feature of Lee’s comic-book heroes is that they combine superhuman powers with human insecurities and emotions. Marvel continued to prosper, and in 1972 Lee became publisher and editorial director of the group.
Lee entered the United States Army in early 1942 and served within the US as a member of the Signal Corps, repairing telegraph poles and other communications equipment.He was later transferred to the Training Film Division, where he worked writing manuals, training films, slogans, and occasionally cartooning. His military classification, he said, was “playwright”; he added that only nine men in the U.S. Army were given that title In the Army, Lee’s division included many famous or soon-to-be famous people, including three-time Academy Award-winning director Frank Capra, New Yorker cartoonist Charles Addams, and children’s book writer and illustrator Theodor Geisel, later known to the world as “Dr. Seuss.” Vincent Fago, editor of Timely’s “animation comics” section, which put out humor and funny animal comics, filled in until Lee returned from his World War II military service in 1945. Lee was inducted into the Signal Corps Regimental Association and was given honorary membership of the 2nd Battalion of 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment out of Joint Base Lewis-McChord at the 2017 Emerald City Comic Con for his prior service.
While in the Army, Lee received letters every week on Friday from the editors at Timely, detailing what they needed written and by when. Lee would write stories, then send them back on Monday. One week, the mail clerk overlooked his letter, explaining that nothing was in Lee’s mailbox. The next day, however, Lee went by the closed mailroom and saw an envelope with the return address of Timely Comics in his mailbox. Not willing to miss a deadline, Lee asked the officer in charge to open the mailroom, but the latter refused. So Lee took a screwdriver and unscrewed the mailbox hinges, retrieving the envelope containing his assignment. The mailroom officer saw what he did and turned him into the base captain, who did not like Lee. He faced tampering charges and could have been sent to Leavenworth Prison. However, the colonel in charge of the Finance Department intervened and saved Lee from disciplinary action.
In the mid-1950s, by which time the company was now generally known as Atlas Comics, Lee wrote stories in a variety of genres including romance, Westerns, humor, science fiction, medieval adventure, horror and suspense. In the 1950s, Lee teamed up with his comic book colleague Dan DeCarlo to produce the syndicated newspaper strip My Friend Irma, based on the radio comedy starring Marie Wilson. By the end of the decade, Lee had become dissatisfied with his career and considered quitting the field.
Stan Lee is congratulated by PresidentGeorge W. Bush on receiving the National Medal of Arts in 2008.
The County of Los Angeles and the City of Long Beach declared October 2, 2009, “Stan Lee Day”.
Boston’s Mayor Marty Walsh named August 2, 2015 as “Stan Lee Day” for the city during the annual Boston Comic-Con event.
The office of New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that October 7, 2016 was “Stan Lee Day” for the city during the New York Comic Con event.
At the onset of the 2016 Stan Lee’s Comikaze Expo in Los Angeles, the Los Angeles City Council announced that October 28, 2016 was “Stan Lee Day”.
On July 14, 2017, Lee and Jack Kirby were named Disney Legends for their creation of numerous characters that later comprised Disney’s Marvel Cinematic Universe.
On July 18, 2017, as part of D23 Disney Legends event, a ceremony was held at the TCL Chinese Theatre on Hollywood Boulevard where Stan Lee imprinted his hands, feet, and signature in cement.
The New York City Council voted on July 23, 2019 to name a section of University Avenue in the Bronx, between Brandt Place and West 176th Street, as “Stan Lee Way”.
DC & Marvel Heroes Who Have Served In The U.S. Military
Corsair U.S. Air Force
United States Air Force
Highly skilled pilot, swordsman, and marksman
Many years ago, a test pilot for NASA, United States Air Force Major Christopher Summers, was flying himself, his wife Katherine Anne, and their two young sons Scott and Alex in their private airplane, a rebuilt de Havilland Mosquito, down the Western American coast from Alaska when their plane was attacked by a starship from the alien Shi’ar Empire on an exploratory mission to Earth. The Shi’ar pursued Summers’ craft to prevent Summers from making their presence on Earth known to the general public. The Shi’ar craft fired on Summers’ plane, which was made of wood, causing it to burst into flame. Unable to find more than one usable parachute in time, Katherine Anne put it on her eldest son Scott, told him to hold onto Alex, and pushed them both out the plane door, hoping to save them both. Scott and Alex thus escaped the Shi’ar.
Christopher and his wife were subsequently teleported aboard the Shi’ar starship and taken to the Shi’ar Imperial Throne World of Chandelier. There, Christopher was separated from his wife and imprisoned. He soon broke free and discovered the mad Shi’ar Emperor D’Ken attempting to rape Katherine Anne. D’Ken responded to the interruption by murdering Summers’ wife before his eyes, and then ordered Summers to be sent to the Slave Pits of Alsibar where criminals and political prisoners were incarcerated.
In the Pits, Summers met four aliens who had been imprisoned for various crimes against the Shi’ar Empire – a Saurid named Ch’od, a Lupin named Cr’reee, a Mephitis Oid whom Summers nicknamed Hepzibah (as her true name was unpronounceable by most not of her own species), and a Shi’ar cyborg named Raza Longknife – and together they escaped and stole a starship. Naming their vessel the Starjammer, and themselves the Starjammers, the group functioned as space pirates targeting Shi’ar vessels, thus taking vengeance on the Shi’ar but taking care not to harm innocent passengers in the process. The Starjammers quickly came to be regarded as outlaws by the Shi’ar Empire. In addition, Summers and Hepzibah became lovers.
Corsair was sentenced to work in the mine pits until death, but again managed to escape with a few other prisoners. Stealing a spaceship, the Starjammer, they called themselves the Starjammers. The Starjammers committed piracy attacking Shi’ar vessels. Christopher modeled himself after tales of pirates on Earth and took the name of Corsair. Corsair was in a romantic relationship with Hepzibah, a fellow Starjammer.
Corsair was eventually reunited with his son, Cyclops, when the X-Men ventured into space to repair the M’Kraan Crystal. Phoenix noticed similarities between the two and telepathically discovered their connection, but Corsair made her swear not to tell Scott. Storm also learned of Corsair’s real identity.
Corsair has been reunited with Havok, his son, who brought him news about Vulcan. Corsair decided to support the X-Men (this time the group includes Rachel Summers, Nightcrawler, Warpath, Darwin, Polaris and Professor X) and Lilandra in preventing D’Ken from becoming emperor once more (with the help of Vulcan and Deathbird). In the midst of a battle between the Shi’ar troops loyal to Lilandra (aided by the Starjammers and X-Men) and Shi’ar troops loyal to D’Ken, Vulcan kills D’Ken and proclaims himself emperor. Corsair commands Vulcan to stop the senseless violence, but Vulcan kills Corsair. Subsequently, Alex (Havok) becomes the new leader of the Starjammers, who now include Corsair’s granddaughter Rachel, Polaris, and original members Ch’od and Raza
An excellent pilot who was able to transfer his expertise in conventional aircraft to spacecraft.
A capable swordsman and was proficient with blasters and other weapons of the Shi’ar.
Was trained in military operation, warfare, and airplane and starship maintenance.
Corsair had no superhuman powers, though he was athletic for a man of his age. He was trained in basic hand-to-hand combat, as well as fencing skills and Shi’ar fighting techniques. He also had extensive knowledge of both terrestrial and Shi’ar weapons, and had exceptional piloting skills in both terrestrial and Shi’ar aircraft and spacecraft. He was usually armed with a saber-like Shi’ar blade, and utilized various Shi’ar weapons as needed which he carried in an extra-dimensional pocket, notable among which were twin energy blasters accessible by pressing the “jewels” on his gauntlets
Atlas U.S. Army
Erik Stephan Josten
Masters of Evil
Emissaries of Evil
Power Man, Smuggler, Goliath, Atlas
Pym Particle/Ionic-energy Physiology
Superhuman strength, durability, agility, reflexes and stamina
Size and mass manipulation
Energy manipulation and transference
Regenerative healing factor
Expert hand-to-hand combatant
Skilled marksman & tactician
Erik Josten was an American soldier turned mercenary. On a delivery to South America he was mutated by Baron Zemo’s Ionic Ray by Amora, the Enchantress infusing him with ionic energy, he then joined the Masters of Evil as Power Man.He took many other code names over the years such as the Smuggler.He was later mutated further by Dr. Karlin Malus using Pym Particles to become Goliath.He later became known as Atlas when he tried to become a hero and joined the Thunderbolts.
Erik Josten was born in Milwaukee and raised on a farm 30 miles outside of Madison , Wisconsin the son of Jonathan and Martha Josten. He was one brother from a large midwestern farming family which included Carl and Conrad. Erik’s sister Lindy died in an accident and Erik blamed himself, thinking he could have prevented her death. Wracked with guilt, Josten ran away to join the US Army.When he was later discovered smuggling, Josten ran away from the army to become a soldier-for-hire.
Similarly to Wonder Man and Count Nefaria, Erik Josten is a virtually indestructible immortal made of “ionic energy”, as a result of the application of mutagenic processes developed by Heinrich Zemo.He possesses incredible superhuman dynamism regarding strength, coordination, stamina and durability. He is practically invulnerable even at normal size.
After losing his ionic powers to Nefaria,Josten would gain new abilities as a result of Dr. Karl Malus’ experimentations, additionally gaining the power to increase his size and mass at will. Originally he was limited to convert his normal 6-foot (1.8 m) height to his maximum 60-foot (18 m), but he later learned to increase this limit when he was angry.[Josten psionically draws the additional mass from an extra-dimensional source of “Cosmos”, to which it returns as he decreases in size. At his maximum height he is capable of greatly out matching Namor,or even defeating Hyperion with a single attack.His durability also increases with his height, and if his physical state were ever to be disrupted in any way, he would eventually physically incorporate himself even from death if need be, giving him an expedient regenerative ability capable of reconstructing his body given enough time.
Once, when helping renegade Kosmossians, he was able to absorb the majority of the mass from their prison, allowing them to escape. His obsession with size and power made him their prisoner as they continually filled him with the mass from their prison. Encased in an extra dimension, and hundreds of miles tall, he was saved by the 100-foot Giant Man (Henry Pym) and was returned to normal size and in a coma. In a similar vein he could funnel Pym Particle energies through himself from Kosmos in order to cause all manner of mass shifting induction that affected everyone and everything differently (such as giving Clint Barton his size-shifting abilities without Pym Particle intake).
After Nefaria had consolidated his ionic energy to be predominant, Eric gained access to the fullest effect of his latent abilities.As his ionic force meshes with the growth particles in his system; Goliath also has access to certain abilities Simon and Nefaria do not, such as extra-dimensional breech generation, which can be turned against him if he grows too large or has his energy polarity shifted.Becoming pure ionic energy much like the Nefaria and Wonder Man; making him powerful enough to stalemate two superhero teams.Able to fly by force of will, maintain increased physicals while at normal height, lacking the need for physical sustenance and absorb, transfer or manipulate ionic energy at will. After his energy form became unstable and he exploded, Atlas started using the crippled Dallas Riorden as an anchor in order to manifest in the living world, giving her some of his Atlas powers and an energy form to match. Powers beyond increased physical ability such as his size shifting, energy manipulation and flight.Even while separated from her, Eric could still bestow on Riorden some of his ionic energy, giving her both mobility and slightly enhanced conditioning back.
Josten is a good hand-to-hand combatant, having received combat training in armed and unarmed offense when working both in the military and as a mercenary. He’s an able pilot and aviation specialist, capable of flying most any kind of aerodynamic vehicle. And while preferring to serve rather than lead, Mr. Josten also excels as a combat strategist while on the field.
Erik’s parents were farmers who lost their farm as a result of Erik’s crimes as Power Man making the news. No one in their town would do business with the Jostens. His older brother Carl became an alcoholic and a gambling addict. His younger sister Lindy was killed when she was 10 years old and Erik was 17. She tried to follow him and his friends on her bike and was eventually hit by a car.His younger brother Conrad was so ashamed of Erik that he ran away and changed his name.Carl was murdered by a loan shark he owed money to. Conrad was inducted into the Redeemers and took Erik’s previous codename Smuggler and was given a suit that allowed him to access the darkforce dimension.Conrad and the majority of the Redeemers were killed by the villain Graviton. Years later Zemo coerced Erik into betraying the Thunderbolts by offering to save Conrad from the darkforce dimension.Conrad briefly serves a member of the Thunderbolts alongside Erik and they made peace with their past.
Pym Particles/Ionic Energy Form: When Erik’s abilities are functioning properly, his body is charged with ionic energy which he can channel into augmented strength and durability and the power to grow to gigantic sizes. As Power Man, Josten had phenomenal superhuman strength and resistance to physical injury due to his body being suffused with radiation from “ionic rays”.As Goliath, Josten’s invulnerability and strength returned to their normal levels, and he could also increase his size to upwards from 50 to 60 feet due to a formula based on the size-changing Pym Particles.
Immeasurable Strength: Erik’s strength has only been active when he change sizes, increasing as he grows, though this limitation may be more psychological than physical. At larger sizes he is strong enough to lift well over 100 tons. At his normal size, Erik can physically lift 30 tons.
Invulnerability: Same as his strength, Erik’s durability is incredibly resistant to most forms of injury.
Limitless Stamina: Erik’s body is charged with ionic energy, grants him considerably almost limitless physical stamina in all activities.
Increased Perceptions and Reflexes: Josten also boasts superior physical reflexes to the most refined human specimen.
Energy Form (Latent): Due to being a creature of pure ionic energy, Josten also has the ability to shift between energy form and physical facsimile at will. He was fully converted into raw energy state by Count Nefaria while under his control.
Adaptive Possession (Latent): In Ionic form, Josten was able to imbue his power as well as dynamistic state onto his old flame Dallas similarly to how Lucifer of the Quist could with his own host, this also had the effect of restoring him to life once whence after he had died.
Flight (Latent): With his full potential realized, Atlas can fly under his own power without need of propulsion assistance. So far he’s only been shown doing so while in an energized state and not his simulated human form.
Energy Manipulation (Latent): While hosting Dallas, the two of them exhibited some limited capacity to manipulate energy similarly to Simon and Nefaria. The Atlas amalgam could project ionic Force as energy blasts and protective force fields when in tandem with one another.
Energy Transferal: While somewhat involuntary, Erik can shift his Ionic Energy between himself and Dallas since the two where in tandem for so long a time. When he utilizes his ionic force she lapses back into her paralysis. But he can willingly, with concentration, impart his dynamic force back into her in order to bestow her mobility and physical enhancement.
Pan-Dimensional Phasing (Latent): As a consequence of either his unstable energy form, overuse of the Pym Particles or combining the two in his powerset. Atlas suffered from infrequent shifts in trans spatial covariance that would cause him to warp between the kosmossian home dimension and back whenever he pushed his powers too hard, i.e. growing too large too fast and his ionic structure dissipating into the aether by mistake. Or when the ionic portion of his powers changed in polarity which inversely affects the pym particle’s in his system enough to home in on their source dimension.
Breach Creation (Latent): Through his size shifting, when Josten draws on more mass from the Kosmos Dimension; he temporarily weakens the hyperspace wall that cordons off the Earth-616 universe from the rest of the microverse. This can also have an effect on anyone and everyone who’ed been in hyperphase with the Kosmosian Mists/Pym Particles saturating their plane of existence, eventually resulting in small tears between the two worlds to form that allows traversal between the main universe and the Kosmosian home reality.
Immortality: Being an Ionic being, Josten is functionally immortal. Able to resurrect himself so long as he has a potent emotional tether to bind him to the physical world, effectively making him incredibly long lived as well as undying.
Self-Sustenance (Latent): As such given his non-corporeal state, Erik Josten does not need to eat, sleep or breath in order to thrive. Being able to shunt himself into outer-space without even a hint of discomfort within its cold, harsh vacuum.
Healing Factor (Latent): Shown to have an impressive recovery capacity having been able to physically reintegrate himself after getting blown up in a massive ionic detonation.
Size Alteration: Through his steady infusion of Pym Particles. Atlas could change his physical size by sheer force of will, alternatively growing stronger and more resilient with increased height. Once he was grown to unimaginable size by a race of cosmic scavengers in order to mine ionic energy and Pym Particles from his body.
Mass Particle Transference (Latent): While prisoner to the Kosmosian criminals within the origin point of the Pym Particles. Josten was used as an extra-dimensional funnel to channel his unique brand of growth particles into the earth which effected organic and non-biological abstracts differently, causing machinery to go haywire or affecting various people on Earth to react differently to exposure. Shifting between differing sizes or falling comatose due to tampering by outside forces.
Hand-to-Hand Combat (Experience): Erik’s military and mercenary training and experience have made him a skilled unarmed combatant and decent combat tactician, though he generally prefers to follow orders.
Trained Piloted: Josten has some experience in piloting small aircraft.
Trained Marksmen: Josten was trained in the use of firearms.
In excess of 100 Tons (at height of 60 feet); 20–30 tons at normal height.
Adamantium: Adamantium is one of the few materials that can harm him.
Ionic Lock: Countermeasure device constructed by Madame Masque which temporarily seals an Ionic powered being’s abilities, effectively cutting off their powers.
Bullseye U.S. Army
Benjamin “Dex” Poindexter, Leonard, Daredevil, Hawkeye
Expert martial artist
Exceptional physical condition
Use of edged/throwing weapons and conventional firearms
Spinal column and various other bones laced with adamantium
Innate ability to throw virtually any object as a projectile
Weight: 175 lbs
Eye Color: Blue
Hair Color: Blond
Place of Birth: Queens, New York City, New York
Marital Status: Single
Occupation: Adventurer, government agent/prisoner; former paid assassin, soldier, mercenary, extortionist, thief, baseball pitcher
Known Relatives: Kingmaker (father, deceased), Nathan (brother, deceased), The Wilkersons (foster parents)
Bullseye grew up in The Bronx, where he lived with his brother and their abusive father. His brother’s main form of recreation was playing with rifles, leading him to become an expert shot. When he was 10 years old, his brother started a fire in their home in an unsuccessful attempt to kill their father. Shortly thereafter, Bullseye was placed in a foster home, and became a baseball player in high school. He was an extremely talented pitcher, and was offered a scholarship, but instead opted to enter the minor leagues. After three games, he was called up to play a sold-out Major League game. He had surrendered no hits the entire game, and in the bottom of the ninth with two outs, he became bored and requested the coach pull him from the game. The coach refused, and insisted that he finish the game. The opposing team’s batter mocked him, accusing him of cowardice. Bullseye threw the ball at his head, killing him. As the ball struck, he said only one word: “Bullseye”. He was barred from professional baseball and convicted of manslaughter.
This is a retcon of a previous origin story, which depicts Bullseye growing up as a below average student in a trailer park with an alcoholic, physically abusive father. In this version of events, Bullseye fakes his father’s suicide using a handgun set off by a toy arrow.t is unclear how many elements of this version are actually true.
His cold demeanor and unique skills, however, meant subsequent recruitment by the National Security Agency as an assassin was inevitable, and he was soon assigned to train Contras in Nicaragua. By the time he arrived, however, he claimed to have already been planning to leave the NSA. He had planned on robbing the Contras blind and fleeing, but soon discovered they were desperately poor. Bullseye made the best of the situation: within seven hours of being informed of their poverty, he had led the Contras in seizing a landing strip that the Colombian cocaine smugglers were using as a staging area before moving on to the United States. Without use of the airfield, the smugglers were unable to send new shipments. Bullseye set up his hapless Nicaraguan translator Paolo as the leader of the new force controlling the airfield, and let the word spread around, however, Paolo was nothing but a patsy. Bullseye planned to invite several organized crime heads to the airfield to broker a new deal with him as Paolo’s supposed “right hand man”. He would take their money and disappear, presumably leaving Paolo to suffer the wrath of the Mafia, Russian Mafia, Yakuza, and various other criminal elements. However, before the deal could be finalized, the Punisher (Frank Castle) arrived.
Castle killed all the organized crime leaders in a fiery explosion from which Bullseye barely escaped. The two engaged in a fierce battle in which Bullseye was able to wound the Punisher and evade or disable several of his weapons. Bullseye then used some blood-reddened mud to paint a bull’s-eye on his forehead, mocking Castle’s inability to hit him. The fight concluded when Drug Enforcement Administration agents arrived, and the Punisher fled. Bullseye turned himself in to the D.E.A. agents and soon was assigned to infiltrate the Kingpin’s criminal empire. He obtained a costume, fled yet again, and became one of the most dangerous hitmen in the world.
All of the above information is given by Bullseye during a subsequent interrogation by US intelligence. Just prior to escaping from custody, Bullseye confesses he made up some or all of his story to amuse himself; for example, he claims that he was really the one who started the fire which burned down his childhood home. The whole capture was a plan by the assassin to gain access to the prison where his father is being held. Bullseye finally gets revenge on his father, leaving him to burn as the prison’s security systems torch everything inside.
Bullseye has an innate ability to throw virtually any object as a projectile with incredible accuracy and with enough force to be lethal. Some of his accomplishments include lacerating a person’s throat with a thrown playing card,spitting his own tooth through a human skull,tossing a paper airplane to a distant rooftop,[cutting a person’s throat with a straw, killing four people with screws,[and killing a person with a toothpick thrown through a window from a hundred yards away.Aside from his ability to throw projectiles with lethal accuracy, Bullseye is also a skilled hand-to-hand combatant, and has been trained in Karate.He is also extremely talented in the use of edged/throwing weapons and conventional firearms. Bullseye has exceptional physical conditioning, with the agility, reflexes, stamina, and speed of a professional athlete. Bullseye also has a high pain tolerance.
After falling from a building, many of Bullseye’s bones were reinforced with strips of adamantium.This has increased his resistance to injury in unarmed combat and allows him to perform acrobatic maneuvers that would fracture ordinary human bones. Unlike Wolverine, whose adamantium was implanted using stolen and incomplete notes on the bonding process and who survived only because of his mutant healing factor, Bullseye’s surgery was performed properly by Lord Dark Wind himself, and thus included the special herb treatment which prevents the body from being destroyed by the implantation.
Bullseye has a compulsive need to study his targets’ histories, abilities, and relationships before engaging them. He employs this information to attempt to anticipate his opponents’ movements in combat. This compulsion often crosses from the professional into the personal, such as Bullseye’s obsession with Elektra. Due to a mutual head injury, Bullseye was able to sense Daredevil’s presence psychically for a brief time.
Juggernaut U.S. Army
Brotherhood of Mutants
Black Tom Cassidy
Captain Universe, Kuurth: Breaker of Stone
Superhuman strength, stamina, and durability
Invulnerability via mystical force field
Immunity to mental attacks via his helmet
Cain Marko is the son of Dr. Kurt Marko, who was an atomic researcher, and Marjorie Marko. Cain’s parents separated, and his mother died when he was three. Cain was eventually sent to boarding schools, which he continued to get expelled from.Dr. Marko’s wealthy colleague, Dr. Brian Xavier, another atomic researcher, died in an accident, and Dr. Marko eventually married his widow, Sharon Xavier, for her great wealth. On marrying Sharon, Dr. Marko moved into her large Westchester County mansion, and, after yet another expulsion from school, eventually moved Cain in also.
Dr. Marko favored his gentle, smart step-son, Charles Xavier, to his own son, which led to Cain bullying the young Charles and Dr. Marko secretly beating Cain. Cain was abusive to his stepbrother at every opportunity. Charles’ telepathic powers began emerging when he was still a boy, around ten, and, on one occasion, he found himself experiencing the anguished thoughts and emotions of Cain; after Cain had been beaten by his father. The inexperienced young Charles could not control or end his contact with Cain’s mind at this time. Somehow, Cain sensed that Charles was reading his mind and had discovered his secret shame.
Sharon died shortly thereafter, of a broken heart, leaving Charles to live with his step-father and abusive step-brother. During an argument in Dr. Marko’s private laboratory over money, Cain accused him of having a hand in Dr. Xavier’s “accidental” death, at the disaster at Alamogordo. Dr. Marko was quick to be steadfast in defending himself, taking Cain by the collar of his coat and yelling at him to “never say that again”. Charles was stationed outside the door, however, and overheard the conversation. When Cain realized, he intended to cause a ruckus, by destroying some of his father’s chemical experiments, throwing a vial of green liquid that caused similar containers to shatter, spilling the chemicals throughout the laboratory. The collision of the different substances caused a violent explosion that left the lab aflame. Though Dr. Marko managed to rescue both Cain and Charles from the fire, he himself died of smoke inhalation. In his dying words, Dr. Marko begged forgiveness for not saving Dr. Xavier when he had the chance, and telling Charles to keep his powers secret from Cain. Cain was standing over, however, and heard of Charles’ gift, which led him to believe that Charles had invaded his thoughts deliberately. From then on, Cain regarded Charles as his enemy.
Later, Marko and Xavier found themselves serving together in the same U.S. military unit in Korea. Marko deserted under fire and Xavier went after him to bring him back. Xavier followed Marko into a cave, that housed the lost secret Temple of Cyttorak, a powerful mystical entity. Marko impulsively grabbed a glowing ruby from the lap of an idol and read the inscription (which mystically appeared to his mind to be in English): “Whosoever touches this gem shall possess the power of the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak. Henceforth, you who read these words shall become forevermore a human juggernaut.” As Xavier watched, the gem’s mystical power transformed Marko into a larger, superhuman being. Just then, enemy high explosive bombardment caused a cave-in and Marko was buried under several thousand tons of rock. Xavier survived and returned to his unit.
Due to the fact that he did not need air or food to survive, Marko, now the Juggernaut, eventually dug himself free with his new-found, immense strength and invulnerability. He then confronted the previous man to hold the mantle of the Juggernaut, the local Jin Taiko. He killed Taiko in order to fully embrace the powers of the Juggernaut, and under the influence of Cyttorak slaughtered Taiko’s entire village, since they ceased their worship to him.After many years, Marko made his way to America to use his newfound power to kill Xavier, leaving the gem in Korea. As the Juggernaut, Cain had released his soul to the deity Cyttorak, becoming his human avatar
Powers and Abilities
Juggernaut is an avatar for the deity known as Cyttorak. Juggernaut gains various superhuman powers while acting as an avatar, as described below.
Superhuman Strength: The Juggernaut possesses vast superhuman strength, the limits of which are unknown. He was able to go toe-to-toe against an enraged World War Hulk until the moment Cain was outsmarted and removed from the field of battle.
Superhuman Stamina: The mystical energies of Cyttorak that empower his musculature generate no fatigue toxins during physical activity, granting him limitless superhuman stamina in all physical activities.
Invulnerability: Cain is virtually impregnable to all forms of conventional physical injury, regardless of their magnitude or intensity. Although Cain is able to be harmed by exceedingly-high levels of mental or mystical attacks, these attacks have rarely been shown to cause any permanent damage.
Regenerative Healing Factor: Despite his extreme resistance to physical damage, Cain can be damaged by sufficiently powerful forces, such as mystical forces. If damaged, Cain possesses an accelerated healing factor that enables him to nearly instantaneously regenerate any damaged or destroyed bodily tissues. For instance, he has been injured by Shatterstar’s sword, which was forged from a mixture of extra dimensional technology and magic and healed instantly. The demon being D’Spayre once flayed the Juggernaut down to a skeleton only after absorbing almost all of the Juggernaut’s power and even then, the Juggernaut could not be stopped and was able to instantly regenerate all the damage done once he regained his full power. The only other time the Juggernaut has been physically injured is by the likes of Thor in a physical battle, and that was only after Thor used Mjolnir to negate his mystical enchantment.
Immortality: Cain is functionally immortal. His aging process is completely halted and he is immune to the effects of all toxins, poisons and diseases. He is sustained by the mystical energies flowing through his body at all times and has no need to eat, drink or even breathe to survive.
Force Field: The Juggernaut is capable of generating a personal force field around himself, extending to about 1 foot in diameter. He uses this force field to heighten his already-impressive resistance to injury. In his earliest appearances, he is able to use this force-generating ability to hurl people and objects near him away from him, though now it seems to function only defensively.
Rampant Charge: Once he begins to advance in a certain direction, it is virtually impossible to halt his movement. Some obstacles, such as many tons of rocks and plasma-discharge cannons, have slowed his pace, but can’t stop him. The only known examples of him being stopped involve physical force with mystical involvement, which is Juggernaut’s sole weakness. Thor unleashing his power was able to stop him in his tracks, but his powers are mystical in origin (it should be noted that Thor was severely hampered at the time as he was extremely weakened by an extra dimensional malady) and during a battle with War (Hulk), in which the mutant Apocalypse increased the Hulk’s strength and power enormously by grafting Celestial tech to him, which again involved mysticism.
Juggernaut is able to summon and remove his mystical armor at will. As a result of his days in the military and his experience as a superhuman criminal and hero, the Juggernaut is a brutal hand-to-hand combatant, preferring to use street fighting and brawling techniques that allow him to make full use of his great strength.
Class 100+ ; The Juggernaut possesses vast physical strength which exact limit is unknown but he is able to lift far in excess of 100 tons effortlessly. He is one of the strongest beings to ever walk the Earth.
Cain is susceptible to exceedingly-high levels of mental and mystical attacks. Both have been shown to be able to at least temporarily defeat him, but neither have been shown to cause any type of permanent injury, such as death.
Deadpool U.S. Army Special Force
Wade Winston Wilson
Avengers Unity Division
Great Lakes Initiative
Heroes for Hire
Landau, Luckman, and Lake
Mercs for Money
Bob, Agent of Hydra
Merc with a Mouth, Regenerating Degenerate, Deady-Pool, Jack, Wade T. Wilson, Mithras, Johnny Silvini, Thom Cruz, Hulkpool, Wildcard, Zenpool, Weapon XI
Skilled marksman, swordsman, and hand-to-hand combatant
Using devices granting teleportation and holographic disguise
Superhuman strength, durability, and agility
Wade Winston Wilson
Wade Wilson The Merc with a Mouth The Crimson Comedian The Regeneratin’ Degenerate Wade T. Wilson Chiyanosake (“Wolf of the Rice Wine”) Thom Cruz Chatterbox Wildcard Peter Parker Talking Man Johnny Silvini Mithras Hobgoblin Denny Rhodes Lo King of Monsters
Controlled Bone Growth
Wade had conflicting memories of his childhood. He once recalled that his father abandoned his mother while she was pregnant with him and she took out her anger on him until, as an adult, he beat her instead.He later recalled that his mother died when he was five and that his father, an army officer, became abusive,causing Wade to grow up to be a thug and criminal. When his father got his act together and tried to rein in his son, one of Wade’s friends shot and killed him.However, he told a writer that his father was a teller of bad jokes who abandoned him and his mother while he was a boy. His mother turned to humor, alcohol and home shopping networks as a coping mechanism. He believed that he ran away from home so that his mother wouldn’t need to spend what little money she had left on himAfter leaving home, he appears to have joined the U.S. Army Special Forces but despite his superior skills, he was drummed out for not following orders that conflicted with his moral code. After a failed suicide attempt just before his nineteenth birthday, Wade was invited to join a clandestine group of CIA-sponsored mercenary assassins thanks to his military record, assured that his targets would all deserve death.
During one mission, Wilson killed his teammate Slayback. Shortly thereafter, his healing factor began to destabilise, bringing his cancer back from remission and causing deformities in his flesh. As a result, he was rejected from the Weapon X Program and sent to the Hospice, allegedly a government facility where failed superhuman operatives were treated. However, unknown to the Canadian government, the Hospice’s patients served as experimental subjects for Doctor Killebrew and his sadistic assistant Ajax (known then as the Attendant), with the patients placing bets in a “deadpool” as to how long each subject would live. Killebrew subjected Wilson to various torturous experiments for his own deranged satisfaction.
In due course, Wilson formed a romantic relationship with the cosmic entity Death, who regarded him as a kindred spirit. Wilson started trying to kill himself, to join Death – going so far as to start taunting Ajax by saying his real name (Francis) over and over, which earned him the respect of his fellow Hospice patients. Then Ajax, angered by Wilson’s taunts, lobotomized Worm, the closest thing Wilson had to a friend. At Death’s prompting, Wilson killed Worm to end his suffering.
However, under Killebrew’s rules, any patient who killed another was to be executed; Ajax subsequently tore out Wilson’s heart and left him for dead, but Wilson’s thirst for vengeance was so strong that it jump started his healing factor, regenerating his heart, although not curing his scarred body. Wilson then escaped the now-empty room and attacked the guards, making his way to Ajax. Wilson shot him in the chest with two automatic rifles, leaving him for dead. Taking the name Deadpool, he escaped from the Hospice with his fellow patients.
Genetically Enhanced Physiology: Deadpool’s powers come from the experimentation he was submitted to by the Weapon X program.
Healing Factor: Deadpool possesses a superhuman healing factor derived from that of the mutant Wolverine which allows him to regenerate damaged or destroyed bodily tissue with far greater speed and efficiency than an ordinary human. His head or any other limb can be reattached using this ability.While beheaded, Deadpool can still move his body normally.In small doses, Deadpool’s blood has demonstrated the ability to heal others and extend their lifespans beyond their natural limits When combined with Star Cells injected intravenously, it confers immortality.
Foreign Chemical Resistance: Deadpool’s body is highly resistant to poisons and most drugs.For example, it is extremely difficult, though not impossible, for him to become intoxicated (Blind Al made several references to Deadpool being hung-over since he once drunkenly spoke to the Teletubbies on the TV he was watching). He can, momentarily, be affected by certain drugs (tranquilizers) if exposed to a large enough dosage.
Disease Immunity: The unique regenerative qualities of Deadpool’s healing factor also extend to his immune system; he is immune to all diseases, infections, disorders, imperfection, and resistant to elemental extremes.
Immortality: Deadpool’s healing factor provides him with an endless lifespan by halting the aging process. His life span is extended to such a degree that an alternate reality version of him was alive and still in business as Deadpool 800 years in the future.He was also cursed with immortality by T-Ray on behalf of Thanos, in order to keep him away from Death.
Telepathic Immunity: The healing factor causes his brain to be in a constant state of flux and regeneration, rendering him immune to psychics such as Cable, Emma Frost, and the Red Onslaught.Deadpool can be looped into a telepathic psi-link to communicate with others mentally, as he did while a member of X-Force, but actually reading his mind can be confusing, even to an accomplished telepath like Psylocke. bvThis would not prevent him from being attacked psychically though.
Possession Resistance: Similar to the telepathic immunity, Deadpool is able to remain in control of himself while supernatural beings are trying to take control of him. During Xaphan’s attempt to take control of him, Wade was able to fight for control of his body. No one can touch his soul.
Superhuman Strength: Deadpool is rated as having a low degree of superhuman strength allowing him to lift 800 pounds.
Peak Human Speed: Deadpool can run as fast as a trained athlete.
Superhuman Stamina: Deadpool’s musculature generates considerably less fatigue toxins than the muscles of an ordinary human being, granting him superhuman levels of stamina in all physical activities. He can physically exert himself at peak capacity for several days before fatigue takes over.
Superhuman Agility: Deadpool’s agility, flexibility, dexterity, balance, and bodily coordination are enhanced to levels that are beyond the natural physical limits of even the finest human athlete.
Superhuman Reflexes: His reflexes are far superior to those of even the finest human athlete. His auto-reflexes allow him to easily dodge gunfire and attacks even when not consciously aware of them.
Superhuman Durability: Deadpool’s bone and muscle tissues are augmented to levels that are considerably stronger and harder than human and the tissues are impervious to injury to an extraordinary extent. He possesses golden-proportioned body, and even without training his muscles are brawny and his body shape doesn’t change no matter how many calories he intakes.
Deadpool also accompanies the team into the Age of Apocalypse. While X-Force seeks out Dark Beast, Deadpool frequently comments on how he cant be trusted. When they are abandoned in the AoA universe he is mistaken for Dead Man Wade, his counterpart in that reality. X-Force fights their way through the Black Legion in order to free a mutant who can make portals in order to get home.
Through a number of adventures, the Kid-Apocalypse (now better known as Genesis) stayed with the team and formed a special bond with Deadpool. They where both misunderstood beings. Deadpool, a mercenary for hire whom was actually a better person then he led on, and Genesis, a kind boy with running towards a legacy of evil. Deadpool wanted to make sure that Genesis would never fulfill the horrible legacy he was bread for.
Dum Dum Dugan U.S. Army
Timothy Aloysius Cadwallader Dugan
Extensive military training, skilled marksman, expert in espionage and intelligence
Dum Dum Dugan was originally portrayed as a British citizen in Sgt Fury #1, but later retconned to be born in Boston, Massachusetts. During World War II, while working as a circus strongman, Dugan helps Nick Fury and Sam “Happy” Sawyer escape the Nazis during a mission, recounted in issue #34. Dugan joins the British Army, and when Sawyer is charged with creating Fury’s First Attack Squad, formally listed as “Able Company” and nicknamed the Howling Commandos, Sawyer invites Dugan to transfer into the US Army and become Fury’s second-in-command. Dugan’s exceptional strength saves the day in several of his adventures in the Sgt. Fury comic books. Dugan is an enlisted man with the rank of corporal, and wears the chevrons of his rank on the front top of his trademark bowler hat throughout World War II.
Dugan leaves the U.S. Army before the Korean War, but rejoins during the war as Second Lieutenant under the promoted First Lieutenant Fury, once again as his second-in-command of the reformed Howling Commandos. Fury had already received a battlefield promotion to Second Lt. earlier.Dugan remains with Fury when Fury continues his military career into the Vietnam War, as shown in Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos Annual #3 and 4, and later into espionage work. Dugan’s exact rank is not stated, but he is addressed as “Captain” at one point. He remains with Fury when Fury goes into the CIA and later into the original S.H.I.E.L.D.
Different accounts state that Dugan and other members of Fury’s Howling Commandos receive the Infinity Formula to explain how they all remain youthful and active despite being all into their 60s and 70s in the modern era. Other stories contradict this artificial maintenance of youth by Dugan as merely dyeing his hair and suffering a heart attack.
Later on in life, he is placed in charge of internal security on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier.
Dum Dum is placed in charge of a SHIELD unit coined the Godzilla Squad, charged with the task of tracking and stopping the radioactive kaiju. Over the twenty-four issue series, Dugan goes from loathing the creature’s destructive tendencies to accepting the beast’s existence after Godzilla saves him on numerous occasions. Dugan later recalls a long list of his greatest nightmares, one of which includes Godzilla.
After suffering his heart attack, Dugan is formally promoted to Fury’s permanent second-in-command of S.H.I.E.L.D. as “Deputy Director”,hough he has acted as such before his formal appointment
Professor Xavier U.S. Army
Charles Francis Xavier
Brotherhood of Mutants
Onslaught, Consort-Royal, Founder, Doctor X, Warlord, Entity, Prisoner M-13, X
Powerful psychic abilities, including ESP, telepathy, and mental-manipulation
Telekinesis via X-headgear
Charles Francis Xavier was born in New York City to the wealthy Dr. Brian Xavier, a well-respected nuclear scientist, and Sharon Xavier. The family lives in a very grand mansion estate in Westchester County because of the riches his father’s nuclear research has brought them. He later grows up to attend the University of Oxford, where he earns a Professorship in Genetics and other science fields, and goes on to live first in Oxford and then London for a number of years. Crucially, as he enters late adolescence, Xavier inherits the mansion-house he was raised in, enabling him not only to continue to live in it, but also to turn it in to Xavier’s School for Gifted Youngsters, which he begins together with the first of the X-Men.
Brian, his father, dies in an accident when Xavier is still very young, and Brian’s science partner Kurt Marko comforts and then marries the grieving Sharon. When Xavier’s telepathic mutant powers emerge, he discovers Marko cares only about his mother’s money.
After the wedding, Kurt moves in with the Xaviers, bringing with him his son Cain. Kurt quickly grows neglectful of Sharon, driving her to alcoholism, and abuses both Charles and Cain. Cain takes out his frustrations and insecurities on his stepbrother. Charles uses his telepathic powers to read Cain’s mind and explore the extent of his psychological damage, which only leads to Cain becoming more aggressive toward him and the young Xavier feeling Cain’s pain firsthand.
Sharon dies soon after, and a fight erupts between Cain and Charles that causes some of Kurt’s lab equipment to explode. Mortally wounded, Kurt drags the two children out before dying, and admits he was partly responsible for Brian’s death.
With help from his superhuman powers and natural genius, Xavier becomes an excellent student and athlete, though he gives up the latter, believing his powers give him an unfair advantage. Due to his powers, by the time he graduates from high school, Charles loses all of his hair. He graduates with honors at the age of 16 from Bard College.In graduate studies, he receives Ph.D.s in Genetics, Biophysics, Psychology, and Anthropology with a two-year residence at Pembroke College, University of Oxford.He also receives an M.D. in Psychiatry while spending several years in London.He is later appointed Adjunct Professor at Columbia University.Origins of Marvel Comics: X-Men #1 (2010) presents a different version of events, suggesting a scholarship to the University of Oxford rescued him from his abusive home, after which he “never looked back”, suggesting he began his academic career as a very young man at Oxford.His stepbrother is resentful of him.
Deeply depressed when Moira broke off their engagement without explanation, Xavier began traveling around the world as an adventurer after leaving the army. In Cairo, he meets a young girl named Ororo Munroe (later known as Storm), who is a pickpocket, and the Shadow King, a powerful mutant who is posing as Egyptian crime lord Amahl Farouk. Xavier defeats the Shadow King, barely escaping with his life. This encounter leads to Xavier’s decision to devote his life to protecting humanity from evil mutants and safeguarding innocent mutants from human oppression.
Major Glenn Talbot
United States Air Force
United States Army
Major Glenn Talbot was brought to Desert Base, New Mexico by its commanding officer, General Thaddeus E. “Thunderbolt” Ross, for two reasons. First, Ross wanted Talbot, who was the base’s new security chief, to investigate nuclear physicist Dr. Bruce Banner, who had been working on various government projects at the base. Due to Banner’s continuous and mysterious disappearances, Ross suspected not only that Banner was a traitor but also that he had some connection with the monstrous Hulk, who prowled the vicinity. Secondly, Ross objected to his daughter’s love for Banner, whom Ross believed to be unmanly and contemptible even if he was not a traitor. Ross hoped that Betty would instead fall in love with Talbot, whom the general regarded as a fine example of a military man.
Since his “death” two of Talbot’s relatives have also appeared. He has a younger brother named Brian Talbot who was a member of the Gamma Corps as Grey (who sports the DNA of Hulk and Leader). Trained in martial arts. The Leader DNA does not make Grey as smart as Prodigy but he has a brilliant military strategist and it seems to have been meant as a way to prevent him from losing control. Brian was often bullied and beaten by his older brother and had actually been delighted to hear of his death. He claimed he joined the Gamma Corps because the Hulk was dangerous but really it was to do what Glenn could not – destroy the Hulk.[
Talbot also has a nephew named Matt Talbot, who is also a member of the military.
Captain America (Captain Steve Rogers)
Avengers Unity Division
Landau, Luckman, and Lake
Enhanced strength, speed, stamina, durability, agility, reflexes, senses, and mental processing via the super soldier serum
Master martial artist and hand-to-hand combatant
Immunity to diseases and toxins
Master tactician, strategist, and field commander
Using Vibranium-steel alloy shield
Steven Rogers was born in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City, in 1920 to poor Irish immigrants, Sarah and Joseph Rogers.Joseph died when Steve was a child, and Sarah died of pneumonia while Steve was a teen. By early 1940, before America’s entry into World War II, Rogers is a tall, scrawny fine arts student specializing in illustration and a comic book writer and artist.
Disturbed by the devastation of Europe by the Nazis, Rogers attempts to enlist but is rejected due to his frail body. His resolution attracts the notice of U.S. Army General Chester Phillips and “Project: Rebirth”. Rogers is used as a test subject for the Super-Soldier project, receiving a special serum made by “Dr. Josef Reinstein”, later retroactively changed to a code name for the scientist Abraham Erskine.
The serum is a success and transforms Steve Rogers into a nearly perfect human being with peak strength, agility, stamina, and intelligence. The success of the program leaves Erskine wondering about replicating the experiment on other human beings. The process itself has been inconsistently detailed: While in the original material Rogers is shown receiving injections of the Super-Serum, when the origin was retold in the 1960s, the Comic Code Authority had already put a veto over graphic description of drug intake and abuse, and thus the Super-Serum was retconned into an oral formula.
Erskine refused to write down every crucial element of the treatment, leaving behind a flawed, imperfect knowledge of the steps. Thus, when the Nazi spy Heinz Kruger killed him, Erskine’s method of creating new Super-Soldiers died. Captain America, in his first act after his transformation, avenges Erskine. In the 1941 origin story and in Tales of Suspense #63, Kruger dies when running into machinery but is not killed by Rogers; in the Captain America #109 and #255 revisions, Rogers causes the spy’s death by punching him into machinery.
Unable to create new Super-Soldiers and willing to hide the Project Rebirth fiasco, the American government casts Rogers as a patriotic superhero, able to counter the menace of the Red Skull as a counterintelligence agent. He is supplied with a patriotic uniform of his own design, a bulletproof shield, a personal side arm, and the codename Captain America, while posing as a clumsy infantry private at Camp Lehigh in Virginia. He forms a friendship with the camp’s teenage mascot, James Buchanan “Bucky” Barnes.
Barnes learns of Rogers’ dual identity and offers to keep the secret if he can become Captain America’s sidekick. During their adventures, Franklin D. Roosevelt presents Captain America with a new shield, forged from an alloy of steel and vibranium, fused by an unknown catalyst, so effective that it replaces his own firearm. Throughout World War II, Captain America and Bucky fight the Nazi menace both on their own and as members of the superhero team the Invaders as seen in the 1970s comic of the same name.Captain America fights in numerous battles in World War II, primarily as a member of 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment “Blue Spaders”.Captain America battles a number of criminal menaces on American soil, including a wide variety of costumed villains: the Wax Man,the Hangman, the Fang, the Black Talon, and the White Death, among others.
In addition to Bucky, Captain America was occasionally assisted by the Sentinels of Liberty.Sentinels of Liberty was the title given to members of the Captain America Comics fan club who Captain America sometimes addressed as an aside, or as characters in the Captain America Comics stories.
In late April 1945, during the closing days of World War II, Captain America and Bucky try to stop the villainous Baron Zemo from destroying an experimental drone plane. Zemo launches the plane with an armed explosive on it with Rogers and Barnes in hot pursuit. The pair reaches the plane just before takeoff. When Bucky tries to defuse the bomb, it explodes in mid-air. Rogers is hurled into the freezing waters of the North Atlantic. Both are presumed dead, though it is later revealed that neither had died.
Gravedigger (Captain Ulysses Hazard)
Ulysses Hazard was born in the early half of the 20th century in Birmingham, Alabama. When he was young he suffered from childhood Polio and spent years struggling to overcome this crippling disease. He pressed himself beyond limits just to walk like a normal human being. With time and perseverance, he conquered these restrictions and trained himself to the peak of physical perfection. He eventually excelled in body-building, athletics and martial arts.
When Ulysses was old enough, he enlisted in the United States army. Due to the societal norms of the time period however, black soldiers were not offered the same opportunities as white ones. Rather than being assigned to a combat unit, Hazard was put to work as a gravedigger. Hazard was executing his duties in the early years of World War II when a Nazi fighter jet gunned down his best friend. Learning of such a tragedy drove Hazard over the edge. He was more determined than ever to serve his country as a full combat soldier. He abandoned his post and traveled all the way to Washington, D.C. to plead his case. He brought his concerns before the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon and proved to them that he was as able-bodied a soldier as any man serving in the war. The commanders recognized his dedication and made Ulysses Hazard into a special commando operative code-named “Gravedigger”.
The Gravedigger served in the European theater of operations throughout the course of the war, working missions in both France and Africa. In 1942, he became the leader of a group of Nomadic raiders in Egypt who had ties to both the Allies and the Nazis. He led a raid against a German tanker division in order to retrieve classified documents known as Defense Packet Six. This brought him into conflict with a Nazi spy known as the “Man with the Opened Eye”.
On another mission, Hazard was operating in the Sahara Desert when he received a cross-shaped wound across his forehead. This only added to the Gravedigger’s fearsome countenance.
Hazard remained in the U.S. Army at least through July 4, 1976, attaining the rank of Colonel.
Gravedigger is a man of extraordinary prowess. His sheer strength and stamina go well beyond that of most athletes. He is a most effective unarmed combatant, able to single-handedly beat up a dozen MPs ganging up on him.
There are few athletic exploits that he cannot accomplish. Gravedigger once climbed the sheer wall of a church’s bell tower with his bare hands and while carrying a full kit.
He is also an incredible marksman with pretty much any firearm, from the .45 sidearm to a bazooka.
Captain Marvel (Major Carol Danvers)
Carol Danvers was born to Joe Danvers Sr., a former U.S. Navy officer and construction worker,and Mari-Ell, a captain in the Kree Army. Mari-Ell had been sent to Earth on a mission to assimilate with humans and give birth to a hybrid child, but had decided to abandon her former life and cut contact with the Kree. Carol’s name comes from Car-Ell, which means “Champion” in Kree.Carol was raised in a Beverly suburban community to the north of Boston, Massachusetts, completely unaware that she was not a normal human.She also lived with Stevie and Joe Jr., two sons Joe had had with his previous, late wife.Over the years, Carol’s father became increasingly apprehensive for potential retaliation from the Kree for Mari-Ell’s desertion, causing him to drink and become abusive. In part due to her Kree heritage,Carol dreamed of becoming an astronaut and traveling to distant planets; as a teen she even hitchhiked to Cape Canaveral to view a launch there. Her father, however, could not accept women as men’s equal, and when financial troubles meant he could only send one child to college, he chose Steve despite Carol’s superior grades. He also dismissed her need for a college education and wanted her to find a good husband instead.Carol first met Logan (later Wolverine) in Washington D.C., when she and Logan’s old acquaintance Nick Fury rescued him from the combined attacks of Hydra, Sabretooth and the Black Widow.Carol and Logan were reunited when Fury sent them with pilot Ben Grimm on a doomed reconnaissance mission over Russia, encountering the deadly spy Black Widow. By the time they clashed with Logan’s long-time foe Sabretooth in Canada some years later, Carol and Logan were old friends.They served on several missions together, and seemingly also had a romantic relationship at some point.When Carol was imprisoned in the Lubyanka in Moscow and everyone else had abandoned her, Wolverine and Rossi disobeyed orders to break her out of prison and smuggled her out of Russia. Soon afterwards, having served ten years as a top field agent for Air Force intelligence, she was appointed security chief at Cape Canaveral on the request of NASA.As a NASA security officer in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory located in Houston, Carol was involved in Dr. Peter Corbeau’s Cavorite project. She would later be assigned to watchdog Doctor Kronton’s Doomsday Man project in the Pacific Ocean.NASA eventually requested her to transfer for an open position as head of security which she accepted, resigning from the Air Force bumping her to full Colonel at retirement. Becoming the youngest security captain in NASA’s history, she became embroiled in the schemes of the Kree Empire.During this time, Carol met the Kree soldier Mar-Vell, that unbeknownst to her, posed himself as Dr. Walter Lawson. Despite her suspicions, they eventually became friends. Carol almost found out Mar-Vell’s real identity when she spotted a Kree ship returning to Earth’s orbit, which he had just departed, causing him to suddenly appear in the middle of the road. Even though Mar-Vell denied seeing anything, Carol was determined to prove him wrong.While Carol was investigating the landing site, Mar-Vell’s superior Yon-Rogg tried to murder her, however, Mar-Vell came to her rescue and promised to help her find Doctor Lawson. He used the fingerprints she gave him to make his match the ones Carol had on file, cementing his cover as Lawson
In the end, Carol was hospitalized and Mar-Vell was forced to leave the planet again unable to assist her.
Eventually, Carol awakened in a hospital, which she would flee when FBI agents came to question her about Walter Lawson. Just outside the hospital, a concussed Carol was kidnapped by Yon-Rogg. He brought her to an abandoned subterranean Kree outpost to lure in Mar-Vell. During their battle, Carol was knocked into a damaged Kree Psyche-Magnetron. Carol’s genetic structure was forever altered, unlocking her latent Kree powers.However, she remained unaware of this change for months.
Carol’s successful career at NASA was severely damaged because of the events from the months prior. Due to her continued inability to control superhuman incursions, she was removed and reassigned to a minor NASA facility near Chicago. As a result of a raid committed by the superhuman Nitro on the facility to steal a nerve gas called Compound 13,Carol was demoted to a mere security guard and transferred back to Cape Canaveral. In view of her plummeting career, she resigned from NASA.
As Ms. Marvel, Carol Danvers initially possessed superhuman strength, endurance, stamina, physical durability, a limited precognitive “seventh sense” and a perfectly amalgamated human/Kree physiology that rendered her resistant to most toxins and poisons. She originally only had the power of flight thanks to a contraption under her suit. As Binary, the character could tap the energy of a “white hole”, allowing full control and manipulation of stellar energies, and therefore control over heat, the electromagnetic spectrum and gravity. Light speed travel and the ability to survive in the vacuum of space were also possible.
Although the link to the white hole was eventually severed, Danvers retains her Binary powers on a smaller scale, enabling her to both absorb energy and project it in photonic form. She can also still survive in space. While she lacks a constant source of energy to maintain the abilities at their previous cosmic level, she can temporarily assume her Binary form if empowered with a high enough infusion of energy.
Danvers possesses superhuman strength and durability, can fly at roughly six times the speed of sound,retains her “seventh sense”, and can discharge explosive blasts of radiant energy, which she fires from her fingertips. She also demonstrates the ability to absorb other forms of energy, such as electricity, to further magnify her strength and energy projection, up to the force of an exploding nuclear weapon.When sufficiently augmented, she can withstand the pressure from a ninety-two-ton weight and strike with a similar level of force, although Hank Pym theorized that this likely was not her limit.Danvers cannot absorb magical energy without consequence, though she aided Dr. Stephen Strange in the defeat of the mystic menace, Sir Warren Traveler.
Enhanced Physical Abilities
Superhuman Strength: Carol is superhumanly strong, though her specific level of strength has varied over the years. She was previously listed at a level of roughly Class 50, half her original strength as Binary. However, since she is able to absorb and manipulate various types of energy, she can use this redirected energy to temporarily increase her physical strength to near-Binary levels, or Class 100+.Currently, her strength level at its resting rate allows her to support well over 100 tons, as she was able to support the weight of dead Celestial as one fell to Earth.
Superhuman Stamina: Carol’s musculature produces considerably fewer fatigue toxins during physical activity than an ordinary human. As Binary, she could physically exert herself at peak capacity for about 24 hours before fatigue began to impair her.She was reduced to roughly half this capacity after losing her Binary powers. However, she is capable of channeling absorbed energy to further increase her stamina to higher levels.
Superhuman Durability: The tissues of her body are considerably harder and more resistant to physical injury than those of an ordinary human. She is capable of withstanding high caliber bullets, great impact forces, falls from great heights, exposure to temperature and pressure extremes, and powerful energy blasts without sustaining any injury. While channeling the energy she has absorbed, her body’s resilience is extended to an even greater degree.As Binary, Carol managed to survive the explosion that destroyed the entire planet Brood Outpost.
Superhuman Agility: As Binary, Carol’s agility, balance, and bodily coordination were enhanced to levels significantly beyond the natural limits of the human body.
Superhuman Reflexes: As Binary, Carol’s reflexes were heightened to the point of being virtually instantaneous.
Flight: Carol is capable of propelling herself through the air and the vacuum of space at tremendous speeds. Although her top speed is unknown, she flew at three times the speed of sound for several hours, so it is likely she can go much faster.
Space Flight: As Binary, Carol was capable of surviving unaided in the vacuum of space for indefinite periods of time.After first losing her Binary powers, Carol proved incapable of achieving orbit or surviving unaided in space. However, she was highly intoxicated when she attempted to do so, which may have hampered her progress. She has since proved capable of surviving and fighting in the vacuum of space, only requiring an air supply to do so.
Flash Precognition (a.k.a. Cosmic Awareness/Hyper-Cosmic Awareness): As Ms. Marvel, Carol was subconsciously able to anticipate the moves of her opponents, though this power activated randomly, making it unreliable. After Rogue robbed her of her powers, she was subsequently transformed into Binary. After her Binary powers faded, it seems that Carol’s Seventh Sense returned. T’challa theorized that when the Kree Psyche-Magnetron gave Carol her powers, she inherited some of Captain Mar-Vell’s abilities during exposure to it. In that sense her travels across Exospace and the like bolstered this aspect of her powers to see the cage outside of reality that’s binding the Marvel Universe.
Regenerative Manipulation: Captain Marvel boasts a healing ability which she can consciously push to an extant, boasting a healing factor supplemented by absorbing energy.A facet of which was gifted unto her when part of the central nucleus of a techno-organic alien named Cru had physically merged with her.This facility also bolsters the potency of her metabolism, allowing her to quickly regenerate from catastrophic wounds such as nuclear detonation, genetic disruption even brood infection. Her newfound recovery abilities had the added bonus of restoring lost biophysical facilities; like her ability to shift between Binary and Carol at will.
Contaminant Immunity: Carol’s regenerative powers coupled with her human/alien Kree physiology are so potent that she has a greater degree of immunity to toxins, diseases and/or poisons. Even being able to resist embryonic infection by the brood after a second attempt by one of their queens.
Decelerated Aging/Conventional Immortality: Dr. McCoy brought up how these new healing abilities put those of Wolverine to shame. Stating that her regenerative powers would keep Ms. Danvers in her prime forever.
Healing: Like her accelerated healing factor, Carol is able to rapidly heal others by focusing different forms of energy into their body, thereby greatly boosting their healing processes.
Energy Manipulation: Much like her namesake predecessor, Captain Marvel can control, absorb, and manipulate various types of energy to be discharged however she sees fit.Over the years, Carol has become an expert at modulating the various aspects of repurposed energy at her disposal, even learning some new tricks from her alt. counterparts during her life as a superheroine.
Energy Absorption: Her body is capable of absorbing various types of energy for the purpose of temporarily enhancing her own physical attributes. She can augment her strength and energy projection up to the force of an exploding nuclear weapon.If empowered by enough energy, she can assume her Binary form again temporarily.
Photonic Blasts: Carol can fire powerful concussion blasts of photon and stellar light energy from her hands and fingertips.As with a doppelganger of hers, Ms. Marvel can potentially discharge her energy from the eyes as well.
Molecular Manipulation: By channeling the absorbed energy, Carol is able to manipulate and alter matter and energy on a molecular level. She can use absorbed energy to transform her regular clothing into her costume and vice-versa. (This is an ability she once possessed as Ms. Marvel. Carol did not demonstrate the ability as Binary, it only resurfaced after her powers were reduced and she began going by Warbird.)
Matter Transmutation: By using her molecular manipulation, She is able to alter and reform matter and energy around her. This allows her to create and absorb matter and energy, shape, and rebuild it into anything of her choosing.
Energy-Construct Creation: As Captain Marvel, Carol has used her energy powers in more creative ways: She was able to create an energy barrier around a blast cannon which choked up the works until its internal structure violently ruptured from the inside out. She can even shape her stored energy into more practical shapes, like razor blades of pure energy to slice and sear with.
Self Sustenance: Captain Marvel proved time and again she can survive without need for eat, sleep, breath or rest by thriving the ambient energies within her surroundings.Capable of thriving perfectly within the cold recesses of deep space with little to no discomfort at all.
War Machine (Lieutenant Colonel James “Rhodey” Rhodes)
James Rupert “Rhodey” Rhodes
Office of National Emergency
United States Department of Defense
United States Marine Corps
West Coast Avengers
Iron Man, Iron Patriot, Commander Rhodes, Hulk Machine, Iron Man 2.0, Rhodey, Shellshock, The Pilot
Experienced Marine trained in armed and unarmed combat
Aviator and aviation engineering also expert marksmen
Powered armor suit:
Superhuman strength, speed, durability
Energy repulsor and variety of offensive and defensive weapons
Regenerative life support
James “Rhodey” Rhodes, from the South Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was a lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps who served tours of duty in Southeast Asia. A combat pilot, he was stranded in the jungle behind enemy lines after his helicopter was shot down by Viet Cong rocket fire. He encounters Tony Stark, who escaped from Wong-Chu’s prison camp in his prototype suit of powered armor, for the first time. Defeating the Viet Cong soldiers that ambushed them, Rhodes and Iron Man discovered an enemy rocket base that was the origin of the rocket fire that grounded Rhodes in the first place. Destroying the base with a stolen Viet Cong helicopter, Rhodes and Iron Man fly the helicopter back to the American defense perimeter.At the base hospital in Saigon, Stark arrives in person to thank Rhodes for helping Iron Man and to offer Rhodes a job as his personal pilot. After the Vietnam War was over and after taking several career paths including mercenary work, Rhodes finally took Stark’s offer and became Stark’s personal pilot, chief aviation engineer for Stark International and one of Stark’s closest friends.
On a mission he was blasted out of the sky by enemy rockets, Rhodey managed to land in one piece and was attempting to get his craft airworthy when inventor Tony Stark, clad in his Iron Man Armor, happened to be passing by. Stark had just completed his original armor, had avenged his fellow prisoner Professor Yinsen, and was trying to make his way to the American defense perimeter. Attacked by enemies, Iron Man proved to Rhodey they were on the same side, and Rhodes allowed him to drain the helicopter’s batteries to recharge his armor. The two then trekked through the jungle together, finally discovering a hidden enemy rocket base. Stealing an enemy helicopter, they destroyed the base, and flew to the nearest American encampment. Before leaving Afghanistan for the United States, Stark offered Rhodes a job as a pilot as soon as his military stint was over. Rhodey initially declined.
When devastating personal problems caused Tony Stark to abuse alcohol and become incapable of using the Iron Man armor responsibly, Rhodes put it on in order to defend Stark International from the criminal Magma. He offered to return it but Stark insisted that Rhodes take on the responsibility of being Iron Man for a while to enable Stark to enjoy himself. Reluctantly Rhodes agreed.
Rhodes joined Stark in his new business venture, Stark Enterprises, but even after his bones mended, he was reluctant to put the Iron Man armor on again. Stark had resumed his responsibilities as Iron Man using the new state-of the-art armor, and Rhodes not only felt a second armored Avenger would be superfluous, he also felt contrite about his irrational period.After several months of only occasionally wearing his older model suit, Rhodey nearly died while re-entering Earth’s atmosphere after a space station battle, and almost burned alive inside his suit. Jim suffered PTSD from the incident, and could not put the armor back on without re-experiencing his near-death, leading to his permanent resignation as the substitute Iron Man, although he remained with Stark Enterprises.Several years later, Tony Stark was fatally injured and placed in cryogenic sleep, but he was announced as dead to the public, including Rhodey. James was named CEO of Stark Enterprises, and Tony’s last wish was for him to continue his legacy as Iron Man, using the latest battlesuit of Stark’s creation, the War Machine Armor. However, when he discovered that Stark was not dead, Rhodes became furious and resigned, severing his friendship with Stark. The two would occasionally team up to battle the evil that was trying to take over, but the friendship of old was no longer the same. Around this time Jim became romantically involved with Rae LaCoste. During this time, Rhodey had also taken Tony’s place in the Avengers West Coast. Despite cutting ties with Stark, Rhodes remained with the Avengers, revealing his identity to them and adopting “War Machine” as his superhero alias.
Green Lantern (Sergeant John Stewart)
Place of origin
Earth, Detroit, Michigan
Green Lantern Corps
Guardians of the Universe
U.S. Marine Corps
Ultraviolet Lantern Corps
Green Lantern partners:
Kyle Rayner Other Hero partners:
The Flash/Wally West
Green Lantern, The Master Builder, Darkstar
Use of power ring grants:
Uniform (suit and mask; Stewart refuses mask)
Generation of hard-light constructs
Real-time translation of all-languages
John Stewart is one of Earth’s Green Lanterns, the leader of the Green Lantern Corps and a member of its Honor Guard. He is noted for being an excellent sniper as well as a skilled architect.
Born in Detroit, Michigan, most of John’s life was marked by poverty and clashes with police. His mother was a community organizer, who tried to make things better, and inspired John to try and make the world a better place.Once he finished high school, John felt it was time to leave home and joined the U.S. Marine Corps. His mother didn’t like it, fearing John would be contributing to the American military industrial complex, but John felt it was the only way to pay his way to college and that protest without action is not enough. As a member of the USMC John excelled in full combat training and proved to be an exceptionally talented marksman.He did one tour of duty in the middle east and soon rose to Sergeant, before being deployed to a storm-stricken Gotham City to help evacuate civilian’s taking refuge in Seaside Coliseum. The Coliseum’s structural supports weren’t built to withstand the storm’s strong winds and the team found themselves in a tense confrontation with Anarky, who had been stirring up civil unrest among the evacuees. With the brash actions of his commanding officer, Lieutenant Tasker, who was willing to kill American citizens, escalating the the situation, John was forced to break rank and was able to defuse the conflict and swayed the crowd. He eventually took back control from Anarky and managed to save the day by keeping the peace.Tasker confronted John for insubordination, which disillusioned him to the Corps and resulted in a physical altercation. For laying hands on a superior officer John was court-martialed, but due to his heroics at the Coliseum he was given an honorable discharge.Becoming a Lantern
Wanting to build a better world, when John returned stateside he moved to California to study architecture in San Diego. After earning his degree, John was hired right out of school to oversee a project for Ferris Air. However, what he did not know was that since John was very young, the Guardians of the Universe had been keeping an eye him, believing he could be an invaluable member of the corps. They sent a Manhunter to the Ferris Air facility to test his worth. Without hesitation, John sprang into action to fight the Manhunter and his bravery earned him a Green Lantern Ring. He quickly mastered the ring and defeated the Manhunter. John was then brought to Oa, where he met the Guardians face-to-face, who lauded him for his desire for peace and his willingness to fight for it. However, the Guardians feared that if he had cause, he would even challenge the Guardians and the vowed to never reveal to John that they were the ones who sent the Manhunter to Earth.
Green Lantern is famous for the oath he recites when he charges his ring. Originally, the oath was:
… and I shall shed my light over dark evil.
For the dark things cannot stand the light,
The light of the Green Lantern!
— Alan Scott
This oath is also used by Lanterns Tomar-Re of sector 2813 and Chief Administrator Salaak. n the mid-1940s, this was revised into the form that became famous during the Hal Jordan era:
In brightest day, in blackest night,
No evil shall escape my sight!
Let those who worship evil’s might
Beware my power, Green Lantern’s light!
— Hal Jordan/many current Lanterns
Medphyll, the Green Lantern of the planet J586 (seen in Swamp Thing #61, “All Flesh is Grass”), a planet where a sentient plant species lives, has the following oath:
In forest dark or glade beferned,
No blade of grass shall go unturned!
Let those who have the daylight spurned
Tread not where this green lamp has burned!
Other notable oaths include that of Jack T. Chance,
You who are wicked, evil and mean,
I’m the nastiest creep you’ve ever seen!
Come one, come all, put up a fight,
I’ll pound your butts with Green Lantern’s light!
and that of Rot Lop Fan, a Green Lantern whose species lacks sight and thus has no concepts of brightness, darkness, day, night, color, or lanterns.
In loudest din or hush profound,
My ears catch evil’s slightest sound!
Let those who toll out evil’s knell
Beware my power, the F-Sharp Bell!
In Green Lantern (vol. 4) #27, the Alpha Lanterns use the oath:
In days of peace, in nights of war,
Obey the Laws forever more!
Misconduct must be answered for,
Swear us the chosen: the Alpha Corps!
In Legion of 3 Worlds, Sodam Yat in the 31st century – the last of the Green Lanterns and the last of the Guardians – recited a new oath:
In brightest day, through Blackest Night,
No other Corps shall spread its light!
Let those who try to stop what’s right
Burn like my power, Green Lantern’s light!
In Batman: The Dawnbreaker #1, the Dawnbreaker (an amalgamation of Batman and Green Lantern from the Dark Multiverse’s Earth-32) creates and recites his own oath after the death of the Guardians of the Universe and the Green Lantern Corps by his own hands:
With darkness black, I choke the light!
No brightest day escapes my sight!
I turn the dawn to midnight!
Beware my power–Dawnbreaker’s might!
In The Green Lantern #11, written by Grant Morrison, several distinct oaths were used by the Green Lanterns of the Multiverse. Morrison’s creation ‘Magic Lantern’, first seen in his run on Animal Man, used this oath:
When it’s groovy, when it’s grim,
We hum the Living Guru’s hymn.
When other Lanterns lose their kit,
We keep the Magic Lantern lit!
(since it was an all-ages book, the last word in the third line was obscured by another oath balloon from another Lantern)
In the video game, Infinite Crisis, Hal Jordan of Earth-13 (the Arcane universe) has his own variation:
In forests deep where darkness dwells,
In dungeons dank beneath ancient fells,
Let those who seek to rule the night
Beware my power, the Emerald Light!
Captain Atom (Captain Nathaniel Adam)
Nathaniel Christopher Adam
United States Air Force (Nathaniel)
Justice League International
Justice League Europe
Cameron Scott, Monarch
Superhuman strength, flight, energy blasts, minor atomic transmutation, and huge atomic absorption molecules manipulation and manifestation (Nathaniel)
Captain Atom is a hero connected to and powered by the Quantum Field, the result of a secret government project.
Nathaniel Adam was a United States Air Force officer during the Vietnam War era. He was framed for a crime he didn’t commit and sentenced to death under the watch of Col. Wade Eiling in 1968. To avoid execution, he was invited to participate in a military experiment with little chance of survival, with the promise of a presidential pardon should he survive. The experiment involved testing the hull of a crashed alien ship’s durability by exploding a super nuclear bomb under it while Adam was in the ship. Against the odds, Adam survived, the alien metal melding with his body, while the excess energy threw him forward in time nearly twenty years.
Powers & Abilities
Invulnerability – Superhuman durability. Able to survive unaided in space.
Atomic Blasts – Emit blasts of atomic energy. Ability to strike with an Atomic Punch
Superhuman Strength – Strength far above the limits of a normal human being
Atomic Absorption – Extreme atomic and energy absorption.
Atomic Manipulation – Minor atomic transmutation.
Flight – Ability to fly at supersonic speeds and interstellar distances.
Quantum Field Manipulation – Captain Atom’s metal skin is a conduit that is connected directly to the Quantum Field, a limitless void of all matter and all energy that enables him to absorb, generate and manipulate infinite amounts of energy and matter. The amount of which he can use is limited by his willpower, scientific knowledge, and imagination. The Quantum Field has given him various uses, and many of which are unknown. Although he is able to use it with limitless potential, he most commonly uses it for his superhuman physical abilities, and his ability to manipulate energy and matter. The Quantum Field also grants him various immunities and/or resistances against telepathy and molecular manipulation.
Invulnerability – Dilustel metal “skin” has a symbiotic relationship with Captain Atom’s body and is virtually indestructible, highly resistant to various degrees of damage from energy, heat, lasers, missiles, warheads, the interior of a black hole, etc. In certain situations, his skin can be breached, most notably by X-ionized weapons or weapons that are made to cut/punch through any surface (Crimson Avenger’s enchanted bullets, Zealot’s swords, Warblade, etc.). Against physical force, he’s shown to withstand punishment from some of the strongest beings (Wonder Woman, Major Force, Mr. Majestic, Ultraa, Apollo, Orion, Maul, Power Girl, etc) without having his skin breached or even showing any discomfort at all. His invulnerability extends to being impervious to certain magical spells and attacks.
Superhuman Endurance – The energies of the Quantum Field sustain Captain Atom. When covered in his Dilustel skin, he has no need for food, sleep, or oxygen. He can survive in outer space and doesn’t need to breathe. His endurance is increased to superhuman levels, and he can perform strenuous activity for a long and undefined period.
Invulnerability – Dilustel metal “skin” has a symbiotic relationship with Captain Atom’s body and is virtually indestructible, highly resistant to various degrees of damage from energy, heat, lasers, missiles, warheads, the interior of a black hole, etc. In certain situations, his skin can be breached, most notably by X-ionized weapons or weapons that are made to cut/punch through any surface (Crimson Avenger’s enchanted bullets, Zealot’s swords, Warblade, etc.). Against physical force, he’s shown to withstand punishment from some of the strongest beings (Wonder Woman, Major Force, Mr. Majestic, Ultraa, Apollo, Orion, Maul, Power Girl, etc) without having his skin breached or even showing any discomfort at all. His invulnerability extends to being impervious to certain magical spells and attacks.
Superhuman Endurance – The energies of the Quantum Field sustain Captain Atom. When covered in his Dilustel skin, he has no need for food, sleep, or oxygen. He can survive in outer space and doesn’t need to breathe. His endurance is increased to superhuman levels, and he can perform strenuous activity for a long and undefined period.
Energy Projection and Manipulation – He is able to emit blasts of any type of quantum-based energy from any part of his body at once, but normally prefers using his hands for ease of aim. He is able to control the magnitude and wavelength of his energy blasts at will. He can stun his opponents with his blasts at the lowest setting. But, at higher settings, he’s shown to blow up aircraft (ranging from fighter jets to large spaceships, such as Kobra’s Ark), tanks, stagger powerful super-powered beings, incinerate a human being down to their bones or completely vaporize them, detonate atomic explosions, and the list goes on. At one point, the force from high-powered blasts have started earthquakes (while Atom was fighting another being underground). With the Quantum Field, he is able to generate and manipulate forces along the Unified Field (fundamental forces). In the same way, he learned to access weak force energy, manipulate gravitational forces, and electromagnetism (has generated pure light from his body, and manipulated electromagnetism to shut of the Ray’s powers with a simple blast of energy). The Quantum Field also grants his Quantum blasts with the effect of intense heat, and he has shown to be able to melt down dense metallic substances and heat things up with what he likes to call ‘Quantum heat.’ At one point, he applied his energy manipulation to manipulate one’s brain waves in order to put them to sleep. Captain Atom is also able to generate energy shields (strong enough to stop things as powerful as entropy) around himself, and others. He was once able to transmute the force of an energy blast, as well.
Vast Superhuman Strength– The limits of Captain Atom’s physical strength are unknown, but based on his showings, he is well in excess of Class 100 (most likely capable of easily lifting/carrying more than 500,000 tons) and is well within Superman’s strength class, or possibly beyond. To date, he’s been able to physically fight and/or inflict damage on beings such as Wonder Woman, Mr, Majestic, Ultraa, Major Force, Superman (who was brainwashed at the time), and the like. It was stated that he is strong enough to move around mountains. He can increase his strength to phenomenal levels using the quantum field.
Superhuman Reflexes – Captain Atom is able to think, move and react at superhuman speeds, significantly greater than humans. Dr. Heinrich Megala revealed that Captain Atom was once able to move faster than he could think during his experimental testing of Captain Atom’s powers. He has shown to react fast enough to stop bullets with his hand, and move fast enough to intercept gunfire after it’s already left the barrel. He has also displayed some level of superhuman speed during his battle with Ultra.
Immortality – Due to being composed of raw quantum energy Adam is a functionally immortal being. He does not need to eat, sleep, breath or require bed rest in order to keep active or stay healty; for all intents and purposes Captain Atom effectively lasts forever.
Energy Absorption – There is almost no form of energy that Captain Atom is unable to absorb and this ability is second to none in the DC Universe. With proper control, concentration, and regulation of his energy absorption rate, theoretically, he can absorb infinite amounts of energy (according to Heinrich Megala) to avoid quantum jumping through time. But, he hasn’t fully mastered this, and has been catapulted through time on numerous occasions after absorbing too much energy at once.
Techno-Interface – He has also shown the ability to telepathically interface with computer networks and the binary system.
Matter Manipulation – He has shown to manipulate cohesive force to make ‘protomatter.’ On occasion, he has shown to transmute solid objects much like Firestorm, such as transmuting Green Arrow’s arrows into butterflies, turning a powerful high-tech energy gun into a toy spaceship and turning Maul and Engineer back into their human forms. It appears as if this ability is used on instinct or with some level of concentration, but Atom claims that he isn’t very good at manipulating matter. At one point, he was able to create a universe within the Quantum Field and characters such as Superman, Flash, Firestorm, and even his own Spectre, but this was due to the fact that he was operating above normal levels within the source of his powers.
Time Travel – Through great concentration and strain, he is capable of traveling ahead in time (without the aid of Quantum Jumping) for a limited period before returning to the present (about a week ahead or so).
Flight – Ability to fly at hyper-sonic speeds or greater in an atmosphere and at sub-light speeds (more than half the speed of light) in interstellar space and/or when traveling interstellar distances. However, Captain Atom claims that he can hit light speed if he wants to.
Enhance abilities – Because the Quantum Field is based on his willpower, he has the ability to enhance his superhuman abilities. So far, he has shown to enhance his physical strength, the magnitude of his energy blasts, his flight speed, his senses (most notably his hearing), and his stamina (during a battle in which he was weakened).
Strong Nuclear Force Manipulation – This time around, Atom is powered by the energy that binds subatomic particles within the nucleus of an atom. As a result of this, his body is in a state of molecular flux. This means Atom has to sub-consciously maintain his molecular structure, as it is constantly splitting atoms and then reforming them just as quickly. This process grants him a vast amount of energy at his disposal, as well as number of different abilities, like temporarily granting people superhuman strength, rendering himself invisible, transmuting things, and manipulating the Speed Force. It was asserted that using his powers would potentially kill him, but after having his molecules dispersed on one occasion, and then later, his body and consciousness dispersed across time and space, he has concluded that death is only temporary for him and that his body will eventually reform itself. He also doesn’t require food, sleep, oxygen or water to sustain himself.
Energy Projection and Manipulation – He has the ability to generate and manipulate energy at will, such as the ability to fire energy blasts, sense/see the energy patterns of digital communication, generate energy force fields, sense sources of energy, use energy to levitate objects and the like. At one point, Atom hypothesized that he could actually destroy a planet by destroying his body and expelling enough energy to do so.
Energy Absorption – Atom can absorb large amounts of energy, but with limits. Absorbing energy triggers his molecular instability and can cause his molecules to disperse, so he must be careful when absorbing too much energy. He can also redirect energy that he just absorbed as well, and temporarily contain vast amounts of energy, also. He has also shown to absorb alternate versions of himself within the time stream.
Size Alteration – He has the ability to grow or shrink in size at will. On one occasions, he grew to gigantic levels while battling the Justice League. On another occasion, he shrank to cellular levels to save a young boy from a brain tumor.
Duplication – Captain Atom can make duplicates of himself, and there doesn’t seem to be a limit to the number of duplicates he can make. Though, it seems as if he can maintain a singular consciousness between all of them.
Flight – Atom can fly at hyper-sonic speeds underneath an atmosphere. Theoretically, Atom could exceed light speed in outer space, but this was only done within Megala’s mind in a dream sequence.
Time/Space Manipulation – Atom has stated that he can bend time and space on a quantum level. Such an ability has allowed him to paralyze the Flash by manipulating the molecules that make up the Speed Force. Even when pulled into the timestream, Atom has shown the ability to undo past events that he was responsible for.
Teleportation – At first, this ability just happened under stress, but Atom later displayed that he can instinctively teleport himself across vast distances within an instant. The first time he did it, he teleported from New York City to the Continuum research facility in Kansas.
Superhuman Speedand Reflexes – Atom is unbelievably fast, and has shown to move, react, and operate at superhuman speeds. Within microseconds, Atom has shown the ability to keep up with and hold a conversation with the Flash (Barry Allen) while attempting to neutralize a military conflict in Libya (and the soldiers in battle were unaware of their presence).
Molecular Manipulation – Apart from manipulating his own molecular structure, Atom can manipulate the molecular structure of objects around him, organic or inorganic. To date, he has been able to:
transmute bullets into thin air after they were fired
transmute the molecules of a tank to hydrogen and oxygen
extract drugs from a human’s body
neutralize cancer cells and tissue in the human brain
disperse the molecules of giant mutated rat
reconstruct the molecule structure of a woman’s hand
turn fighter jets and missiles into feathers
turn magma into snow
turn molecules in the air into nitroglycerin
turn military weapons and vehicles into green toy soldiers
transmute a giant mech suit into gas
transmute a large body of water into collagen
he can also make himself intangible, and phase through solid objects
he can even assume the form of a normal human being, while maintaining his original blue energy form, separately.
Corporal Flash Thompson
Eugene “Flash” Thompson
United States Army
Guardians of the Galaxy
Agent of Cosmos
Supporting character of
Venom Space Knight
Experienced hand to hand combatant
Alien symbiote grants:
Superhuman strength, agility, reflexes and endurance
Immunity to Spider Sense
Limited shapeshifting and camouflage
Ability to cling to most surfaces, can create armor by taking pieces from the armor of others and placing it in his venom, and form limbs that he could use
Eugene “Flash” Thompson was a classmate of Peter Parker. Flash grew up in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. He lived only a few blocks from Peter’s house. He lived with his father Harrison Thompson, a police officer in the New York Police Department, his mother Rose Thompson and his little sister Jessie. Flash was physically abused by his alcoholic father, leading to Flash’s own violent, bullying nature.Like Peter Parker, Flash attended Midtown High School, where he bullied Peter daily.The bullying continued for a long time even after Peter gained his Spider powers who never used them against Flash, even when tempted to do so. The only exception was a boxing match between the two in the school gym, where Peter evaded Flash’s punches with his reflexes and knocked him out with a single punch. However, this was passed off as an accident and any suspicion of Parker actually being Spider-Man was moved onto Flash himself due to events involving the Living Brain. After this, Flash stopped his physical abuse, although he continued to taunt Peter.By the time Flash left college to join the army, he and Peter parted as friends. During his tour of duty, Flash was stationed in Southeast Asia, where he stumbled across a hidden temple whose residents – notably the beautiful Sha Shan nursed a wounded Flash back to health; however, after American forces mistakenly shelled the temple despite Flash’s efforts to protect it, Flash left the army to return to America, where temple survivors who mistakenly blamed him for the tragedy made attempts on his life. With the aid of Spider-Man, Flash lived to convince the temple survivors of his innocence, and was briefly reunited with Sha Shan.Flash returned to civilian life and college and was among the many friends who paid their respects with Peter at Gwen Stacy’s funeral. He was injured in a car crash when a new Vulture kidnapped his and Peter’s friend Mary Jane Watson. He befriended Liz Allen once more and they went on a cruise together with Peter and Mary Jane. However, the cruise ship was kidnapped by the Tarantula.They were rescued by Spider-Man, which caused Flash to become suspicious of Parker’s double life.
Flash returned to the battlefield in the war in Iraq, and lost his legs after saving his partner from enemy forces. Flash’s sacrifice is enough to earn him a recommendation for the Medal of Honor. He returned to the United States and started dating Betty Brant.
Flash went through the so-called “stages of grief” backwards, even so far as to use dangerous experimental procedures to regain his legs, but seemed to come to terms with his condition, thanks to the support of his friends, family, and his new rehabilitation trainer Sha Shan.
Flash became the new Venom when he was enlisted as a part of Project: Rebirth 2.0.Flash was bonded with the symbiote, recently acquired by the U.S. government after Mac Gargan’s arrest after the Siege of Asgard. While bonded, Flash was able to reproduce his legs and had powers comparable to Spider-Man.
I’ve taken beatings in my life. Had body and mind put to the test. Football. Dad. Boot camp. Mosul. Both legs amputated above the knee. An entire lifetime of getting my ass kicked to the ground can’t begin to measure up to these past twelve hours.
—Venom (Flash Thompson)
As a result of chronic abuse by his violent, alcoholic father, Flash Thompson became a bully during his high-school years, picking on students weaker than himself — namely Peter Parker — in order to vent his anger and frustration.Nevertheless desiring his father’s approval above all else, Flash pushed himself to excel in sports, embodying the stereotype of a dumb jock.
Inspired by Spider-Man’s selfless heroism, Flash eventually straightened himself out and joined the military in order to prove himself a hero, but was ashamed and haunted by his past as a bully.Remaining hot-tempered and lapsing into alcoholism, Flash despaired at the parallels he saw between himself and his father.Upon becoming Agent Venom, Flash’s aspirations to be a superhero clashed with both his military superiors’ orders — eventually leading to him going AWOL to protect his family; and with the predatory urges of the symbiote, which was kept suppressed by a suppressant chemical but would resurface if Flash became too angry.
Black Captain America
Trained unarmed combatant
Peak physical attributes
Extraordinary immunity to disease
Carries a convex triangular metal shield
They were worried my story might get out. So, they erased me. My history. But they’ve been doing that for five hundred years. Pledge allegiance to that, my brother. They will never let a black man be Captain America. And even if they did, no self-respecting black man would ever wanna be.”
―Isaiah Bradley to Sam Wilson
Don’t it make you curious? I mean, this comic came out more’n a year ago, but it pretty much got our whole story — It has Doc Reinstein, the drug we got, and this Steve Rogers fella the brass is so high on…But this is happening now, right? Not last year, so…?
Isaiah Bradley is a Korean War veteran, who was unwillingly subjected to human testings of the Super Soldier Serum in the 1950s. A survivor of the trials, he was assigned by the United States military to eliminate the Winter Soldier in South Korea, although he failed. When the government feared the ramifications of an African-American super soldier, he spent three decades in prison experimented on by the U.S. government and HYDRA. In the 1980s, he was freed and was relocated to Baltimore after his death was faked, during which he raised a grandson. In 2024, when Sam Wilson was named the new Captain America, Bradley’s heroics were memorialized at the Smithsonian Institution.
Isaiah Bradley aka the Black Captain America was one of 300 African-American soldiers who were used as test subjects at Camp Cathcart as part of the Project Rebirth’s attempt to recreate the Super Soldier Serum. Bradley, the only survivor, took on the mantle of Captain America and traveled to Europe to fight in the war. This was seen as treasonous by the military, who sentenced him to life in prison as punishment, although he was released after 17 years. His legacy remained a secret to the world at large but became a legend and a hero to the black community.
Isaiah Bradley grew up in New York City. When he met Faith Shabazz, the two fell in love and were soon married in 1940. They spent their honeymoon at the World’s Fair in Queens. Unfortunately, the two were soon parted when, after Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese, the United States of America entered the war, and Isaiah joined the the army. This parting was compounded by Faith’s pregnancy with their first daughter, Sarah Gail Bradley.
After losing the secrets of the Super Soldier Serum with the death of Dr. Erskine, the United States Army still wanted to produce more Super Soldiers like Steve Rogers. Col. Walker Price and Dr. Wilfred Nagel forcibly recruited Isaiah and 300 other African-American soldiers to serve as test subjects to recreate the Super Soldier Serum. To keep the operation secret, families were sent letters informing them of the soldiers’ deaths.Although, Faith refused to accept Isaiah’s death, and continued to look for the truth.
Of the 300 African-American soldiers, only a handful of men survived the gruesome process. These survivors became a convert black-ops team. After only a few missions, only Isaiah, Maurice Canfield and Sgt. Luke Evans remained. While waiting in Sintra, Portugal for the arrival of Captain America, Maurice discovered the truth about his parents’ death. Enraged by the information, coupled with PTSD and an exaggerated thyroid gland, Maurice was led into a confrontation resulting in his death, the death of Sgt. Evans, and the severe injury of Isaiah and Pvt. Merritt.Bradley’s last assignment was a suicide mission to kill Doctor Kosh, stop the development of the German Super Soldier formula, and destroy a Nazi death camp in Schwarzebitte, Germany. Before leaving on the mission, Isaiah took a Captain America costume and shield with him. His mission was successful but was also captured. Luckily, while being transported, Isaiah was rescued by a group of German freedom fighters. Months after Isaiah was rescued from Germany, he was able to finally return home where he was promptly court-martialed and given life in prison for stealing the Captain America costume. Starting in 1943, Isaiah served seventeen years in solitary confinement. There his body and mind slowly deteriorate due to unforeseen side effects of the Super Soldier Serum. He was only released because Faith wrote President Eisenhower a letter every month for three years. In 1960, on the day of Kennedy inauguration, Isaiah was granted a full pardon and swore to secrecy.
At the time when Isaiah was in prison for operating as Captain America, the government attempts to use his altered DNA to create another Super Soldier. After 39 attempts the result is a child named Josiah, Isaiah and Faith’s genetic son. Josiah X, as he would later call himself, is born to a surrogate mother, who smuggles him out of the government’s clutches.
Meanwhile, the long-term effects of the test serum severely damage Isaiah Bradley’s mind and body, similar in part to the effects of various steroids and Alzheimer’s. In 2003, Steve Rogers (Captain America) learns the truth behind the Super Soldier program and attempts a reconciliation with the now-childlike Isaiah Bradley. Captain America never discovers that the true mastermind behind the Super Soldier program is the clandestine organization Weapon Plus, and that Bradley is only one in a long line of Weapons, including Wolverine and Fantomex.
Isaiah is also the grandfather of Elijah Bradley (aka Patriot of the Young Avengers). Elijah initially claims that his powers originated from a blood transfusion from Isaiah, whereby he gained the abilities of the super soldier serum. However, it is subsequently revealed that this is a lie, and Elijah really gains his powers artificially from the drug Mutant Growth Hormone. The Young Avengers convince him that he does not need superpowers to be a superhero and he becomes the head of the Young Avengers using his intelligence and natural athletic abilities. After Eli is critically injured in a battle with the Kree and Skrulls, he gets a blood transfusion from his grandfather which enables him to have his grandfather’s abilities.
While Isaiah possesses no superhuman powers as such, the super soldier formula running through his veins means that, physically, he is the perfect human: all of his bodily functions have been enhanced to the peak of human efficiency, making his agility, dexterity, strength, speed, endurance, reaction time, coordination, and balance superior to those of an Olympic athlete. His body eliminates any excessive build-up of lactic acid and other fatigue poisons in his muscles, which grants him phenomenal endurance. He has an extraordinary immunity to disease, and his aging process is also slowed dramatically. Isaiah is trained in unarmed combat by the U.S. Army.Isaiah carries a concave triangular metal shield, useful for either defense or offense, which he decorated with the Double V campaign eagle crest, a symbol of a victory against the Axis as well as a victory against racial discrimination at home For protection, he wears a loose chain mesh shirt over light padding; the shirt is capable of blunting the impact of most small arms fire.
Franklin John Rock
Place of origin
United States Army
Justice League United
Trained marksman and U.S. military combatant
During World War II, Sgt. Rock fought in the infantry branch of the U.S. Army in the European Theatre and eventually rose to authority within his unit, Easy Company. The unit was a collection of disparate individuals who managed to participate in every major action in the European war. Rock’s dog-tag number was 409966, which had been, it was claimed, Robert Kanigher’s own military serial number.
Robert Kanigher mused in letters columns in the 1970s and 1980s that Rock probably belonged to “The Big Red One” (First US Infantry Division) given his appearance on battlefields in North Africa, Italy, and Northwest Europe. Rock’s backstory was fleshed out in different comics over the years; generally he is considered to have come from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he worked in a steel mill. Enlisting after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he went to North Africa as a private but promotion came quickly as his superiors were killed, to assistant squad leader, squad leader, and then platoon sergeant. During the main series, his unit is only ever given as “Easy Company”, but no regiment or division is named nor is unit insignia ever shown. Rock is shown to have two siblings (Sgt. Rock #421) Larry, a Marine fighting in the Pacific and Amy, a nun. In the 2009 six-issue mini-series “Sgt. Rock: The Lost Battalion” Rock’s unit is still referred to as “Easy Company” but is of the 141st Infantry Regiment. However, in the closing pages of the last issue, the narration states that, following the end of the story, “as usual, Sgt. Rock’s ‘Combat-Happy Joes’ moved out to fill the ranks of another Easy Company left fractured by war”, moving them to the 15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Division, under 2nd Lieutenant Audie Murphy. A famous tagline of Rock’s is: “Nothin’s easy in Easy Company”.
Rock also usually wears the chevrons and rockers of a Master Sergeant on his uniform and also applied, oversize, to the front of his helmet.
It is likely Rock’s official position in Easy Company was of senior platoon sergeant through dialogue and scripts are usually vague on his actual responsibilities and duties. He usually leads patrols and appears to have powers of command over the men of the company. Several officer characters also appeared in the comic, as both platoon and company commanders, all of whom were regarded by Rock as superiors. Ever the model NCO, Sgt. Rock always rendered proper respect to these officers, and was always quick to give advice to not only ensure success, but for that officer to gain confidence and experience as a leader. Easy’s commander was usually referred to as “the skipper” by Rock. Rock in turn was referred to by others as the “topkick”, or senior non-commissioned officer in the company. Most infantry companies did not have master sergeants; significantly, Rock does not have the diamond of a first sergeant on his rank insignia.
Powers and abilities
Rock is a crack shot, able to shoot down several German fighter planes with a single submachine gun, and able to throw hand grenades with amazing accuracy.
Rock is a highly effective close combat fighter, mostly shown using a style of street fighting mixed with boxing and judo.
Rock seems to have close to superhuman endurance and strength, surviving large number of gunshot wounds, fragments from hand grenades, exposure to freezing water and other hazards. Rock’s powers seem to be more realistic in Bob Kanigher’s stories than in Joe Kubert’s.
Rock’s “Combat Antenna” is what he calls a kind of sixth sense to warn him of impending enemy attack. This usually allows him at least some time to warn Easy Co. even if it rarely allows them to get out of harm’s way entirely.
With very few exceptions, Rock maintains complete calm and determination under fire, even when the odds are stacked high against his and/or Easy Co.’s success.
Rock also has a heart. The one thing that (almost) had him breaking down is when the Nazis scraped the very bottom of the barrel and were sending teenage boys out against Rock and his men, or when he and his company were guarding a group of children who had to be evacuated from an orphanage, and one died from a German bullet.
The classic Rock was usually dressed in olive drab fatigues, with a .45-caliber M1A1 Thompson submachine gun (although sometimes he is shown using an M50 Reising instead) and .45-caliber Colt M1911A1 semi-automatic pistol as his armament. Oddly, the classic artwork almost always depicts Rock with an M1 Garand cartridge belt which would be useless to him, as well as two belts of .50-caliber ammunition, which Rock considers lucky charms. Artists John Severin and Russ Heath sometimes attempted a more realistic portrayal of Rock’s equipment, but the .50-caliber ammunition remained a personal trademark.
Rock is always shown with a number of hand grenades secured to his equipment.
Batwoman (Kate Kane)
Katherine Rebecca “Kate” Kane
Birds of Prey
Justice League Dark
Peak human physical condition
Highly skilled martial artist
Highly skilled detective
Utilizes high-tech equipment and weapons
Kate Kane and her twin sister Beth were born to prominent colonel Jake Kane and his wife Gabrielle, herself a captain. Both parents were on active military duty, and worked extensively with intelligence organizations. As her parents were promoted, they moved to and from a wide variety of towns and bases, though Jake was often away from home.
Eventually, the Kanes moved from Fort Bragg, North Carolina to Brussels, Belgium, where they worked with NATO. However, when Gabi decided to take the girls out for their twelfth birthday, they were attacked and kidnapped by terrorists. Though military intelligence managed to locate the hostages, Jacob only managed to rescue Kate, as both Gabi and Beth had been killed. He tried to prevent her from seeing the worst of it, but Kate was traumatized by the sight of her mother and sister’s corpses.
Jacob was a supportive father, and Kate managed to deal with her grief by emulating his cool-headedness. She excelled both academically and athletically, and was eventually accepted into West Point as a cadet. She continued to excel at the Academy, earning the rank of Brigade Executive Officer her senior year, as well as completing both Air Assault School and the U.S. Army Airborne School and earning prestigious awards like the RECONDO badge and the Superintendent’s Award for Excellence. She also began a romantic relationship with Sophie Moore, a fellow cadet.
Shortly after Ring Weekend of Kate’s final year at the Academy, she was anonymously accused of homosexual conduct. Though given the chance to stay at the Academy and accept a demotion, Kate instead chose to come out as a lesbian in order to prevent a further investigation, thus protecting Sophie and other closeted cadets. Kate resigned from the Academy and was subsequently expelled under Don’t-Ask-Don’t-Tell.
Similar to her cousin Bruce, Kate uses her status as a rich socialite to disguise her vigilante activities; however, unlike Bruce, whose playboy persona is usually depicted as a facade, Kate enjoys her public lifestyle, a trait which Bruce himself admires.Naturally confident and flirtatious, Kate adapted such characteristics for intel-gathering purposes as a vigilante.
Kate lives in a penthouse atop the R.H. Kane building that also contains her crime fighting headquarters,and holds an office job of some sort. She is an occasional gig musician at various bars around Gotham, performing as a guitarist.
Though never outright stated, the Kanes are implied to be of the Reform Judaism denomination, as Kate and Beth were not preparing for a bat mitzvah on their 12th birthday.Kate displays a menorah and Shabbat candles in her penthouse and celebrates Jewish holidays,but does not follow kosher dietary restrictions.
Greg Rucka mentions Kate as being shaped by her parents, who demonstrated “the best of what [military] culture can offer,” including personal responsibility, integrity, service, and a diminutization of personal gratification. In particular, Kate takes after her father Jacob, as she specifically emulated his levelheaded demeanor in the wake their family tragedy to counteract her grief and inherent hotheadedness. This personality shift is something she maintained as an adult.
Kate Kane was a Senior Elite-level gymnast in high school.Along with her required military training at West Point (which included instruction in Modern Army Combatives), she completed Air Assault School and the US Army Airborne School, and earned the Recondo Badge, all while maintaining a 95th percentile or better class rank and an above-average Cadet Performance Score. As a cadet, she also competed in boxing (having been taught by her father as a teenager), and is implied to have won an academy boxing championship against Sophie Moore sometime before their senior year.Larry Hama’s short story “Honor Code” establishes that Kate, early in her senior year as a cadet, was skilled enough in both psychological warfare and the Pashto language to be sent on a mission to Afghanistan to capture a terrorist leader.Additionally, the story mentions Kate is an expert-level marksman on the M4 Carbine and M92 pistol and “maxed her PT requirements,” indicating she earned the maximum score on the Army Physical Fitness Test and the Indoor Obstacle Course Test.
While traveling the world during her post-West Point debauchery, Kate fractured her skull in a diving mishap off the coast of Coryana, a so-called “pirate nation” located in the Mediterranean Sea. After washing up on the island, her head wound was crudely stitched together with gold thread,which left Kate with a limited ability to detect electromagnetic fields, similar to the notion of dental fillings picking up radio waves.
During her Batwoman training, Kate was taught by members of various special operations units, such as the Green Berets, Navy SEALs, SAS, and others.There is a strong implication that one of her non-military trainers was Green Arrow antagonist Shado.Kate learned a much wider variety of martial arts during this time, including karate,[ Krav Maga, Muay Thai, taekwondo, and Wing Chun; she has mentioned knowing a total of at least 14 styles. Additionally, she received training in military strategy, weaponry, parkour, wingsuiting, survival skills, and specialized skills such as bomb disposal; this included instruction at the FBI Academy. She also underwent resistance training for torture and incapacitating agents like tear gas.
Red Knight One, a customized Ducati sport motorcycle.
The Sequoia: (Destroyed) A Colony vehicle disguised as the Kane family yacht that Kate used as her primary transportation during her global missions with Julia Pennyworth. The outwardly-normal yacht could transform into an airship that more closely resembled other Colony vehicles.
The Kônos: A hypersonic 1-person jet, included as part of the loadout of the Sequoia.
Batarangs: A foldable version shaped like two hinged claws, known as “thorns”.
Cryo-Baton: Batwoman’s battle staff.
Taser gloves: An upgrade from the DEO, using modified tech from the Electrocutioner.Capable of using the suit’s stored power to discharge as a large beam attack.
Python coil: A lasso-type weapon that constricts and cuts into a victim the more they struggle.
Fear toxin: Carried in canisters in her gauntlets
Hans von Hammer was the scion of an aristocratic German family and an ace of the German Air Force during World War I, serving through most of the war. As a child, Von Hammer was tutored by his father and his lessons were supplemented by sessions with the famous arms masters of Europe, even as far as winning against the best swordsman in Germany. Most importantly, he was taught by his father to fight with honor. An exceptional flyer, Von Hammer soon became the Rittmeister of his own Jagdstaffel hunting squadron, and feared among Allied forces as the Enemy Ace.
During the course of the air war, he survived numerous encounters with Allied aces, such as the Balloon Buster and the Hangman, and was responsible for accumulating over 70 kills to his record; however, he took no joys in performing this duty. Due to his upbringing, Von Hammer had a high sense of honor and respect for the enemy, and he would refuse to shoot an unarmed or wounded foe, feeling that would be murder, not combat. He was prone to loneliness and hated being called a killer and a killing machine. He would often after flying hunt in the Black Forest where he met “his only friend” a black wolf who would hunt with him. Von Hammer also had an orderly named Schmidt who gloated over Hans’ victories. Von Hammer settled into his castle in Bavaria after the Armistice in 1918.
By the time of World War II, Von Hammer had an extreme dislike for the Nazi regime, a fact which his old squadmates tried to hush up. However he was asked to serve by one of his old squadmates Peter Stalschmidt in May, 1942. Von Hammer served on the Russian Front near Leningrad from July 1942 to March, 1943. He quickly regained his flying edge and helped the rest of his new unit. He was shot down over the city in January 1943, where he saw the full horrors of war on the Eastern Front before escaping back into German lines.
Two years later in March and April, 1945, Von Hammer’s unit was providing air defense of Munich against American bombers. Now equipped with the new jet-powered Me 262, Von Hammer scored impressive victories against the Allies. However the war was lost with the jet fighters’ combat performance severely hampered by Germany’s limited supply of fuel and maintenance parts while the Allies’s air forces are overwhelming in their strength thanks to their countries’ vastly superior industrial production capacity. In the face of those military realities, Von Hammer was shot down and baled out over the Dachau Concentration Camp. After witnessing the atrocities at the concentration camp and outraged by the Nazis’ perpetuation of the Holocaust, Von Hammer realized he was fighting for a criminal regime and he convinced his unit to prepared to surrender to the Americans. In a final act of defiance he had the jet fighters destroyed before surrendering to Sergeant Frank Rock and Easy Company.
Aviation: Hans von Hammer is considered one of the single best fighter pilots to come out of World War I.
Aerial Combat: During his career as a fighter pilot, Enemy Ace acquired seventy-plus kills, more than any other World War I era pilot.
Tactical Analysis: Enemy Ace possessed a keen analytical mind, which in combination with his natural instincts, enabled him to calculate battle plans, strategize against enemy assailants and dominate the “Killer Skies”.
Hand-to-Hand Combat (Advanced): Though most of Von Hammer’s combat took place in the air, he was equally skilled with his fists. He was also trained in fencing and is an expert shot with a pistol.
Hunting: Von Hammer was an expert hunter, often hunting for relaxation between his flying missions with his pet black wolf
Punisher U.S. Marine Corps
Frank Castle(born Francis Castiglione)
United States Marine Corps
Heroes for Hire
Mr. Smith, Charles Fort, Frank Rook, Johnny Tower, Franken-Castle
Abnormally high pain tolerance
Skilled in guerrilla warfare, military tactics, close quarters combat, infiltration, marksmanship, demolitions, and unarmed combat
Expert investigator and interrogator
Expert knowledge in methods of both criminals and law enforcement
Various U.S. military special operations training
Lt. Frank Castle (born Francis Castiglione) aka the Punisher was an Italian-American former US Marine who served in multiple tours of duty,including the Siancong War, where he received the Bronze Star, Silver Star, and four Purple Hearts.He became a vigilante after seeing his wife; Maria and children; Lisa and Frank Jr. gunned down for accidentally observing a Mafia “hit”.Now with a distinct death’s head skull adorning his chest, he devoted his life to the task of destroying organized crime wherever he found it.
Born in Queens, New York,to Sicilian immigrants, the young Francis Castiglione studied in the seminary for a time, married his wife, Maria, who was already pregnant with their first child, before enlisting in the United States Marine Corps, eventually rising to the rank of Captain.
During his time in the USMC, Castiglione graduated from boot camp and then went on to United States Marine Corps School of Infantry. While still in training, Castiglione met Phan Bighawk, an American Indian scout. He was assigned to be Castiglione’s guide, and through Phan, he learned how to survive in the wilderness.Following his training, Castiglione served for the Marines for four tours.Despite being one of, if not the best sniper in the corps, it is generally implied that many of his superiors didn’t like him and put him in situations where they hoped he would be killed.
While on leave, Frank took his wife and two small children to Central Park in New York City. Coincidentally, the family happened upon the scene of a mob killing on the Sheep’s Meadow green in the park. Fearing witnesses, the mobsters murdered Castle’s family in cold blood and escaped.Castle managed to survive the attack but was deeply traumatized by the incident. He was going to testify in court to identify the shooters, but Castle was denied this since the New York City Police department were deeply connected with the Mafia. He decided not to return to Marine duty.
When mobsters slayed his family, Frank Castle vowed to spend the rest of his life avenging them. Now equipped with state-of-the-art weapons, he wages a one-man war against crime as the Punisher.Castle uses his combat experience, guerrilla and urban warfare techniques, as well as detective-like skills to achieve is mission. This includes using the Mafia’s own tactics against them to track down and kill those responsible for the death of his family.
Frank Castle is a vigilante/anti-hero who employs murder, kidnapping, extortion, coercion, threats of intense violence, and torture in his battle against crime. His brutal nature and willingness to kill has made him one of the most dangerous men alive.
Maximum Human Conditioning: The Punisher is in peak physical condition.Through his rigorous training & exercise regimes, he developed levels of strength, speed, endurance, reflexes, healing, longevity, metabolism and immune system efficiency near the absolute limits of human capability.
Peak Human Endurance: Castle’s endurance is unbelievably high. He frequently performs surgery on himself without pain medication.
Peak Human Durability: Castle’s durability is unbelievably high. He was hit by Black Widow, a Russian super-soldier,and Captain America so strongly that it passed through a thick wall and is shown only with minor wounds.
Master Martial Artist: Castle is a thoroughly seasoned veteran in multiple forms of armed and unarmed combat.Specifically, he is highly adept in American-style CQC (close-quarters combat), Muay Thai, Krav Maga, Systema ninjutsu, Shorin-ryu Karate, Hwa Rang Do, Chin Na and Nash Ryu Jujutsu, his style of choice being the latter.
Weapons Master: As an authority on modern warfare, the Punisher is a recipient of multi-disciplinary military knowledge from the United States Armed Forces. Thanks to this and continued training, the Punisher is a master of many weapons, favoring daggers and long-range shooting weapons.The Punisher’s ever-changing arsenal of weaponry includes various automatic and semiautomatic rifles, and an array of handguns, fragmentation and tear gas grenades, other explosives, and combat knives.A personal favorite is his ballistic knife, which can launch its blade with lethal force. He commonly uses M16 .223 caliber automatic rifles, Sterling Mark 6 9 mm, semi automatic rifles, 9 mm Browning Llama automatic pistols, .45 caliber automatic frame re-chambered for 9 mm ammunition, .223 caliber Derringers, and Gerber Mark 2 combat knives.
Blade Weapons Training: Castle has extensive knowledge of blade weapons from his years of training in various martial arts disciplines as well as his military training.He tends to carry with him up to 3 or 4 different types of edged-weapons, preferring the knife he learned to fight with in the USMC: the Ka-bar.[
Master Marksman: He is a sharpshooter and exceptional marksman with many types of firearms,often depicted as being ambidextrous and rarely missing his target. Trained as an elite sniper, he’s skilled enough to hit a target from 4 km. He is skilled in knife throwing as well.
Expert Pilot: Castle received helicopter training with the U.S. Army and U.S. Naval Special Warfare Command. He has been shown flying both helicopters and airplanes.
Interrogation Master: Castle uses his skills at interrogation to get information from people linked to criminals through creative use of torture as well such as water boarding, electrocution, suffocation, sleep deprivation, starvation etc.
Extensive Special Operations Training: As part of his Marine Force Recon training, Castle completed U.S. Navy SEAL (SEa Air Land), UDT (Underwater Demolition Team) and LRPA (Long Range Patrol) training, EOD (explosive ordnance disposal) training, graduated the Army’s Ranger School, completed the U.S. Army Airborne School (AKA “jump school”), graduated the U.S. Army Special Forces Qualification Course, and LRRP (Long Range Recon Patrol) training. He also took part in cross-training with the Australian Special Air Service Regiment. He’s also a qualified HALO (High Altitude Low Opening) jumper.
Master Tactician: Armed solely with conventional weapons and motivated by a fanatical hatred for criminals like those who murdered his family, the Punisher has single-handedly incapacitated up to a dozen well-armed and experienced opponents in a single encounter and escaped uninjured. It is his military training and his attention to detail that allows him to achieve this.
Indomitable Will: Frank has complete control of his mind and consciousness, providing a strong resistance against telepathic powers that are used against him. When Letha tries to control Frank’s mind, he scoffs at their attempt saying “It doesn’t feel different from any other day.”
Bilingual: As well as English, Frank is able to speak Spanish.
The Punisher’s body functions at the peak of human condition, granting him peak human strength.Black Widow, a Russian super-soldier has even stated that Frank was stronger than herself. He can press lift twice his own body weight or about 550lbs. Frank engages in a brutal regimen of calisthenics, katas and firing range practice daily, maintaining his combat skills and he does not drink alcohol or do drugs.
Non-Superhuman Physical Conditioning: Castle is as susceptible to physical injury and disease as any other normal human, often having to rely more on strategy than strength when up against a superhuman opponent. However, different characters like Nick Fury have commented on how extraordinarily high his pain tolerance is.Frank does not even take over-the-counter painkillers, believing that their benefit of dulling pain isn’t worth the side effects of drowsiness or slowed reflexes.
James Buchanan “Bucky” Barnes Jr.
James Buchanan Barnes
Legion of the Unliving
Bucky, Winter Soldier, Captain America
Master hand-to-hand combatant & martial artist
Skilled in use of military weapons and throwing knives
Skilled assassin and spy
Via cybernetic left arm:
Enhanced reaction time
Via Infinity Formula:
Enhanced strength, speed, agility, reflexes, stamina, and resiliency to injury
James “Bucky”Barnes aka Winter Soldier is an American Soldier turned Soviet spy and assassin. He was recruited to the U.S. Army during World War II after being a ward of the state. He fought alongside his best friend Captain America the “Sentinel of Liberty”and the Invaders,together they helped the allies win the war. Bucky was believed to be dead near the end of the war only to have been found and brainwashed by the Soviets led by Vasily Karpov, who made him the Winter Soldier. He was sent on clandestine missions and committed some of the worst assassinations over the next 50 years. His memory was returned to him decades later and he became the new Captain America after Steve Rogers was seemingly murdered and also joined the Avengers.When Steve returned, he took up the identity of the Winter Soldier once again.
James Buchanan “Bucky” Barnes was born in 1925.In 1935, he tragically lost both of his parents early in his life; his mother, Winnifred Barnes had died when he was a child and his father, George Barnes had died in an accident while in basic training at Camp Lehigh.Barnes was separated from his younger sister, Rebecca Barnes, who was sent to boarding school while he persuaded officials into letting him remain at Camp Lehigh as a ward of the state due to sharing his father’s love of the armed forces He was eventually considered the camp mascot. During World War II, Barnes set up a profitable endeavor providing soldiers with various non-requisition supplies in 1940.He traveled to England,and soon began to receive select assignments as a special military operative, having received hand to hand combat training with British Commandos under the tutelage of William Essart Fairbairn and Colonel Rex Applegate.After his training with military combat instructors, Barnes met and befriended Steve Rogers, who had recently become the US government operative, Captain America. He was assigned to accompany Rogers, but was initially unaware of the true nature of his work. One night, Barnes happened into Rogers’ tent just as he was changing to his masked identity. Sworn to secrecy, Barnes joined Captain America on his first mission against the Red Skull, freeing many Nazi prisoners. For several months afterward, Barnes underwent an intensive training program under Captain America’s tutelage. When he finished, Barnes received his own costumed identity as Bucky and was designated as a counter-example to Hitler Youth. Although he was able to work with his mentor for most of his missions, James was trained to carry out missions the government officials did not want Captain America to be openly involved in. He was cynical and slightly dubious of the idealistic Steve Rogers, but they soon became the closest of friends.
In late 1945, toward the end of the war, Captain America and Bucky were in London, England, on the trail of Nazi scientist Baron Heinrich Zemo. They discovered Zemo in the process of stealing an experimental drone plane built by the Allies. In the ensuing battle with Zemo’s powerful humanoid robot, both Captain America and Bucky were rendered unconscious and strapped to the drone plane to be delivered to Hitler in Berlin. Unable to stand the sight of their patriotic costumes, Zemo dressed them in U.S. Army uniforms. Managing to escape before Zemo activated the plane, the two American champions saw the drone plane begin to move just as they jumped off. Quickly, Captain America and Bucky grabbed a motorcycle and tried to catch up with it. Just before it flew out of reach, the two leaped for the plane. Bucky leaped first and managed to get a grip on the plane’s wing. Captain America missed, and shouted to his partner to let go in case the plane was booby-trapped. Bucky was unable to comply with his partner’s commands because his uniform sleeved snagged onto the cockpit of the plane. The plane exploded, seemingly killing Bucky instantly. Captain America plunged into the English Channel to undergo the process of suspended animation, but Bucky’s remains were never recovered strengthening the belief that he was killed in action.
Bucky however was very much alive. When he had failed to disarm the plane in time he had leaped off of the plane but did not escape completely unscratched. The explosion had claimed his entire left arm. He then plunged into the icy waters only to undergo the same process his mentor had. After the war had ended, a Russian submarine hoping to recover and capture the missing “Captain America” instead found the preserved body of Bucky. After being retrieved and examined for any traces of the Super-Soldier Serum, his body was placed in cryostasis.
Winter Soldier was used to conduct many strategic assassinations across the world and would sometimes stay in one nation for extended periods. One of his targets was Itsu, the pregnant wife of his wartime ally Logan who he killed in 1946 under orders from an unknown source.
In 1954, he was revived and outfitted with a replacement bionic arm, which had been made after a Soviet spy had recovered schematics for cybernetic appendage. The arm was to be replaced by a newer and more advanced one every time there was an improvement in their technology. While he had no memory of his past, Barnes still had considerable physical skill. He was indoctrinated to hate the West and was provided with mental implants during sensory deprivation, molding him into the perfect assassin.
White Wolf Bucky
In Falcon and the Winter Soldier, Bucky was called White Wolf, but Captain America’s partner wasn’t the first Wakandan resident with that name. … While Falcon was confused when he heard this , the kids in Wakanda called Winter Soldier the White Wolf and it stuck, with King T’Challa even using the term at one time
Enhanced Physical Conditioning: James Barnes has been injected with the Infinity Formula by Nick Fury in order to save his life. As a result, Barnes’ body was enhanced to the peak of human potential of strength, agility, stamina, speed, etc.The formula is definite such that if Barnes decided to live an unhealthy lifestyle, none of his powers would be weakened by any conventional means.
Peak Human Strength: Barnes’ strength is enhanced to the peak of human potential. He is strong enough to break a solid wall with a single punch,as well as effortlessly lifting a full grown man over his head with one arm and throwing him. He easily used a large sofa as a weapon against Viper; furthermore, this strength extends to his legs, enabling him to leap several times high eight out in a single bound, and smaller heights into the air without a running start.
Peak Human Speed: Barnes is capable of running and moving at speeds faster than any Olympic-class runner,enabling him to run at speeds of 32-36 mph.He was able to move fast enough to exit a building as it was exploding.
Enhanced Stamina: Barnes’ musculature produces considerably less fatigue-toxins, allowing him to physically exert himself for several hours before showing any sign of fatigue or tiring. He can also hold his breath underwater for longer periods of time,
Peak Human Agility: Barnes’ equilibrium, coordination, dexterity, and flexibility is enhanced to levels that are beyond the physical limits of any Olympic gold medalist. He was able to leap at longer distance from one building to another building,swing on a large flag or pole with great performance, and also evade several missile explosions that targeted him in mid-air;furthermore, he utilized his shield to deflect a bullet from Sinthea Shmidt with perfect timing.Barnes had used both of his legs to strike the guards at the same time while strained. He also evaded a speeding car at close range
Enhanced Durability: Barnes’ physical body is much harder and more resistant to physical injury than the body of a human being. He withstood very strong blows from superhuman foes like Ursa Major,Hyperion,and Spider-Man.He also withstood electrocution,several gunshots and puncture wounds, as well as a fall from several stories, with little to no injury.
Enhanced Reflexes: Barnes’ reflexes are similarly enhanced and rival those of Captain America or Spider-Man. His reaction speed is superhumanly fast which makes it possible for him to easily dodge multiple gunshots at point-blank range simultaneously. He even dodged bullets from multiple gunmen while underwater.
Enhanced Endurance: Barnes exhibits extreme pain tolerance. He was able to endure temperatures below -40 degrees when he climbed mountains without aid supplies.
Regenerative Healing: Barnes’ rate of healing is much faster than normal humans.He is able to heal broken bones, torn muscles,several gunshots,knife wounds, and various other injuries within several days, like regenerating damaged cells from his heart.Most lesser injuries — like cuts, bruises, scrapes, or burns — heal within a few hours.
Enhanced Balance: Barnes’ balance and dexterity are in levels superior to that of the world’s most highly trained humans. The perfect example of his balance was shown during his evasion movements on one occasion when he used just two fingers to stand on the very edge of a building without any slip nor hesitation.
Enhanced Longevity: The Infinity Formula in Barnes’ blood has completely stopped him from aging. Unlike Nick Fury, the formula extends Barnes’ lifespan and youth which resulting his appearance of a man in his early 30’s despite being born in 1925.
Cybernetic Enhanced Physiology: Whether or not additional capabilities are from unknown enhancements or the sustained effects of the Infinity Formula injection, but some of Barnes’ abilities are shown to be at a greater level than peak human, such as his durability, reflexes, balance, and endurance. The implants associated with his cybernetic arm are known to have given him certain powers beyond typical human limitations, despite the fact that he is classified as peak human.
Bionic Arm:An implanted cybernetic arm is known to give Barnes powers beyond that of the limitations of peak human classification.
Superhuman Strength: Barnes has some degree of superhuman strength in his bionic arm. The cybernetic arm has been shown to destroy the undercarriage of a S.H.I.E.L.D. Flying Car,as well as effortlessly murder dozens of men with a single blow. He also destroyed a Cosmic Cube.He has been shown to break hardened steel chains with relatively no effort.
Stabilization Sensors: Barnes can detect the balance of objects via his bionic arm, such as Captain America’s shield, and thereby throw the items with pinpoint accuracy, even causing them to properly ricochet to return to him.
Tactical Reload: Thanks to Fixer’s upgrade, the arm can also reload weapons automatically.
Palm Sensors: The weapons that Barnes use have palm print sensors, which means if someone else attempts to use the scanned weapons, the weapons will self-destruct.
Sensory Array: The arm houses different sensors which allow him to map out his surroundings and identify targets, such as locating Miles Morales despite of his Spider-Camouflage.The arm can project holograms to appear and feel like a normal human arm,as well as pass through security such as metal detectors without setting them off. It can also shield other metallic objects from detection such as firearms and knives.
Extended Reach: Barnes can apparently either control his bionic arm even if it has been removed from his body, possibly via additional cybernetic implants, or his arm can be programmed to perform certain actions on its own while removed from his body.
Electrical Discharge: Barnes can discharge bolts of electrical energy from his arm’s palm, as was done to the Man With No Face, The Spot, and one of the Cape-Killer soldiers. Thanks to Fixer’s upgrade, he can emit a stream of flame burst from his arm. He can generate enough heat from his bionic arm to damage a huge robot, causing it to self-destruct.
Electromagnetic Pulse: Barnes can discharge an EMP, rendering electronic devices useless, though he failed to use it on a prepared Iron Man.
Cybernetic Defense: Barnes’ bionic arm is resistant to bladed weapons, such as when Sinthea Shmidt tried to stab him with a knife, and the blade broke,or when it managed to withstand an attack from Black Panther’s Vibranium claws with no visible damage. It is also highly resistant to explosions, withstanding Molotov cocktails with no signs of damage, and can even withstand impact from multiple high-caliber rounds simultaneously. For example, Barnes was able to use his arm to block several shots fired by Black Widow during their fight.Also, during a rough landing, his bionic arm took the brunt of the force but sustained no damage.
Retractable Blade: The cybernetic arm possesses a retractable blade that can be used for close combat.
Master Martial Artist: Barnes is a dangerously skilled martial artist and an extremely formidable unarmed combatant,as well as a proficient armed fighter.He received training from World War Two hand-to-hand combat luminaries William E. Fairbairn and Colonel Rex Applegate, the same instructors who taught Steve Rogers, in multiple martial arts and acrobatics as a teenager, and was trained in more of them while being molded into an assassin by the Soviet Union. As a teen, he defeated some of the highest skilled adult soldiers in just seventeen seconds.He has single-handedly beaten Crossbones, a squad of S.H.I.E.L.D. agents,Wolverine,and the Black Widow, as well as defeated a regiment of Hydra agents alongside the Young Avengers, and fought both Captain America and Iron Man to a standstill. He fought against Daredevil,and defeated Punisher,and Gamora in a brief fight.During his training, he simply defeated Hawkeye,and Falcon in just a few moves.He fought against Ares by simply using his tactical prowess to surprisingly stimulate him. His combatant skills were also able to overpower foes like Ursa Major, Boris Bullski,Unicorn,Spider-Man (Miles Morales), and Batroc the Leaper.Barnes defeated Erlking with just one punch,and fought against William Burnside two times, dominating both encounters.He even fought Taskmaster and surprised him with armed combat.
Master Marksman: Barnes is an extremely accurate marksman and very skilled in sharpshooting and knife throwing .His perfect accuracy was shown when he shot twelve men at different locations at the same time. As a teenager, he was the best sniper in his division.
Expert Shield Fighter: Barnes became rapidly proficient with his former partner’s shield. He is able to throw it with near perfect aim, striking multiple targets in a single throw, and achieving a ricochet return after throwing it at a person or object.
Accelerated Development Process: Barnes’ accelerated learning process are in levels greater than what is naturally possible.Due to his training from World War II instructors as a teen, General Phillips classified him as the best natural fighter in history, even before his special training.During his special training with S.A.S, he rapidly studied every combat move of Steve Rogers;furthermore, he was also gifted enough to learn and complete the utmost fighting skills training from the Soviet Union in a week.
Master of Stealth: Barnes can appear from place to place without being detected.
Master Acrobat: Barnes performs very excellent acrobat that is superior to any trained finest athlete and is capable of accomplished many difficult acrobatic feats.
Master Advanced Scout: Barnes is a very gifted scout and adept at stealth and concealment.
Weapons Proficiency: Barnes is proficient at wielding many weapons including pistols, rifles, knives, grenades, etc.
Multilingual: Barnes is fluent in English, Russian, German, Japanese, Chinese, and a little French. He might be able to speak other languages.
Expert Tactician: Barnes is a very skilled strategist and has led teams such as the Thunderbolts with excellent planning to ensure victory.
Master Spy: Barnes is an expert in the field of espionage thanks largely to World War Two hand-to-hand combat luminaries William Essart Fairbairn and Colonel Rex Applegate, his former partner, Steve Rogers, the United States military, British SAS regiment, and the Russian Government. He is skilled in stealth, demolitions, survival, deducing other persons ways of thinking and other fields.
Advanced Military Operator: Over the years of studying Captain America, Barnes is excellent skilled in all Armed force disciplines including intellect gathering, escape arts, assassination, demolition, survival tactics, hunting, swimming, mountaineering, interrogation, map making and reading, disguising, communication systems, explosions, computers, reading and making wood craft signs, and other secret code languages.
Master Assassin: Barnes is an adept of his generation as Matthew Murdock and Elektra Natchios is of theirs, possibly the most lethal assassin in the Marvel Universe rivaling others such as Bullseye or Elektra. During an operation on the Russian Front with the Invaders, Barnes has from concealment thrown a 60 centimetres-long knife to penetrate the winter uniform outer garment of a German soldier with such accuracy as to pierce his heart in high arctic winds several meters. Barnes has mastered and implemented several methods to silently eliminate sentries with bladed weapons, garrotes or his bare hands, making him as lethal in his own way as his former Invader teammates, the Torches, Union Jack or Namor. He is a master at stealth and tracking and is very intelligent. He was able to render Wolverine’s superhumanly acute senses such as smell completely useless by luring him to an abandoned warehouse that was completely soaked on the inside with oil and even soaking himself to make it so that Wolverine could not detect him.Barnes has made a habit out of constantly studying his surroundings and depicting what he can and cannot do in whatever situation he should fall in much like his former partner, Captain America before his death. During Barnes’ visit to the Captain America exhibit that had been made to honor him after his death, he was constantly detecting potential ways to sneak in and out of the museum and the room without being detected and only taking out a small number of security to do so.The Black Widow stated to Tony Stark that he was one of the most dangerous men she knew.
Superhuman Strength: With the bionic arm, Barnes possessed some level of superhuman strength. Aside from his bionic arm, his strength is at the peak of human potential, which makes him stronger than normal humans. He can physically exert his strength for an over-head lift of up to 800 lbs. (363 kg) if necessary.
Electromagnetic pulses could theoretically render his bionic arm useless; however, his arm is capable of emitting an EMP itself and thus must have some degree of shielding.
Colonel Nicholas Joseph Fury
Nicholas Joseph Fury
United States Army Rangers
Team White (“Secret Warriors”)
Dum Dum Dugan
Master in espionage and intelligence gathering
Skilled military strategist
Skilled in special operations
Skilled armed and unarmed combatant
Longevity via Infinity Formula
Nicholas Joseph Fury is the eldest of three children born to Jack Fury in New York City. His father is a United States citizen who enlists in the United Kingdom’s Royal Flying Corps during World War I. Jack enlists in 1916 and is stationed in France. He shoots down Manfred von Richthofen early in his flying career, and is a highly decorated combat aviator by the end of the War in 1918.
Discharged after the War, Jack returns home, marries an unnamed woman, and becomes the father of three children. Nick, probably born in the late 1910s or early 1920s, is followed by Jacob “Jake” Fury (later the supervillain Scorpio who co-founded the Zodiac cartel), and their sister, Dawn.
All three children grow up in the neighborhood known as Hell’s Kitchen, Manhattan, New York. Nick is an amateur boxer through the New York City Police Athletic League where he learns marksmanship. As a teenager in 1937, he went overseas for the first time to fight with the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. He was on leave in Guernica when the fascists bombed it.
After he returns to America, Fury and his friend Red Hargrove leave the neighborhood to pursue their dreams of adventure, eventually settling on a daring wing walking and parachuting act. In the early 1940s, their death-defying stunts catch the attention of Lieutenant Samuel “Happy Sam” Sawyer, who was then training with the British Commandos, who enlists them for a special mission in the Netherlands. Nick and Red later join the U.S. Army, with Fury undergoing Basic Training under a Sergeant Bass. Nick and Red are stationed together at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii when the Imperial Japanese Navy ambushes the base on December 7, 1941. Red is among the many killed in the attack on Pearl Harbor, with Fury swearing vengeance against both the Japanese and the Nazis.
Sawyer, now a captain, assigns Fury command of the First Attack Squad, a unit of U.S. Army Rangers, who are awarded the honorary title of Commandos by Winston Churchill after their first missions. They are nicknamed the “Howling Commandos” and stationed at a military base in the United Kingdom to fight specialized missions, primarily but not exclusively in the European Theatre of World War II. During this period, Fury falls in love with a British nurse, Lady Pamela Hawley, who dies in a bombing raid on London before he can propose to her.At the end of World War II in Europe, Fury is severely injured by a land mine in France, and is found and healed by a Berthold Sternberg, who uses him as a test subject for his Infinity Formula. After making a full recovery, Fury begins working for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Six months into his service, he learns the extent of Sternberg’s life-saving operation: the Infinity Formula has stopped his aging, but if he does not receive annual doses, he will age rapidly and die. The doctor begins a 30-year period of extorting large sums of money from Fury in exchange for the injections.Fury becomes the second commander of S.H.I.E.L.D. as its Public Director. The ultimate authority of S.H.I.E.L.D. is revealed to be a cabal of 12 mysterious men and women who give Fury his orders and operational structure, leaving Fury to manage the actual implementation of these orders and stratagems.The identities of these people have never been revealed; they appear only as shaded figures on monitors. Initially, his organization’s primary nemesis is the international terrorist organization Hydra, created by Fury’s worst enemy of World War II, Baron Wolfgang von Strucker (after retconning of the original continuity). Under Fury, S.H.I.E.L.D. grows into one of the world’s most powerful organizations, reaching covertly into national governments and forming strategic alliances with the Avengers and other superhero groups, while always maintaining independence and deniability. Fury soon becomes the superhero community’s main contact when government-related information is required in order to deal with a crisis.
Nick Fury’s aging has been slowed greatly by the Infinity Formula, a serum created by Dr. Berthold Sternberg. Fury was first inoculated with the serum in the 1940s. Fury took the serum annually for many years. Originally Fury had to take the formula annually or the effects would be reversed, allowing his body to reach its actual chronological age.Nick Fury is depicted as an active athletic man despite his advanced chronological age, though writers have sometimes portrayed Fury as being past his prime despite the Infinity Formula as in the Fury and Wolverine graphic novel. As of the “Original Sin” story arc, it is revealed that at some point the Infinity Formula stopped working for him and Fury has only pretended to stop aging by using LMDs.
Fury’s injured left eye, though initially minimally affected by a grenade blast during World War II, has over the decades resulted in a 95% loss of vision in this eye. Despite some comments to the contrary, Fury has not had the eye removed, nor bionically enhanced, and he merely covers it with a cosmetic eye-patch to prevent depth perception distortion. He has explained that when needing to disguise himself, he only needs to remove the eyepatch, slip in a contact lens and darken his hair, as everyone always looks for a one-eyed man.
Fury is a seasoned unarmed and armed combat expert, was a heavyweight boxer in the army (during World War II), and holds a black belt in Tae Kwon Do and a brown belt in Jiu Jitsu. He has further honed his unarmed combat skills sparring with Captain America. The character is a combat veteran of three wars, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, as well as numerous “military adviser” missions and clandestine operations (“a dozen conflicts you’ve never even heard of”). He is trained as a paratrooper, Ranger, a demolitions expert, vehicle specialist (including aircraft and seagoing vessels), and a Green Beret.[
Fury has access to a wide variety of equipment and weaponry designed by S.H.I.E.L.D. technicians. He wears a S.H.I.E.L.D. uniform made of 9-ply Kevlar (able to withstand ballistic impact up to .45 caliber bullets) and a Beta cloth (type C), a fire-resistant material, which has a kindling temperature of 1,700 °F (930 °C). Fury uses various types of handguns, including a .15 caliber needle gun, a government issue .45 caliber automatic, a captured German Luger in 9mm Parabellum, a modified semi-automatic Walther PPK in 9 mm Parabellum, and the Ingram MAC-10 machine pistol in .45 ACP.
As the director of S.H.I.E.L.D., Fury has access to the entire S.H.I.E.L.D. highly advanced arsenal of weaponry; various air, land, and sea craft provided by S.H.I.E.L.D.; and numerous S.H.I.E.L.D. paraphernalia, including a radio-link tie and a bulletproof suit. Due to his high-ranking status, even when S.H.I.E.L.D. is directed by Tony Stark, Norman Osborn and Steve Rogers, Fury retains access to several S.H.I.E.L.D. warehouses and paraphernalia that are unknown to anyone else but him.
After his transformation into The Unseen, Nick Fury now possesses the same Cosmic Awareness as the Watchers, which grants him the ability to observe different timelines, allowing him to see the past, present and even possible futures of every alternate timelines.
Nicholas Joseph Fury Jr. (Marcus Johnson)
Nick Fury Jr. (né Marcus Johnson)
United States Army
75th Ranger Regiment
Marcus Johnson, Sgt. Johnson, Nick Fury
He is a son of former U.S. Army hero/super-spy and the intelligence agency S.H.I.E.L.D. director Nick Fury.
Marcus Johnson was raised in Atlanta, Georgia by his mother Nia Jones. At the age of 18, Marcus passed on numerous college football scholarships in order to enlist in the US Army, serving in Iraq. After his enlistment he earned a degree in philosophy from the University of Georgia. Marcus then re-enlisted in the Army, achieving the rank of staff sergeant.
While serving in Afghanistan with 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Marcus is told that his mother has been murdered back in the United States. He returns home and is attacked by the men who killed his mother, and by Taskmaster, but is saved by Captain America. S.H.I.E.L.D. agents arrive and take him to a S.H.I.E.L.D. facility, after a while Johnson comes to feel he is being held there against his will and escapes, but is caught by Taskmaster once again. Before he can obtain any information, a man in a mask saves him, but then flees. Johnson catches up to the man, who is revealed to be his father Nick Fury. Fury and Johnson are then captured by the organization Leviathan’s former member Orion, who has Johnson’s left eye cut out and confirms that Johnson has in his DNA the Infinity Formula, which has given Fury his long lifespan. Fury helps Johnson escape, but Fury himself has his blood transfused to Orion so that Orion’s youth can be restored, draining Fury’s remaining Infinity Formula. Johnson saves Fury with the help of his Ranger friend Phil Coulson, and later kills Orion. After convalescing, Johnson is given Steve Rogers’s Super Soldier uniform to wear. As a new agent of S.H.I.E.L.D., he is also informed of his birth name.
Nick Fury Jr. initially appears to have no superhuman qualities but he inherited his father’s Infinity Formula at birth, slowing his aging process, speeding his healing time, and granting him peak human physical fitness.
Fury was trained in espionage under Maria Hill.
General Thaddeus E. “Thunderbolt”
Thaddeus E. “Thunderbolt” Ross
United States Air Force
General Ross, Red Hulk, Rulk, The Thing (Future Imperfect)
As Thunderbolt Ross:
Expert military strategist
Access to advanced technology and weapons
Commanding officer with access to many soldiers and armies As Red Hulk:
Immense superhuman strength, stamina and durability
Ross grew up in a military environment with both his father and paternal grandfather in the military.
Ross is the Air Force general in charge of Bruce Banner’s gamma bomb project. His daughter, Betty, takes a liking to the young scientist, deepening Ross’ dislike for the “weakling”. After Banner’s transformation into the Hulk, Ross spends years chasing the monster, becoming obsessed enough to commit treason by allying himself with the Leader, MODOK, and the Abomination to destroy the Hulk. Dismissed from the military, he shows up at Betty and Bruce’s wedding with a gun and shoots Rick Jones. He is recruited by S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Clay Quartermain to merge with the electric creature Zzzax, a process that gives Ross superpowers but also makes him mentally unstable. He is later restored to human form but retains some residual energy-generating powers.
Finally, the Nevermind, a mutant who drains people of their life energy, attacks Gamma Base in search of a strong host, in this case the Hulk. After witnessing Banner and Rick Jones (who was the Hulk at that time) heroically engaging the mutant, Ross realizes that he has been wrong about the Hulk being a mindless monster. He saves his daughter by allowing the mutant to latch on him and discharging the energy resources he retained from Zzzax. Giving his blessing to Bruce and Betty, he dies in his daughter’s arms.
Ross’ body is later stolen by the Leader, who uses the powers of one of his followers to resurrect Ross. He turns him into a mindless replacement for his fallen soldier Redeemer. Ross is eventually recovered and revived by agents of the alien Troyjan and returns to the Air Force. He later comes up with a more cost-effective method of confronting the Hulk when he is in his childlike stage: active non-resistance. He and his men simply do not fire on or engage the Hulk in any way. The Hulk, confused, does not smash and leaps away.[
Ross would make friends with Banner, but when Betty is seemingly killed due to what both Ross and Banner believed to have been Banner’s gamma-irradiated DNA interacting with hers, he once more pursues the Hulk with a vendetta.
Around this time, General Ryker takes over the pursuit of the Hulk. Ross is indirectly involved, observing when Ryker mentally tortures Banner to try to figure out how the Hulk works. The Hulk escapes from Ryker’s control and, after several adventures, is lost in space.
After the Hulk returns from exile and initiates “World War Hulk”, General Ross, now a full general, makes his own return, electing to bring the fight to his nemesis once more after the Hulk beats Iron Man. After a failed assault on the Hulk, Ross and his men are captured and placed in chains under the watch of Hulk’s Warbound, the army he has brought back from space. The Hulk is eventually defeated via satellite weapons that revert him to human form.
Ross’ military affiliation has been inconsistently portrayed in the comics. Many early Hulk stories depicted Ross as an Army general trying to capture or destroy the Hulk with a U.S. Army battalion called the “Hulkbusters”. However, he is also frequently seen in an Air Force uniform, as in his first appearance in Incredible Hulk #1. Stories about his service during World War II portray him as an Army officer in the U.S. Army Air Corps, as the Air Force was not a separate branch of the Armed Forces until September 18, 1947. In a November 2010 Q&A column, then-Marvel editor-in-chief Joe Quesada clarified that Ross is a member of the U.S. Air Force and that inconsistencies in his uniform can be explained via the artistic license with which artists attempt to present a more dramatic-looking uniform, and that Ross may be a part of a special unit of the U.S. Air Force, or the Marvel Universe’s version of it, which has its own unique dress code
“Thunderbolt” Ross currently possesses no super human abilities, after being injected with a cure for his Gamma-derived mutations. This was undone due to the tortures at the hands of Crossbones and Cutthroat.
Transformation: Red Hulk will not transform between forms without consciously willing it. For example when he was knocked out by Hulk, A-Bomb, and Thor, he did not revert for hours even though he was unconscious. Though he has sometimes changed back when asleep.
Superhuman Strength: Red Hulk possesses vast superhuman strength. He can augment it by absorbing radiation.Red Hulk has performed some extraordinary feats of strength which include over-powering and killing the Abomination with relative ease, defeating an Odinforce-powered Thor in a one-on-one fight (though it should be noted that Thor was unprepared for him as he defeated Ross immediately after returning to Earth and later in a subsequent fight when the Red Hulk sought his aid and did not fight in earnest), punching out the Watcher, and killing an Elder of the Universe. In a fight with the original Hulk, the narration describes the Red Hulk striking with the force of a nuclear explosion.
Superhuman Leaping: Red Hulk’s overdeveloped legs allows him to jump over vast distances. In his fight with Thor he was able to leap past the Earth’s atmosphere, requiring Mjolnir only to cover the rest of the distance to the moon and then leapt from the moon back to Earth unaided.
Regenerative Healing Factor: Red Hulk possesses a Healing Factor similar to that of the Green Hulk, although it’s noticeably less powerful, as it took a considerable period of time to just restore his sight after Wolverine slashed his eyes.
Retarded Aging: Red Hulk does not age because of his healing factor that regenerates his cells and that he is powered by gamma and cosmic energy, but when he was Ross he still aged.
Superhuman Stamina: Red Hulk’s stamina is nigh-limitless and can constantly fight,run and perform physical activities without any tire.
Superhuman Durability: Red Hulk can take damage that may instantly kill a human or lower level super humans, including atmospheric reentry.
Superhuman Speed: Red Hulk can move at superhuman speeds as well. Once he moved too fast for an unprepared Iron Man to reach.
Gamma Radiation Emission: Red Hulk constantly gives off gamma radiation. The rate of emission is increased the angrier he gets. This radiation sometimes burns what even Ross touches, and at high levels, makes Ross appear to be on fire. If Ross emits too much radiation, he overheats and can explode in immense levels, which could be dangerous for his opponents.
Energy Absorption: Red Hulk is capable of absorbing energy.He said in his confrontation against the Hulk and his Defenders that he absorbs energy, mostly gamma, but that he has a real taste for cosmic power. He has also absorbed (and taken for himself) the Silver Surfer’s power cosmic, leaving him powerless on the ground while Red Hulk flew away on his board. However, overuse of this power left Red Hulk unable to revert to his human form.[
Formidable hand-to-hand combatant, skilled military tactician
Ross possesses the normal human strength of a man of his age, height, and build who engages in moderate regular exercise. As Red Hulk he is listed at exactly 100, when not enhancing his powers by absorbing energy.However, this scale is only for comparing characters with each other, and not remotely to be taken literally. For example, Thor and Hercules received exactly the same rating.
As Ross, he is as vulnerable as any human. However he can overcome this weakness with his will-powered transformation into Red Hulk. As Red Hulk, he displays a notable weakness against bladed and sharp objects. The Punisher was able to easily stab him with a knife through his chest causing excessive bleeding, and later Wolverine’s cutting him open in the arm, back, chest and across the eyes, weakening and temporarily blinding him. Absorbing energy from the Negative Zone drains him. Red Hulk can overheat himself as the madder he gets the hotter he gets through the production of gamma radiation and is also vulnerable to mental attacks from powerful psychics.
Formerly a S.H.I.E.L.D..-issue handgun; ergonomically designed for his giant hands as the Red Hulk, taken from the armory of the Tony Stark designed Helicarrier.
Ross uses all kinds of military vehicles at his disposal, mainly helicopters.
James “Logan” Howlett,Canadian Army (Devil’s Brigade, 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion)
James “Logan” Howlett
Place of origin
Cold Lake, Alberta, Canada
Avengers Unity Squad
New Fantastic Four
Enhanced strength, speed, stamina, durability, agility, dexterity, and reaction time
Superhuman senses and animal-like attributes
Regeneration and slowed aging
Indestructible bones via adamantium-infused skeleton
Retractable adamantium claws
Master hand-to-hand combatant and martial artist
James Howlett was born to a wealthy Canadian family at the end of the 19th century, being the son of Mrs. Elizabeth Howlett and her husband’s employee, Thomas Logan. He was forced to abandon his family after the tragic murder of his father, a situation which caused his mutant bestial abilities of accelerated healing factor, keenly enhanced senses and bone claws in each hand to manifest. Adopting the name Logan, he wandered the world, living a long life filled with blood, war and betrayal, having vile Sabretooth as his archenemy and the Japanese warrior Ogun as his sensei.Unfortunately, by always acting as a lone wolf, Logan was an unwitting subject of the Weapon X program and had his bones coated in indestructible Adamantium, becoming an even more lethal asset.He was rescued and assisted by Mac and Heather Hudson, joining Department H as a Canadian government operative known as the Wolverine.
During World War II, Logan teams up with Captain America and continues a career as a mercenary. He serves with the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion
During D-Day, and later with the CIA before being recruited by Team X, a black ops unit.As a member of Team X, Logan is given false memory implants. Eventually breaking free of this mental control, he joins the Canadian Defense Ministry. Logan is subsequently kidnapped by the Weapon X program, where he remains captive and experimented on, until he escapes.It is during his imprisonment by Weapon X that he has adamantium forcibly fused onto his bones. James and Heather Hudson help him recover his humanity following his escape, and Logan begins work as an intelligence operative for the Canadian government’s Department H. He becomes Wolverine, one of Canada’s first superheroes. In his first mission, he is dispatched to stop the destruction caused by a brawl between the Hulk and the Wendigo.
Wolverine is a mutant with a number of both natural and artificial improvements to his physiology.
Healing and defensive powers
Wolverine’s primary mutant power is an accelerated healing process, typically referred to as his mutant healing factor, that regenerates damaged or destroyed tissues of his body far beyond that of normal humans. In addition to accelerated healing of physical traumas, Wolverine’s healing factor makes him extraordinarily resistant to diseases, drugs and toxins. However, he can still suffer the immediate effects of such substances in massive quantities; he has been seen to become intoxicated after ingesting significant amounts of alcohol,and has been incapacitated on several occasions with large amounts of powerful drugs and poisons; S.H.I.E.L.D. once managed to keep Wolverine anesthetized by constantly pumping eighty milliliters of anesthetic a minute into his system.
A study by the University of British Columbia states that Wolverine’s healing factor resembles the axolotl’s ability to regenerate lost limbs. It suggests that a novel protein—which the study’s authors dubbed Howlett—found in tissue samples taken from him, and which resembles the Amblox protein found in axolotl but is much more efficient, is responsible for Wolverine’s rapid regeneration. His healing factor is facilitated by artificial improvements he was subjected to under the Weapon X program (in later comics called the Weapon Plus program), in which his skeleton was reinforced with the virtually indestructible metal adamantium. While the adamantium in his body stops or reduces many injuries, his healing factor must also work constantly to prevent metal poisoning from killing him. When his healing powers were rendered inactive, Beast synthesized a drug to counteract the adamantium poisoning.
Wolverine’s healing factor also dramatically affects his aging process, allowing him to live far beyond the normal lifespan of normal humans. Despite being born in the late 19th century,he has the appearance, conditioning, health and vitality of a man in his physical prime. While seemingly ageless, it is unknown exactly how greatly his healing factor extends his life expectancy.
Although Wolverine’s body heals, the healing factor does not suppress the pain he endures while injured. Wolverine also admits to feeling phantom pains for weeks or months after healing from his injuries. He does not enjoy being hurt and sometimes has to work himself up for situations where extreme pain is certain. Wolverine, on occasion, has deliberately injured himself or allowed himself to be injured for varying reasons, including freeing himself from capture, intimidation, strategy, or simply indulging his feral nature.Though he now has all of his memories, his healing abilities can provide increased recovery from psychological trauma by suppressing memories in which he experiences profound distress.
Wolverine’s healing factor substantially, though not nearly as much as later writers would. During the 1980s, Wolverine’s mutant healing factor is depicted as being able to heal massive levels of trauma, though his recovery time could extend to days, weeks or months before fully healing; often depending upon the severity of the injuries, their extent and the frequency with which they’re inflicted.Wolverine has also stated that his body actually heals faster when the injury is grave or life-threatening. During the 1990s through the modern era, other writers have increased Wolverine’s healing factor to the point that it could fully regenerate nearly any damaged or destroyed bodily tissues within seconds. Among the more extreme depictions of Wolverine’s healing factor include fully healing after being caught near the center of an atomic explosion and the total regeneration of his soft body tissue, within a matter of minutes, after having it incinerated from his skeleton.An explanation is given in a recent mini-series starring Wolverine for the increase of his healing powers. In the series, Wolverine is referred to as an “adaptive self-healer” after undergoing numerous traumatic injuries to test the efficiency of his healing factor. Wolverine has endured so much trauma, and so frequently, that his healing factor has adapted, becoming faster and more efficient to cope with increasing levels of trauma.The Xavier Protocols, a series of profiles created by Xavier that lists the strengths and weaknesses of the X-Men, say that Wolverine’s healing factor is increased to “incredible levels” and theorizes that the only way to stop him is to decapitate him and remove his head from the vicinity of his body.
It is possible to suppress the efficiency of Wolverine’s healing powers; for example, if an object composed of adamantium is inserted and remains lodged within his body, his healing powers are slowed dramatically.The Muramasa blade, a katana of mystic origins that can inflict wounds that nullify superhuman healing factors, can also suppress Wolverine’s powers. It has also been noted that Wolverine needs protein for his healing factor to generate tissue, meaning that if he was seriously injured and malnourished, his body might not be able to repair itself.His healing factor has also been turned off using nanites.
It has been suggested that Wolverine can be killed by drowning. He has said that he is not particularly fond of being in the water, due partially to the weight of his adamantium laced skeleton, and that he can die if held underwater long enough – his healing factor would only prolong the agony. The two-part story arc “Drowning Logan” finds Wolverine trapped underwater for an extensive period of time.The second part of the story arc hints that this experience weakens his healing factor and future health.Following “Drowning Logan”, Beast reveals that an “intelligent virus” originating from the Microverse has shut off his healing factor, though not before it purged his body of the virus, leaving him as susceptible to injury, disease, and aging as any ordinary human.
Wolverine vol. 3, #57 reveals that when Wolverine is injured so seriously that his body actually dies before his healing factor can repair the damage, he returns to life by fighting with Azrael, the Angel of Death, while trapped in Purgatory because Wolverine defeated Azrael in real-world combat during World War I.However, after Wolverine’s resurrection and brainwashing by the Hand, he made a new deal with Azrael that repaired the damage to his soul, negated their previous arrangement, and weakened his healing factor slightly – and the next time Wolverine sustains death-inducing injuries, he will remain dead.
Due to a combination of Wolverine’s healing factor and high-level psionic shields implanted by Professor Xavier, Wolverine’s mind is highly resistant to telepathic assault and probing.Wolverine’s mind also possesses what he refers to as “mental scar tissue” created by the traumatic events of his life. It acts as a type of natural defense, even against a psychic as powerful as Emma Frost.
Wolverine’s mutation also consists of animal-like adaptations of his body, including pronounced, and sharp fang-like canines and three retractable claws housed within each forearm. While originally depicted as bionic implants created by the Weapon X program,the claws are later revealed to be a natural part of his body. The claws are not made of keratin, as claws tend to be in the animal kingdom, but extremely dense bone. Wolverine’s hands do not have openings for the claws to move through: they cut through his flesh every time he extrudes them, with occasional references implying that he feels a brief moment of slight pain in his hands when he unsheathes them.During a talk to Jubilee, Wolverine reveals that there are channels inside his forearms through which the claws move when he extrudes them and that he unsheathes the claws a few times a day to keep the channels open, similar to pierced ears.
Wolverine’s senses of sight, smell, and hearing are all superhumanly acute. He can see with perfect clarity at greater distances than an ordinary human, even in near-total darkness. His hearing is enhanced in a similar manner, allowing him to hear sounds ordinary humans cannot and also hear to greater distances. Wolverine is able to use his sense of smell to track targets by scent, even if the scent has been eroded somewhat over time by natural factors. This sense also allows him to identify shapeshifting mutants despite other forms they may take.He is also able to use his senses of smell and hearing, through concentration, as a type of natural lie detector, such as detecting a faint change in a person’s heartbeat and scent due to perspiration when a lie is told.
On more than one occasion, Wolverine’s entire skeleton, including his claws, has been molecularly infused with adamantium. Due to their coating, his claws can cut almost any known solid material, including most metals, wood, and some varieties of stone. The only known exceptions are adamantium itself and Captain America’s shield, which is made out of a proto-adamantium-vibranium alloy. Vibranium alone is not comparable in terms of durability with adamantium and has been broken by Colossus. Wolverine’s ability to slice completely through a substance depends upon both the amount of force he can exert and the thickness of the substance. His claws can also be used to block attacks or projectiles, as well as dig into surfaces allowing Wolverine to climb structures. The adamantium also adds weight to his blows, increasing the effectiveness of his offensive capabilities. His adamantium skeleton makes him highly susceptible to magnetic-based attacks. According to Reed Richards, Wolverine would be unable to move without his enhanced strength due to the additional weight of the adamantium bonded to his skeleton.
Wolverine’s healing factor also affects a number of his physical attributes by increasing them to superhuman levels. His stamina is sufficiently heightened to the point he can exert himself for numerous hours, even after exposure to powerful tranquilizers Wolverine’s agility and reflexes are also enhanced to levels that are beyond the physical limits of the finest human athlete. Due to his healing factor’s constant regenerative qualities, he can push his muscles beyond the limits of the human body without injury.This, coupled with the constant demand placed on his muscles by over one hundred pounds of adamantium,grants him some degree of superhuman strength.Since the presence of the adamantium negates the natural structural limits of his bones, he can lift or move weight that would otherwise damage a human skeleton. He has been depicted breaking steel chains,lifting several men above his head with one arm and throwing them through a wall, lifting Ursa Major (in grizzly bear form) over his head before tossing him across a room, and hauling a concert grand piano, and the platform it rests on, via a harness, while climbing a sheer cliff. Colossus and other allies use Wolverine’s endurance and strength when throwing him at high speed in the Fastball Special.
During and after the Return of Wolverine, Logan has showcased a mysterious new ability where the adamantium in his claws can heat up to incredibly high, yet undisclosed, level of temperatures. The mechanics of this power have yet to be revealed; whether it is a Secondary Mutation, latent Weapon X faculty making itself known or a new power gained upon his resurrection is unclear.What is extent is that it’s related to the berserker side of his persona, his Hot Claws as popularly noted being tied to Wolverines rage.This new power comes with the drawback of weakening his healing factor, however, as after using them to ward off the X-Men who came looking for him, he lost consciousness for a few weeks time afterward.
Skills and personality
The essence of (Logan’s) character (is) a “failed samurai”. To Samurai, duty is all, selfless service the path to their ultimate ambition, death with grace
During Wolverine’s time in Japan and other countries, he became proficient in many forms of martial arts, with experience in many different fighting styles. He is proficient with most weaponry, including firearms, though he is partial to bladed weapons. He has demonstrated sufficient skills to defeat expert martial artist Shang-Chi and Captain American single combat. He also has a wide knowledge of the body and pressure points.Like many of the X-Men, he is trained to pilot the group’s SR-71 Blackbird supersonic plane.He is highly skilled in the field of espionage and covert operations.[
Wolverine will sometimes lapse into a “berserker rage” while in close combat. In this state, he lashes out with the intensity and aggression of an enraged animal and is even more resistant to psionic attack. Though he loathes it, he acknowledges that it has saved his life many times, it being most notably useful when he faced the telepathic “Mister X”, as X’s ability to read his mind and predict his next move in a fight was useless as not even Wolverine knows what he will do next in his berserk state. Despite his apparent ease at taking lives, he mournfully regrets and does not enjoy killing or giving in to his berserker rages. Logan adheres to a firm code of personal honor and morality.
In contrast to his brutish nature, Wolverine is extremely knowledgeable. Due to his longer lifespan, he has traveled around the world and amassed extensive knowledge of foreign languages and cultures. He is fluent in English, Japanese, Russian, Chinese, Cheyenne, Spanish, Arabic, and Lakota, and Blackfoot; he also has some knowledge of French, Filipino, Thai, Vietnamese, Italian, Korean, Hindi, Tibetan, Telugu, Persian, German,and Portuguese. When Forge monitors Wolverine’s vital signs during a Danger Room training session, he calls Logan’s physical and mental state “equivalent of an Olympic-level gymnast performing a gold medal routine while simultaneously beating four chess computers in his head.” Much to Professor Xavier’s disapproval, Wolverine is also a heavy drinker and smoker; his healing powers negate the long-term effects of alcohol and tobacco and allow him to indulge in prolonged binges.
Queen U.S. Marine Corps
A Marine who whose latent mutant abilities were activated by military experimentation. She was a military prisoner for many years before surfacing during Avengers Disassembled.
In the early days of World War II, Adriana “Ana” Soria joined the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. Fearing that America was not powerful enough to contain Japanese and Soviet ambitions, efforts were made late in the war to resume the Super-Soldier experiments that had produced Captain America. Genetically likely candidates were selected from among U.S. ranks and drafted into a special unit of the U.S. Marines Corps as part of Operation Crossroads. Soria subsequently became the first female marine to go into combat.
At one point, Soria’s unit was lined up along the Bikini Atoll to absorb the radiation of ongoing nuclear weapons tests in the hopes it would activate any latent abilities they might possess. None of the subjects were properly informed of this before the experiment began. Most subjects soon perished from radiation poisoning, while the stress on Ana’s metabolism drove her insane. Soria’s abilities did not surface immediately, and the experiment was ruled a failure. She spent several years in an asylum before breaking out and going underground in the 1950s. In 1954, she kidnapped professor David Jaffe, the scientist in charge of Operation Crossroads.
She appeared in New York City, calling herself “The Queen” and in full command of her abilities. She occupied a Manhattan high rise as her “hive,” where she surrounded herself with human drones. Captain America and Spider-Man investigated. Spider-Man had the insect gene, and could not resist Soria’s control. Soria selected Spider-Man as her mate and infected him with a mutagenic enzyme through her kiss. Soria forced several of her drones to jump to their deaths in an effort to break Spider-Man’s will, and S.H.I.E.L.D. launched an unsuccessful attack before Captain America caused Soria to fall from the building.
The Queen survived, and gathered a new army of drones and built an underground laboratory in Manhattan’s subway system. Meanwhile, the mutagenic enzyme gradually gave Spider-Man the form of a real spider, with four eyes, eight limbs, and fangs. Professor Jaffe was put to work building a bomb that would disrupt human cognitive processes, similar to one developed by the United States during the Cold War. The bomb would spare most lifeforms, including insects, but kill humans lacking the insect gene. When the bomb was ready, Soria issued a warning: evacuate everyone within a 600 miles radius.
Spider-Man was instinctively drawn to the Queen, who subdued him and held him captive while he completed his transformation into a giant spider. The spider had been engineered to give birth to her offspring but died due to complications arising from the rapid metamorphosis.
In a fit of rage, Ana destroyed the laboratory with her telekinetic powers and ordered her drones to activate the bomb. Ana left before she could see the spider’s husk split open, revealing a reborn Peter Parker. Parker was, for the most part, unchanged but seemed to gain additional spider-like characteristics. Spider-Man managed to disarm the bomb, and Ana seems to have been killed in an unrelated explosion when SHIELD attacked her subterranean base.
It was stated that one-third of the world’s human population still carries the vestigial “insect gene”, and Ana is the only known mutant of this subspecies, the Homo Insectus. Ana’s powers were latent until they were activated by exposure of nuclear radiation.Spider-Island reveals that her powers are connected to the Web of Life and Destiny.
Superhuman Strength: Soria can lift about 1 ton.
Telepathy: Soria can communicate with her drones over long distances through telepathy. She utilizes her telepathy to also control the minds of insects and humans with the insect genes.
Insect Manipulation:Soria can command insects, as well as humans who have the “insect gene” and those infected with the Spider-Virus. She can control them telepathically via their minds or simply telekinetically control their motor functions. Drones remain aware of their surroundings, but only particularly strong-willed individuals, such as Spider-Man, can mount any resistance to her commands.
Telekinesis: Soria can psionically manipulate mass in space, i.e. raise, move, or interrupt the movement of animate and inanimate objects. She utilizes her telekinesis to control the motor functions of any insect or humans who have the insect gene.
Mutagenic Enzyme: Soria’s saliva contains a mutagenic compound,which gives spider-powers to those exposed to it, connecting them to the Web of Life and Destiny, and eventually transforming them into anthropomorphic spider-monsters. This enzyme is at least partially mystical in nature since it appears to have unique effects on those who already possess the insect gene and/or are connected to the Web of Life. Mutating people into “Homo arachnus” amplified Adriana’s own connection to the Web, boosting her powers and enabling her transformation into a monstrous form.
Spider-Man was transformed into a giant spider, then molted into a human form with enhanced abilities and organic spinnerets.Cell samples from the husk left behind were used in the creation of the Jackal’s “Spider-Flu”, and granted most of the populace of New York powers identical to Spider-Man’s before turning them into spider monsters.
Anya Corazon acquired spider powers identical to Spider-Man’s enhanced ones as a result of exposure to the Spider-Flu and retained them even after exposure to the antidote.
Sonic Scream: Soria can emit a dangerous blast of sound.
Shape-Shifting: Soria was also able to turn herself in a monstrous spider-like creature.The power of this creature depended upon the number of arachnids she had to feed off of through the Web of Life.
In her spider-form, she was stated to be an Omega-Level Threat by airman Phillips (Captain America’s pilot) and by Cap himself soon after.
She was stated to possess countless others superhuman abilities.
Soria has military training and is adept in several forms of armed and unarmed combat.
Moon Knight U.S. Marine Corps
West Coast Avengers
Heroes for Hire
United States Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance
Fist of Khonshu
Proficient in martial arts and armed combat
Utilizes high-tech equipment
Increased strength, speed, and endurance depending on the lunar cycle
Born in Chicago, Illinois, Marc Spector is a Jewish-American rabbi’s wayward son. As an adult, Spector had been a heavyweight boxer before becoming a U.S. Marine serving in Force Recon, afterward, he left the Marines to become a mercenary occasionally doing work for the CIA. As a mercenary he befriends the French pilot Jean-Paul DuChamp, whom he affectionately calls “Frenchie”. While working for the African mercenary Raoul Bushman in Egypt, the group stumbles upon an archaeological dig whose crew includes Dr. Peter Alraune and his daughter Marlene Alraune. The dig had uncovered an ancient temple where artifacts included a statue of the Egyptian moon god Khonshu. Intent on looting the dig, Bushman kills Dr. Alraune. In response to Alraune’s murder, Spector challenges Bushman to personal combat and is defeated by Bushman and left to die in the sub-zero temperatures of the desert night. The Egyptians who worship the ancient gods find Spector and carry him to their temple. Helpless before the statue of Khonshu, Spector’s heart stops. Khonshu appears to him in a vision, offering Spector a second chance at life if he becomes the god’s avatar on Earth. Spector awakens, wraps himself in the silver shroud that covers Khonshu’s statue, and again confronts Bushman. He defeats Bushman and returns to America with Marlene, Frenchie, and the statue of Khonshu. Deciding to become a crimefighter, Spector creates a silver cloaked costume, based on the silver shroud, and becomes Moon Knight aka “The Fist of Khonshu”.
After his return to the United States, Spector invests the money that he had accumulated as a mercenary and develops a small fortune. To distance himself from his mercenary past, he creates the identity of millionaire entrepreneur Steven Grant, using this identity to purchase a spacious estate. To remain in contact with the street and criminal element, he also creates the identity of taxicab driver Jake Lockley and has acquired civilian allies such as Bertrand Crawley, Gena Landers, and her son
Marc Spector aka Moon Knight was a Jewish American former US Marine turned C.I.A. agent.After leaving both organizations in disgrace he became a soldier of fortune. He was left for dead in the desert, on a mercenary mission in Egypt, where an idol of the Egyptian moon god; Khonshu, saved him and gave him his moon-based powers. Returning to the US with a newfound lease on life he took up multiple identities such as “Steven Grant”, and “Jake Lockley” to fight crime which, when alongside childhood trauma, also caused him to lapse back into Dissociative Identity Disorder.
Marc Spector was born in the United States, the son of a rabbi who as a child had managed to escape Nazi prosecution after Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia. Marc grew up on the poor side of Chicago, where his father Elias was the target of discrimination; Marc couldn’t understand why his father would never fight back against persecution.
During the last years of his childhood, Marc discovered by chance that a close friend of his family, Rabbi Yitz Perlman, was in reality a Nazi deserter and secretly a serial killer of Jews named Ernst. Marc’s fighting instinct kicked off for the first time when he fended off against Perlman to escape his grasp. Perlman later disappeared without a trace. This traumatic event also caused Marc to develop a dissociative identity disorder. The first personalities developed by Marc were Steven Grant and Jake Lockley. Shortly before Elias decided to intern Marc at the Putnam Psychiatric Hospital, Marc was approached for the first time by the Egyptian deity Khonshu, claiming to be Marc’s true progenitor.Marc was allowed to leave temporarily to sit shiva after Elias’ death, but ran away after attending his funeral, enthralled by Khonshu’s voice
Marc enlisted in the Marines and served for three years. On his second tour in Iraq, his superiors caught notice of Marc’s bizarre behavior. After his past was dug up, Marc was dishonorably discharged.He later joined the CIA, and worked with several people who would later interact with Moon Knight, including William Cross, Amos Lardner, and his own brother, Randall Spector. Randall killed Spector’s girlfriend Lisa with a hatchet to keep her from exposing a gun-running scheme; Spector retaliated with a grenade and assumed Randall was dead.Once he left the CIA, Spector enrolled in illegal fights, where he befriended “Frenchie” Duchamp and both became soldiers-for-hire. They took on several assignments, mainly in Africa and South America. Spector later went to trial for assassinating the president of Bosqueverde, a South American country
Moon Knight can be best characterized by his relationship with Khonshu, and whether that is derived from his own mental illness or from actual divine inspiration. When Marc Spector first awakened at the foot of Khonshu’s statue, it was ambiguous whether his survival was truly Khonshu’s doing or if Spector merely attributed it to the Moon God. Later stories introduced Khonshu as an undeniably real god, employing Moon Knight as his agent. Subsequent takes on Moon Knight would attempt to “walk back” the revelation that Khonshu was real, once again questioning whether the drive to be “the moon’s knight of vengeance” was all in Spector’s head
Presently, it seems as if Marc Spector is both mentally ill and an agent of a higher power. Khonshu does exist, and has chosen Marc as his avatar, but Marc’s mental illness sometimes causes him to experience conversations with a Khonshu that is only in his mind, not with the actual god. There are also discrepancies over whether Marc Spector was already schizophrenic or dissociative from an early age (making him a convenient host for Khonshu) or if Khonshu imposed this mental condition upon Marc. Khonshu is a god of multiple facets, and Marc Spector has taken on multiple identities in the past in order to properly represent all aspects of his god. This includes his original alter egos of Steven Grant, Jake Lockley, and Moon Knight, the representations of Captain America, Wolverine, and Spider-Man communicating with him, or his recent set of identities and attire like Mr. Knight.
The ongoing ambiguity of Moon Knight’s mental situation is a key element in his character.
Unlike most superheroes, Moon Knight is willing to brutally hurt and maim his opponents, and sometimes has even killed his enemies, as is seen by his ripping the face off Raul Bushman, or carving crescents on his victims’ foreheads.
As a testament to the human brain, Moon Knight’s state of mind has always caused his “Powers and Abilities from Khonshu” to come into question, as he himself, at times, is not a reliable source. It’s been stated that he may suffer from a madness so powerful it can only be described as magic.
Over the course of his life as a boxer, U.S. Marine, mercenary, and costumed superhero, Marc Spector has become an expert at hand-to-hand combat techniques and various martial arts. He is an Olympic-level athlete and a skilled acrobat and gymnast, and excels as a combat strategist.
Expert Pilot: He is an excellent pilot and aviator due to his years as a U.S. Marine and a mercenary.
Expert Detective: Spector is a good detective/private investigator with broad skills, knowledge and understanding of the criminal underworld. He also knows many of the streets of New York very well due to being a cab driver in the alias of Jake Lockley
Interrogation Expert: He is an expert at interrogation often employing military secret police methods of torture
Master Marksman: He is capable of hurling all types of projectiles with great aim and pin point accuracy as well as an excellent sharpshooter/marksman. He is able to slice a bullet in half with a crescent disc.
Weapons Master: Spector is adept with nearly every weapon ever invented ranging from many types swords, combat knives, batons, chains, brass knuckles, thrown projectiles such as shuriken, longbows, bolos, boomerangs to use of all types of firearms such as pistols, sniper rifles, automatic assault rifles, submachine guns, machine guns, grenade launchers, anti-tank bazooka, and even electronic remote firing stations such as 20/30mm anti-aircraft full auto chain guns, Gatling cannons, mechanized mortars, missile launchers etc.
Master Martial Artist: Spector is a former heavyweight boxing champion who underwent intense training as a commando, intelligence operative and mercenary. He is skilled in armed and unarmed combat with training in Boxing, Judo, Krav Maga, Silat, Dambe, Savate, Escrima, Karate, Muay Thai and Kung Fu; his knowledge is extensive enough that it has been shown that he can use pressure points against his opponents, striking nerve clusters to stun or even instantly incapacitate. On more than one occasion without powers he has fought the Punisher to a stand still.
Multilingual: In addition to English, Spector is fluent in Arabic and has demonstrated his proficiency in both the Egyptian and Sudanese dialects of it.
Pain Resistance: Insanity, torture, spiritually gifted, or simply numb from all the years of damage to his body, Moon Knight has an incredibly strong threshold for pain.
Telepathic Resistance: Spector’s multiple personalities give him some protection against certain psychic powers such as possession or mental control.
Currently, Spector has the strength of a normal human male of his age, height, and build who engages in intensive regular exercise. He could formerly press lift twice his bodyweight; 450 lbs, but since losing his powers he has been routinely weightlifting and is likely stronger. According to the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #9, at his strongest, under the light of the full moon, he can lift about 2 tons.
Brain damage/mental illness: While it was initially believed Marc suffered from dissociative identity disorder, it was determined that the different personas he has developed throughout his life are a consequence of having become Khonshu’s avatar. Khonshu is said to have four aspects; Pathfinder, Embracer, Defender, and the Watcher of overnight travelers. Spector cycles through these aspects, and his brain applies identities to them in order to explain them. In essence, Marc’s mind has been “colonized” by Khonshu, and the different personalities Marc displays are a way to cope with the damage. Despite this, Marc has also been shown to have experienced dissociative episodes from a young age
Comedian (Edward Morgan Blake)
Edward Morgan Blake
United States government
Edward Morgan “Eddie” Blake, the violent, anarchistic vigilante known as The Comedian, had the longest crime-fighting career out of all the costumed vigilantes in his world. He fought as a hero in the Vietnam War, was a member of the Minutemen and the Crimebusters, and acted as both a hero and a villain before being killed by Ozymandias and Doctor Manhattan in 1985.Little is known about Eddie Blake’s early life. He was born in 1924, and it was speculated that he had abusive parents. At just sixteen years old, he adopted a yellow and purple costume, and began running savagely beating criminals, and sometimes their victims, using the moniker of the Comedian.
When Edward Blake became the Comedian in 1940, he was considered the most brutal hero, having no care for humanity. Taking the fight to the streets in his Yellow and purple costume The Comedian became a great hero in the fight against the underworld crime lords. While many saw the Comedian as a sociopath he saw himself as a “patriot”.
He joined the Minute-Men and on the day of their announcement, he attempted to rape the first Silk Spectre but was soon stopped by Hooded Justice, who broke his nose. Laughing, The Comedian asked if this is what the Hooded Justice was into, beating on people and causing them pain. Everything was almost a joke to him, he never even took the attempted rape seriously. The rape was covered up and the Minute-Men continued, but all his team mates, especially Nite Owl, grew to resent his presence on the team as they realised he was just as evil as the criminals they fought. Some time later Blake would be voted out of the group and he went about joining the military Some years later, Blake and the Silk Spectre were involved in a sexual relationship. The original Spectre said Blake had changed, but yet she still pulled away from him, when she discovered she was pregnant with his child and married into a normal life. He is the father of the second Silk Spectre, who Blake would meet when the Watchmen tried to form, After mocking them and explaining that they would never solve the worlds problems, he was met outside by the second Silk Spectre who shared a smoke with him, only to be interrupted by her mother who tears her away from the man and ask what type of monster he was, his reply was slow and gave a hint to who he really was to the girl.
The Comedian served during World War II in the Pacific Theater. He became a covert government operative in the 1960’s and it was during that time Blake was invited to join the superhero team known as The Crimebusters, whom he turned down on grounds that their methods were obsolete. It was shown in Before Watchmen that the Comedian was friends with both John and Robert Kennedy and held high respect for them and was involved in killing Marilyn Monroe in order to protect the president. Later however, after they parted ways and Senator Kennedy wanted to go public with a massacre that Blake committed in Vietnam he helped with the assassination of Robert Kennedy.
After the passing of the mask-banning Keene Act in the 1970’s, the Comedian continued his government employment along with Dr. Manhattan. The two of them and Ozymandias being the only publicly recognized and accepted superheroes.
Eddie somehow discovered Ozymandias’ secret plan to attack New York City, and was horrified by the machinations, yet he remained silent about it. In October of 1985, he visited Edgar Jacobi, his former arch-enemy “Moloch”, while he was drunk. Sobbing, he told him that everything in life was a joke, yet he could not understand the one that he saw on the island, before departing in an inebriated stupor. A few days later, Veidt kicked in the door of Blake’s apartment; beat him senseless and threw him from the window to his death.
Powers and Abilities
Peak Human Condition: Even at an advanced age, the Comedian stood 6’2″ and weighed 225 pounds, leading police officers to say he was built like a linebacker, as well as saying he was in terrific shape. He could trade blows with Ozymandias, and even punch through the walls of his apartment.
Hand-to-Hand Combat (Advanced): The Comedian was a skilled hand-to-hand combatant in excellent physical condition, even at the time of his death at the age of 61. He is one of the few people to have beaten Ozymandias in a fight, but his skills diminished with age which lead to his defeat and ultimate demise.He was also a skilled knife-wielder and knife-thrower.
Firearms The Comedian was highly skilled in the use of firearms, particularly with pistols, rifles, and shotguns.
Benjamin Jacob Grimm
Place of origin
New York City
West Coast Avengers
Yancy Street Gang
Guardians of the Galaxy
Blackbeard the Pirate, Angrir: Breaker of Souls, Dr. Josiah Verpoorteen, El Morrito
Skilled street fighter and hand to hand combatant
Superhuman strength, stamina and durability
This portion of his own life is modeled on that of Jack Kirby, who grew up on tough Delancey Street, whose brother died when he was young, whose father was named Benjamin, and who was named Jacob at birth.
Orphan Benjamin J. Grimm grew up on the sordid sidewalks of New York’s Yancy Street and grew up to be a gruff but kind hearted young man whose only escape lay in a college football scholarship. While attending Empire State he earned the eternal friendship of genius Reed Richards and promised to pilot the starship Richards intended to design and build. Grimm took on military service after college to fulfill his dream of becoming a flyboy and gained experience in the astronaut program that would serve him well in his future.
Following the death of his parents, Ben was raised by his Uncle Jake (who had married a much younger wife, Petunia, who would become a frequent reference used by the character until her death).He comes to lead the Yancy Street gang at one point.
Excelling in football as a high school student, Ben received a full scholarship to Empire State University, where he first met his eventual lifelong friend in a teenaged genius named Reed Richards, as well as future enemy Victor von Doom.Despite their being from radically different backgrounds, science student Richards described to Grimm his dream of building a space rocket to explore the regions of space around Mars; Grimm jokingly agreed to fly that rocket when the day came.
The details of his life story have been modified over the decades. Prior to the stories published in the 1970s, Grimm, after earning multiple advanced degrees in engineering, served in the United States Marine Corps as a test pilot during World War II.These exploits are chronicled to a limited extent in Captain Savage and his Leatherneck Raiders #7. While in the military, Nick Fury sends him, Logan and Carol Danvers on a top secret surveillance mission into Vladivostok.Following this, he becomes an astronaut for NASA,taking part in attempts to reach the Moon, occurring at a time before any manned space ship had escaped Earth’s orbit.
The Thing’s primary superhuman power is his great physical strength. Over the years, as a result of further mutation and rigorous training on machines designed by Reed Richards, his strength has increased dramatically.
He is capable of surviving impacts of great force without sustaining injury, as his body is covered with an orange, flexible, rock-like hide. He is also able to withstand gunfire from high-caliber weapons as well as armor-piercing rounds. It is possible to breach his exterior, however, and he does bleed as a result. One such instance involved Wolverine’s adamantium claws scarring The Thing’s face.
The Thing’s highly advanced musculature generates fewer fatigue toxins during physical activity, granting him superhuman levels of stamina. When in his Thing form, he has only four fingers on each hand. The loss of one digit on each hand, and the increase in volume of the remainder, does not affect his manual dexterity. However, he has been shown doing things like holding a pencil and using it to dial a phone (even with rotary dials), or to push buttons on a keypad, to use devices that would ordinarily be too small for him.
Aside from his physical attributes, the Thing’s senses can withstand higher levels of sensory stimulation than an ordinary human, with the exception of his sense of touch. His lungs are possessed of greater efficiency and volume than those of an ordinary human. As a result, the Thing is capable of holding his breath for much longer periods of time.[
The Thing is an exceptionally skilled pilot, due to his time spent as a test pilot in the United States Marine Corps and as a founding member of the Fantastic Four. He is also a formidable and relentless hand-to-hand combatant. His fighting style incorporates elements of boxing,wrestling, judo, jujitsu, and street-fighting techniques, as well as hand-to-hand combat training from the military.
On occasion, when Ben Grimm regained his human form and lost his Thing powers, he used a suit of powered battle armor designed by Reed Richards that simulated the strength and durability of his mutated body, albeit to a weaker degree. Wearing the suit, which was designed to physically resemble his rocky form, Ben continued to participate in the Fantastic Four’s adventures. The first exo-skeletal Thing suit was destroyed after Galactus restored Ben’s natural powers and form. A second suit was built (presumably by Richards) and used sporadically when Ben had been returned to his human form again.
It has been revealed — after Franklin and Valeria created a formula that allows Ben to become human for one week each year — that Ben is almost immortal when in his Thing form, as he only ages when he is human. Reed and Nathaniel traveled over 3,000 years into the future to see Ben still alive after all that time.
James And Brian Falsworth
-Lord James Falsworth
Freedom’s Five (Brian)
The Mighty Destroyer
Superb athlete, expert hand-to-hand combatant, espionage training, skilled in the use of a dagger and a handgun (Brian)
Enhanced peak human condition, superb athlete, expert hand-to-hand combatant, ability to project bolts of magical lightning
James Montgomery Falsworth
A peer of the realm as Lord Falsworth, James Montgomery Falsworth is first active as the adventurer and British government operative Union Jack during World War I. During his adventures as a member of Freedom’s Five, he encounters the mysterious Baron Blood, a vampire saboteur for the Germans. After the war, Lord Falsworth retires to his ancestral home in England to raise a family.
He is active again as Union Jack during World War II. He becomes a member of the Invaders after the original Human Torch saves his daughter — Jacqueline Falsworth — from Baron Blood. Jacqueline is revived by a blood transfusion from the Human Torch which grants her the power of super-speed. As a result, she becomes the costumed hero Spitfire (a title she still holds in the 21st Century). After the attack, Lord Falsworth offers up his mansion as the Invaders’ base of operations. After Baron Blood’s attack on Jacqueline, James discovers the vampire is actually his brother, John. During a battle, Blood crushes Union Jack’s legs under a boulder, effectively ending his career as a hero. Before the battle ends, James is able to impale Blood on a silver-veined stalagmite.Soon after, he quits the Invaders.
Although unable to use his legs, James later travels with Spitfire and Dyna-Mite, parachuting into Nazi Germany. There they meet up with James’ son, Brian, whom they were searching for. Falsworth and Dyna-Mite were captured by the Nazis, but are then rescued by Brian. Originally thinking his son a traitor, James learns that Brian fights against the Nazis as the costumed hero, the Destroyer. As a result, the two reconcile their differences and James passes the mantle of Union Jack on to Brian, at which point Brian abandons his Destroyer identity. However, the father outlives the son when Brian is killed in an automobile accident in 1953.
Years later, James Montgomery Falsworth contacts Captain America to combat Baron Blood. Falsworth finally sees the end of Baron Blood with the help of Captain America and the third incarnation of Union Jack (Joey Chapman). After this episode, James Montgomery Falsworth passes away from heart failure due to old age.
Brian Falsworth is the son of James Montgomery Falsworth, born like his father in Falsworth Manor in a village north of London. Initially, Brian and his friend Roger are sympathetic toward Germany and supportive of peace between it and the United Kingdom. Toward the end of the 1930s, the pair go into Germany, but quickly discover the evil nature of the Nazi regime. Brian is thrown in prison, and Roger is given to German scientists.
Brian gains superpowers through the help of a dying German scientist who tried to recreate the Super Soldier Formula that resulted in Captain America. Brian escapes prison and becomes a costumed Nazi-fighter within Germany, calling himself the Destroyer.]Meanwhile, Roger is used for experiments; he is brainwashed and his body reduced in size. Standing one foot tall but with the strength of a full-sized man, he is given the name Dyna-Mite. With his memory gone, the Nazis unleash Dyna-Mite against the Allies, in a plot which involves the Crusaders.
In the wake of the foiled attack, Lord Falsworth and Spitfire deduce Dyna-Mite’s identity and sneak into Germany to look for Brian. Ultimately, they find out the truth behind Dyna-Mite, and Roger’s memory is restored. Brian, reuniting with his family and reconciling with his father, learns of his father’s former costumed identity as Union Jack, dons the costume and battles Nazi soldiers and Master Man alongside Captain America. Brian subsequently adopts the Union Jack identity as an adventurer and British government operative in place of his disabled father, joining the Invaders.Roger, in turn, takes on the mantle of the Destroyer after his normal size is restored.
Later, Brian is hit by magical lightning when fighting Thor disguised as Joseph Stalin, whom Thor was tricked by Hitler into assassinating, and gains the ability to shoot electricity from his fingertips. Following the war, Brain remains active as Union Jack,and is instrumental in founding the V-Battalion alongside Roger Aubrey, who was revealed to be his lover,and other heroes of the era. car crash on a British road in 1953 abruptly ended Brian Falsworth’s career and his life.
In the 2008 limited series Avengers/Invaders, he is part of the World War II-era Invaders. His teammates are lost in time and battle the Avengers.In varying timestreams, Union Jack perishes again and again.
Jonathan Lowell Spencer “Johnny” Storm
Place of origin
Glenville, New York
Herald of Galactus
Fantastic Four Incorporated
Avengers Unity Division
Fiery form that enables flight, serves as damage shield
Heat energy absorption
Resistance to extreme heat
Jonathan “Johnny” Storm aka the Human Torch was an American superpowered adventurer. He was a high school student before he was exposed to high levels of cosmic radiation when older sister Sue Storm’s boyfriend and scientist; Dr. Reed Richards took them and pilot Ben Grimm, into space in the stolen rocket; Marvel-1. The radiation mutated him and his friends, turning his entire body into a fiery, plasma-like state. Together they became the Fantastic Four, a team of adventurers who explored space, time and alternate dimensions and saved the world along the way from science-based threats.
Growing up in Glenville, New York, a fictional Long Island suburban town, Johnny Storm lost his mother due to a car accident from which his father, surgeon Franklin Storm, escaped unharmed.Franklin Storm spiraled into alcoholism and financial ruin, and was imprisoned after killing a loan shark in self-defense. Johnny Storm was then raised by his older sister, Sue Storm.
At 16, Storm joined his sister and her fiancé, Reed Richards, in a space flight in which cosmic radiation transformed those three and spacecraft pilot Ben Grimm into superpowered beings who would become the celebrated superhero team the Fantastic Four. Storm, with the ability to become a flaming human with the power of flight and the ability to project fire, dubs himself the Human Torch, in tribute to the World War II-era hero of that name.
After graduating high school, Storm enrolled at New York City’s Metro College. There he befriended his roommate Wyatt Wingfoot.He also met this time, Storm met and fell in love with Crystal, a member of the superpowered race the Inhumans.After their relationship ended, Crystal returned to her native city of Attilan and eventually married the superhero Quicksilver,Storm, crushed, attempted to move on, finding that his high-school girlfriend, Dorrie Evans, had married and had two children.. Storm dropped out of college but remained friends with Wingfoot, who often participated in the Fantastic Four’s adventures.
Storm eventually began a romance with who he thought was Alicia Masters but was eventually revealed to be an alien from the shapeshifting Skrull race, Lyja, posing as Masters. In the interim, they married.Storm later discovers “Alicia’s” true identity, and that Lyja is pregnant with his child. He then witnessed Lyja’s apparent death and rescued the real Alicia from the Skrulls.
Storm briefly joined his nephew Franklin Richards’ Fantastic Force team, where he battled his other dimensional counterpart, Vangaard (formerly Gaard). Lyja posed as student Laura Green and dated Storm to stay close to him; Storm recognized her when they kissed, though he did not reveal this to her until later.
Johnny Storm gained a number of superhuman powers as a result of the mutagenic effects of the cosmic radiation he was exposed to, all of which are related to fire. His primary ability to envelop his body in fiery plasma without harm to himself, in which form he is able to fly by providing thrust behind himself with his own flame, and to generate powerful streams and/or balls of flame. He can also manipulate his flame in such a way as to shape it into rings and other forms. Even when not engulfed in flame himself, Storm has the ability to control any fire within his immediate range of vision, causing it to increase or decrease in intensity or to move in a pattern directed by his thoughts. Additionally, he is able to absorb fire/plasma into his body with no detrimental effects.
The plasma field immediately surrounding his body is hot enough to vaporize projectiles that approach him, including bullets. He does not generally extend this flame-aura beyond a few inches from his skin, so as not to ignite nearby objects. Storm refers to his maximum flame output as his “nova flame”, which he can release omnidirectionally. Flame of any temperature lower than this cannot burn or harm the Torch. This “nova” effect can occur spontaneously when he absorbs an excessive amount of heat, although he can momentarily suppress the release when necessary, with considerable effort.
Storm has demonstrated enough control with fire that he can safely shave another’s hair, or hold a person while in his flame form without his passenger feeling discomforting heat. His knowledge extends to general information about fire as well, supported by regular visits to fire-safety lectures at various firehouses in New York. In one instance when poisoned, Storm superheated his blood to burn the toxin out.
Storm’s ability to ignite himself is limited by the quantity of oxygen in his environment, and his personal flame has been extinguished by sufficient quantities of water, flame retardant foam, and vacuum environments. He can reignite instantly once oxygen is returned, with no ill effects. In early stories he could only remain aflame for up to five minutes at a time, after which he would need five minutes to recharge before igniting himself again.
Storm was depicted as transmuting his body itself into living flame in the first two issues of The Fantastic Four. In all subsequent appearances, his power consists in the generation of a flaming aura.
Expert Mechanic: An expert mechanic since his teens, Johnny was able to totally overhaul a car’s transmission by the age of 15. His design and mechanical acumen went into the creation of the Fantasticar Model-2
Johnny also has experience as a professional race car driver.
The Human Torch possesses the normal human strength of a man of his age, height, and build who engages in moderate regular exercise.
Energy Depletion: At an average rate of expenditure of energy, the Torch can maintain his plasma state for about 16.8 hours before he is forced to revert to his solid state.
Physical Condition: The Human Torch’s physical condition (health, injury or exhaustion) also limits his flame’s duration.
Fire Extinguishing: The Human Torch’s flame is supported by the presence of oxygen, and thus is extinguished in low air pressure or a vacuum. The Torch’s flame can be extinguished by smothering materials, such as water, sand, fire-fighting foam, and heat-resistant blankets, unless his flame is at such an intensity that it immediately vaporizes such materials on contact. If hit with small amounts of water, up to about five gallons, the Torch can turn it to steam with relatively little effort. More water than that could extinguish his flame at its normal level, and he would have to wait until he could evaporate the residual moisture before re-ignition.
Fantastic Four Power Synergism: The original members of the Fantastic Four are tethered to each other, and act as as their own conduits of power. They can be apart within their own universe and retain a connection, but prolonged periods cut off from each other in other universes result in a gradual decline in power levels. If they spend too much time separated this way, they would eventually become powerless.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: After being painfully killed and resurrected for over two years by Annihilus,Johnny was still haunted by the memories of those events
She is blinded by her greed and selfishness, willing to hurt others to get what she wants. You can’t help but root for Roger, Anita, Pongo, Perdita, and the other 99 Dalmatians every time she arrives. She embodies all of the bad things that could corrupt each and every one of us.
Why does Cruella De Vil hate dogs?
In the live-action Disney film, it is revealed that the reason Cruella chooses to skin puppies is that when short-haired dogs grow older, their fur becomes very coarse, which does not sell as well in the fur fashion industry as the fine, soft fur of puppies.
Set in 1970s in London during the punk rock movement, the film follows Estella de Vil, an aspiring fashion designer, and explores the path that will lead her to become a notorious criminal known as Cruella de Vil.
Emma Stone as Estella “Cruella” de Vil: An ambitious and aspiring fashion designer, who will go on to become a notorious and dangerous criminal obsessed with Dalmatian furs.
Tipper Seifert-Cleveland as young Estella de Vil
Emma Thompson as Baroness von Hellman: The head of a prestigious fashion house and a renowned haute fashion legend, who is Estella’s boss and her eventual rival, who plays a role in Estella’s transformation.
Joel Fry as Jasper Badun: A thief hired by Estella to help her in her crimes and Horace’s brother.
Paul Walter Hauser as Horace Badun: A thief hired by Estella to help her in her crimes and Jasper’s brother.
Emily Beecham as Catherine de Vil: Estella’s mother, an impoverished laundry woman.
Kirby Howell-Baptiste as Anita Darling: Estella’s childhood friend, who is working as a journalist.
Mark Strong as John: The Baroness’ valet whose “agenda is not as plain as his name”.
Cruella is not a schemer nor does she have any powers. Instead, she acts purely on impulse and is thus prone to reckless behavior, particularly tearing through the snowy landscape in her car. Unlike future versions of the character, this version of Cruella was seemingly invincible in the eyes of the Dalmatians, who, though they could just about be able to keep Jasper and Horace Badun at bay, were unable to face “that devil woman”. Their only hope was therefore to flee; Cruella’s defeat in the film is brought about not through the deeds of the animals, but her own stubborn relentlessness (which, by the end of the film, has seemingly degenerated into a mad fury) and the incompetence of her henchmen.
Cruella is known to be mean and rude, frequently barging into other people’s homes unannounced and openly disrespecting others. She adores attention, but looks down on others, showing no sympathy or concern for anyone’s well-being.
She is also greedy and selfish, and adores high fashion and art. Her interest in fashion revolves around furs from animals, particularly fur coats, as she is always seen wearing one. As a result, Cruella often seeks animals to help her with making coats. Upon learning that Perdita has had puppies, Cruella attempted to buy them from Roger, showing no concern for the puppies themselves, having already purchased 84 puppies legally. The reason for her obsession is because the spots will make her fur coats more popular, meaning she’ll get more money. Her interest in spots runs so deep she turned to Lars after seeing his painting of spots, as a way to substitute her obsession.
Cruella is known to be short-tempered. She gets annoyed with Jasper and Horace’s foolishness, and throws a tantrum when things don’t go her way. Her anger seems to be a problem, as it makes her reckless and impulsive, as she drove her car recklessly after the Dalmatians but ended up crashing her car into a ravine. She may also be bipolar, as she is prone to psychotic fits, her reckless driving being a prime example. This happened again when she tried to capture the puppies in London, only to end up in an institution. However, she did seem to be a slightly reasonable woman, as she attempted twice to convince Anita to sell Cruella her puppies, only choosing to steal them when it became clear it was the only way for her to get the puppies.
Cruella de Vil
Unnamed father (deceased) Malevola de Vil (101 Dalmatians: The Series) Hunter de Vil (great-nephew) (101 Dalmatian Street)
Unnamed husband (in novel and in 1996 BBC Audio production) Mr. Feinberg (husband, Once Upon A Time)
Carlos de Vil (Descendants)
Carlos is treated badly by his mother and sleeps in her dressing room on the floor, without touching her furs. He is forced to look after and clean her furs, and it is also revealed that she loves her furs more than him, and refers to her car as “her baby.”
Since he never had anyone to play with, and everyone ignored and bullied him, Carlos never received what he longed to have: love. Cruella tortured him with chores and the thought of dogs, while Mal and Jay bullied him into holding a party. Reza, his rival in school, takes a vial out of the lab, and Carlos himself admits that Reza hates him. In the book, Carlos seems to be the one everyone beats up, as he tells Evie he is beat up in “games.” At Evie’s 6th birthday party, Carlos is given a cat named Beelzebub, a kitten from Lucifer’s litter. Thanks to “Bee,” Carlos was given affection and love, and was able to push through many hard times that were yet to come over the course of the years. Years later, Carlos rescues Evie from his mother’s closet and helps her escape the bear traps. As a result, the two begin to bond together and grow closer throughout the course of the books. Evie tries to cheer Carlos up about his bedroom, but Carlos objects, saying his mother keeps him away from her furs. When Evie offers to give him an old comforter, Carlos didn’t believe that a Villain Kid would offer such a thing; Evie herself felt awkward, and didn’t know what to say. Carlos tells her that “no one’s ever cared whether I’m warm or not.” Having never had any form of comfort, Carlos asks if she has a pillow, regrets asking, and then tries to cover it up by claiming he has had one before. Even as both felt extremely awkward and uncomfortable, both felt something different inside, and we are given a glimpse that VK’s can feel different emotions.
With other things that are not related to his house, Carlos is incredibly smart and enjoys science and creating inventions, and refers to himself as a nerd. He has a tree-house where he keeps his inventions and chemicals, as he fears his mother will create hair products. He also has Jace and Harry, the sons of Jasper and Horace, as his “minions”, though they are not truly his friends since Cruella forces them to hang out together. He gets beaten up and pushed around in school. Carlos was also the one responsible for making a hole in the dome briefly when he was testing his invention, which would cause Maleficent’s staff to gain its magic back as a result. It also lets him watch Disney Channel sitcoms like Dog with a Blog, Liv and Maddie, and Mighty Med while the dome is open. After Mal and Jay force Evie to help them retrieve it, she also convinces Carlos to reluctantly join the quest. Though the group fail when the staff is unable to retain any magic, Carlos is finally accepted by Mal and Jay, beginning the four’s friendship.
Cruella De Vil, Cruella De Vil If she doesn’t scare you, no evil thing will To see her is to take a sudden chill Cruella, Cruella She’s like a spider waiting for the kill Look out for Cruella De Vil
At first you think Cruella is a devil But after time has worn away the shock You come to realize You’ve seen her kind of eyes Watching you from underneath a rock!
This vampire bat, this inhuman beast She ought to be locked up and never released The world was such a wholesome place until Cruella, Cruella De Vil
Florence & the Machine Call me Cruella lyrics [From “Cruella” Movie Soundtrack]
Cruella De Vil, Cruella De Vil She’s born to be bad So run for the hills Cruella De Vil, Cruella De Vil The fear on your face It gives me a thrill
Who wants to be nice? Who wants to be tamed? All of the good guys They all seem the same
Original, criminal, Dressed to kill Just call me Cruella De Vil
Call me crazy, Call me insane But you’re stuck in the past and I’m ahead of the game
A life lived in penance, it just seems a waste and the devil has much better taste and I tried to be sweet, I tried to be kind But I feel much better now that I’m out of my mind
Well, there’s always a line in the gates of hell But I go right to the front ’cause I dress this well Rip it up, leave it, all in tatters Beauty is the only thing that matters.
The fabric of your little world is torn Embrace the darkness, and be really bad.
Cruella De Vil, Cruella De Vil The fear on your face It gives me a thrill.
Raya and the Last Dragon Disney Amphibia (S2) Disney Junior Muppet Babies (S3) Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted (S3), Ep. Texas Throwdown Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs Us Again X-Men Origins: Wolverine High School Musical: The Musical: The Series: Episode 204 Big Shot: Episode 108 Star Wars: The Bad Batch: Episode 106 Marvel Studios Legends
“Loki”The Tesseract”The Tesseract, also called the Cube, was a crystalline cube-shaped containment vessel for the Space Stone, one of the six Infinity Stones that predate the universe and possess unlimited energy. It was used by various ancient civilizations before coming into Asgardian hands, kept inside Odin’s Vault. Eventually, it was brought to Earth and left in Tønsberg, where it was guarded by devout Asgardian worshipers.
God of Mischief and brother to Thor, Loki’s tricks and schemes wreak havoc across the realms. Loki, Prince of Asgard, Odinson, rightful heir of Jotunheim, and God of Mischief, is burdened with glorious purpose. His desire to be a king drives him to sow chaos in Asgard June 9 Release
Loki: Episode 1
Loki, the God of Mischief, steps out of his brother’s shadow to embark on an adventure that takes place after the events of “Avengers: Endgame.”During the events of Ragnarok, Loki is reborn as a woman. More specifically, he inhabited the form of Lady Sif, Thor’s lover, whose spirit was trapped elsewhere. What’s more, Loki’s female form is influenced by Norse mythology, where the trickster god once shapeshifted into an elderly woman named Thökk.After stealing the Tesseract during the events of Avengers: Endgame (2019), an alternate version of Loki is brought to the mysterious Time Variance Authority (TVA), a bureaucratic organization that exists outside of time and space and monitors the timeline. They give Loki a choice: face being deleted from existence due to being a “time variant”, or help fix the timeline and stop a greater threat. Loki ends up trapped in his own crime thriller, traveling through time and altering human history
Tom Hiddleston as Loki: Thor’s adopted brother and the god of mischief, based on the Norse mythological deity of the same name.
Owen Wilson as Mobius M. Mobius: A member of the Time Variance Authority (TVA).Hiddleston helped Wilson prepare for the role by explaining and showing him moments from the MCU, which Wilson felt was useful for when Mobius is interviewing Loki.
Gugu Mbatha-Raw as Ravonna Lexus Renslayer: A member of the TVA who serves as one of its judges.
Wunmi Mosaku as Hunter B-15: A member of the TVA.
Disney Junior Puppy Dog Pals (S4) The Happiest Millionaire Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted (S3): Ep. Portugal’s Rugged Coast The Incredible Dr. Pol (S18) Zenimation: Season Two Premiere Big Shot: Episode 109 High School Musical: The Musical: The Series:Episode 205 Star Wars: The Bad Batch: Episode 107
Loki: Episode 2
Luca Dino Ranch (S1) Disney Just Roll With It (S2) Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted (S3): Ep. The Maine Ingredient Heartland Docs, DVM (S3) Big Shot: Episode 110 High School Musical: The Musical: The Series: Episode 206 Star Wars: The Bad Batch: Episode 108
Loki: Episode 3
Disney Bunk’d (S4) PJ Masks (S4) Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted (S3): Ep. Croatia’s Coastal Adventure Running Wild With Bear Grylls (S6) When Sharks Attack (S1- S6) The Mysterious Benedict Society: Episode 101 Wolfgang High School Musical: The Musical: The Series: Episode 207 Star Wars: The Bad Batch: Episode 109
Loki: Episode 4
COMING TO DISNEY Plus IN JULY 2021 (US)
Friday 2nd July
Monsters At Work
“Monsters At Work” takes place the day after the Monsters, Incorporated power plant started harvesting the laughter of children to fuel the city of Monstropolis, thanks to Mike and Sulley’s discovery that laughter generates ten times more energy than screams.
Mechanic Tylor Tuskmon dreams of working his way up to the Laugh Floor at Monsters Inc.
Six months after the events of the original movie, the power plant at its center now harvests the laughter of children to fuel the city of Monstropolis. Tylor Tuskmon, an eager and talented mechanic on the Monsters, Inc. Facilities Team, dreams of working on the Laugh Floor alongside Mike and Sulley.
John Goodman as James P. Sullivan
Billy Crystal as Mike Wazowski
Jennifer Tilly as Celia Mae
Ben Feldman as Tylor Tuskmon
Aisha Tyler as Millie Tuskmon
Mindy Kaling as Val Little
Henry Winkler as Fritz
Lucas Neff as Duncan
Alanna Ubach as Cutter
Stephen Stanton as Smitty and Needleman
Bob Peterson as Roz, Roze
John Ratzenberger as Yeti, Bernard
Bonnie Hunt as Ms. Flint
Monday 5th July
Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted –ICELAND
Friday 9th July
Black Widow – Premier Access
At birth the Black Widow (aka Natasha Romanova) is given to the KGB, which grooms her to become its ultimate operative. When the U.S.S.R. breaks up, the government tries to kill her as the action moves to present-day New York, where she is a freelance operative
Scarlett Johansson as Natasha Romanoff / Black Widow: An Avenger, highly trained former-KGB assassin and former agent of S.H.I.E.L.D..
Ever Anderson portrays a young Natasha Romanoff.
Florence Pugh as Yelena Belova / Black Widow: A sister-figure to Romanoff who was trained in the Red Room as a Black Widow.
Violet McGraw portrays a young Yelena Belova.
David Harbour as Alexei Shostakov / Red Guardian: The Russian super-soldier counterpart to Captain America and a father-figure to Romanoff and Belova.
O-T Fagbenle as Rick Mason: An ally from Romanoff’s S.H.I.E.L.D. past who is romantically interested in her.
William Hurt as Thaddeus Ross: The United States Secretary of State and a former U.S. Army general.
Ray Winstone as Dreykov: The head of the Red Room.
Rachel Weisz as Melina Vostokoff / Black Widow: A seasoned spy trained in the Red Room as a Black Widow and a mother-figure to Romanoff and Belova who is now one of the Red Room’s lead scientists.
Monday 12th July–
Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted SMOKY MOUNTAINS
Wednesday 14th July
Loki – Episode 6 (Finale)
Friday 16th July
Scott Turner is a police investigator in Cypress Beach, California. Bored with the lack of serious crime with his current work, Turner is set to transfer to a much better position in Sacramento, leaving fellow investigator David Sutton to replace him. Turner shows David around in the three days left before his transfer, meeting with long time friend Amos Reed for a final time. The two investigators are then called to the discovery of $8,000 found at the local beach.
Turner & Hooch
“Turner & Hooch” stars Josh Peck as Scott Turner, son of Detective Scott Turner portrayed by Tom Hanks in the 1989 film of the same name.
U.S. Marshall Scott Turner inherits an unruly dog named Hooch, who may become the partner he needs. Together, the partnership, alongside the rest of the Turner family discover that his father’s death may not have been accidental.
Josh Peck as Scott Turner Jr.: A buttoned-down and ambitious U.S. Marshall, the son of the late Det. Scott Turner, who ends up inheriting an unruly dog.
Lyndsy Fonseca as Laura Turner: Scott’s sister and a dog lover, who brings Hooch to Scott while coming to terms with their father’s death, as she helps Scott investigate it.
Carra Patterson as Jessica Baxter: Scott’s partner, whose personality is a “sharp contrast to his spit-and-polish ways”, and who has a brave and quick-thinking personality while working, through whose sense of humor often lead her into trouble.
Vanessa Lengies as Erica Mouniere: A dog lover and trainer at the U.S. Marshal K-9 facility with a crush on Turner, who agrees to train Hooch.
Anthony Ruivivar as James Mendez: A US Marshall Chief and Scott’s boss, who respects Scott but initially is uncomfortable with Hooch, only to give him authorization to receive K-9 training after he helps solve a case.
Brandon Jay McLaren as Xavier Watkins: A marine-turned-US Marshall, who develops a soft spot for Hooch in spite of being a cat lover. One of the office’s most experienced members, he is described as “cool and enigmatic and a bit quirky”.
Jeremy Maguire as Matthew Garland: A dog lover and Scott’s nephew, who becomes thrilled when Scott inherits Hooch.
Becca Tobin as Brooke: Scott’s ex-girlfriend and a prosecutor who downplays her status as part of a wealthy family of powerful lawyers. She is described as representing “everything Scott thinks he wants out of life”.
Matt Hamilton as Trent Havelock: Senior Deputy Marshal to Scott Turner and doesn’t much like dogs. He gets all the fame, all the glory, and all the great cases — everything Scott thinks he wants.
Paul Campbell as Grady Garland: Laura Turner’s ex-husband and Matthew’s father. He’s a well-meaning small-town cop who peaked in high school and at this point probably has more in common with his 8-year-old than his ex.
Cristina Rosato as Olivia: Xavier Watkins’ fiancée and an Oakland cop from the Midwest. She’s warm, earnest and enthusiastic — seemingly the complete opposite of her enigmatic soon-to-be husband.
Reginald VelJohnson as Dave Sutton A former police detective and now mayor of Cypress Beach.
Monday 19th July
Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted – MEXICO
Friday 23rd July
Chip ‘N’ Dale: Park Life
Combining classic-style cartoon comedy with contemporary storytelling, the series follows two tiny wisecracking troublemakers trying to live the good life in a big city park while having giant-sized, sky-high adventures. Disney’s beloved chipmunks, optimistic but nervous warrior Chip and laid-back dreamer Dale, make the perfect odd couple. They’re best buddies and they drive each other nuts! In their perpetual pursuit of acorns, these ultimate underdogs are joined by Pluto, Butch and other iconic Disney characters as they face down bullies great and small.
Friday 30th July
Dr. Lily Houghton enlists the aid of wisecracking skipper Frank Wolff to take her down the Amazon in his ramshackle boat. Together, they search for an ancient tree that holds the power to heal — a discovery that will change the future of medicine.
Dwayne Johnson as Frank Wolff, a shrewd but just riverboat captain.
Emily Blunt as Dr. Lily Houghton, an eccentric but adventurous and virtuous scientist searching for a tree’s magical cure.
Édgar Ramírez as Aguirre
Jack Whitehall as McGregor Houghton, Lily’s younger brother.
Jesse Plemons as Prince Joachim, a villain
Paul Giamatti as Nilo, a crusty harbormaster
Andy Nyman as Sir James Hobbs-Cunningham
Turning the Tables with Robin Roberts
News anchor Robin Roberts (“Good Morning America”) holds intimate roundtable conversations with female celebrities from all walks of life.